ran (OSw) ran (ODan) ran (OGu) rán (ON) noun

There was a clear distinction between robbery (ran) and theft (þiufi, styld etc.). The thief operated in secret or under the cover of night, whereas the robber (ransmaþer) committed his depredations by daylight and often used violent methods, which were, however, regarded as less reprehensible than those of a sneak thief. In effect, ran sometimes took the form of a forced sale, it being not unusual for the ‘robber’ to leave behind a purchase price. Both material property and immaterial rights could be robbed. Ran entailed compensation for the one who had suffered the robbery and the payment of a ránbaugr to the king.


abduction OSw HL Mb
bride kidnapping OSw HL Äb
case of rapine ODan JyL 3
force OGu GL A 21
larceny OSw MEL Rb
open seizure ODan SkL 233
rape OSw ÖgL Äb
rape case OSw ÖgL Äb
rapine ODan ESjL 2, 3
ODan JyL 2, 3
ODan SkBL
ODan SkKL 7
ODan SkL 85, 106, 181, 231
ODan VSjL 65
OSw ÖgL Vm

robbery OIce Grg Feþ 167
OIce Mah 3 Kge 19 Llb 15, 34 Kab 14 Fml 17
OIce Js Lbb 15 Kab 10
OIce KRA 34
ONorw FrL ArbB 23 Rgb 48 LlbA 17
ONorw GuL Krb, Kpb, Kvb, Llb, Arb, Mhb, Olb
OSw ÄVgL Tb, Föb
OSw DL Bb, Tjdb
OSw HL Mb, Rb
OSw KrL Bb Rb Eb SmbI
OSw MEL Rb Eb SmbI
OSw MESt Eb
OSw ÖgL Gb Kmb Rb
OSw SdmL Kkb, Bb, Kmb, Mb, Rb, Till
OSw UL För, Mb, Rb
OSw VmL För, Kkb, Mb
OSw YVgL Rlb, Tb, Utgb

seizure OIce Grg Fjl 224 Rsþ 228
violence OSw ÄVgL Tb
OSw YVgL Tb

Expressions:

handraghit ran (OSw)

robbery from a man’s hand OSw HL Mb SdmL Mb

Refs:

Helle 2001, 94; Hertzberg s.v. rán; KLNM s.v.v. böter, dødsstraff, huvudsynd, krigsbytte, rannsakning, rån

Citation
  • ‘ran’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.

  • http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/4246
    (02/23/2024)