landsþing (OSw) landsthing (ODan) noun

A þing ‘assembly’ of the highest administrative/judicial district land (q.v.) ‘province’ in ODan and OSw laws. There may, however, have been more ODan landsthing than land, at least understood as the provinces with separate law codes (i.e. Jylland, Sjælland and Skåne). The ODan landsthing were held every two weeks and dealt with certain cases relating to inheritance (often with the hærethsthing (see hæraþsþing) as an alternative), land disputes, killings, theft, and occasionally as an appeals court (explicitly stated in ESjL 2:40). Less is known of the OSw landsþing, but in YVgL it dealt with incompliance with a decision from or summonses to another þing, and in SdmL it was as a venue for announcing new laws. The relationship between the landsþing and the folklandsþing (q.v.) in OSw UL is unclear. In the late OSw KrL, the landsþing had been transformed into a royal superior court for each jurisdiction, presumably land ‘province’, held at least once a year by the king, or his proxy, together with the laghmaþer (q.v.) ‘lawman’ and bishop amongst others. Landsþing presumably corresponded to OGu gutnalþing (q.v.), OIce alþingi (q.v.) and the four ONorw provincial assemblies/law districts.

assembly of the province OSw YVgL Kkb, Gb, Föb, Add
provincial assembly ODan ESjL 2, 3
ODan JyL 1, 2
ODan SkL 17, 19, 59, 71, 73, 118, 121, 139, 145
ODan VSjL 32, 50, 51, 53, 58, 68, 69, 78, 87
OSw SdmL Conf

provincial court OSw KrL Kgb Bb Rb Tb
OSw MEL Bb Rb Hb Tb

thing of the land OSw HL Rb Refs:

Andersen 2011, 314−42; KLNM s.v.v. lagman, landsting, ting; Schlyter 1877, s.v. landsþing; Tamm and Vogt, eds, 2016, 301

  • ‘landsþing’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.