magher (OSw) magh (ODan) magr (OGu) mágr (ON) noun

These refer to a male person related by marriage.

The usual meaning in Medieval Nordic legal texts is ‘son-in-law’, attested in ODan ESjL, but also other meanings (some of them more comprehensive) occur: ‘brother-in-law’ (OSw DL; OIce Jó), ‘kinsman’ (ODan ESjL), ‘kinsman by marriage’ (ONorw GuL), and ‘relative’ (OGu GL).

The plurality of the meanings of this term in the medieval Nordic languages can be compared to the similar ambiguity of the kinship terms gener (‘male in-law’) and nepos (i.a. ‘grandchild’, ‘nephew’, ‘niece’) in medieval Latin.


brother-in-law OIce Kab 2
OSw DL Mb

in-law OGu GL A 63, Add. 6 (B 33)
kinsman ODan ESjL 2
kinsman by marriage ONorw GuL Sab
relative OGu GL A 24
son-in-law ODan ESjL 1
OGu GS Ch. 3
OSw MEL Kgb
Refs:

Bjorvand 2007, 772; KLNM s.v. ætt; Latham and Howlett s.v.v. gener, nepos; Niermeyer and van de Kieft s.v.v. gener, nepos

Citation
  • ‘magher’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.

  • http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/3467
    (04/20/2024)