morþ (OSw) morth (ODan) morð (ON) noun

A secret killing — i.e. when the offender failed to make an announcement (lysning) of the deed, was unknown, denied the killing or hid the body (the latter, presumably, the original meaning) — or one committed as breach of loyalty, i.e. killing between spouses or servants killing their master. A crime characterized by its lack of openness and honourability and contrasted to drap (q.v.) and vigh (q.v.). All these types of killing could, however, be punished by death or outlawry, or fine/compensation.


foul murder ONorw GuL Krb, Tfb, Mhb
homicide OSw MEL Rb
murder ODan ESjL 3
ODan SkBL
OIce Grg Klþ 2 Vís 87, 88
OIce Mah 2, 10
OIce Js Mah 6, 14
ONorw BorgL 3.2
ONorw EidsL 3.2 7
ONorw FrL Mhb 4 Var 45 Bvb 4
OSw DL Mb
OSw HL Mb
OSw KrL Hb
OSw MEL Hb
OSw ÖgL Eb
OSw SdmL Mb
OSw SmL
OSw UL Mb, Rb
OSw VmL Mb, Rb
OSw YVgL Add
Refs:

Ekholst 2009, 180−82; KLNM s.v. mord; Maček 2009; SAOB s.v. mord; Schlyter s.v. morþ; Tamm and Vogt, eds, 2016, 309

Citation
  • ‘morþ’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.

  • http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/3682
    (05/23/2024)