landboe (OSw) landbo (ODan) landboi (OGu) landbúi (ON) landbo (OSw) noun

The corresponding ON word is leiglendingr (see laigulenningr). A person who cultivated farmland he didn’t own himself, and paid a yearly rent for (landskyld OSw/ON, ODan landgilde). The landowner would be the king, the church, the nobility or some other magnate. The legal and social status of the landboe is regulated in detail in most of the laws. Formally, he had the right to farm the land for an agreed period of time, which differed between provinces/laws. The contract is described in most laws as a mutual agreement between the landowner and the landboe. The landboe was a free man of equal status with the landowner, except for Denmark where certain landowners had a jurisdiction over the landboe. Most often, he would have been an allodial peasant who for various reasons had been forced to sell his land.

lessee OSw MEL Jb
neighbour of the land OIce Grg Lbþ 174
tenant ODan JyL 2
ODan SkL 76
OGu GL A 47
OIce Grg Lbþ 215
OIce Llb 62
ONorw FrL LlbA 1 LlbB 3
OSw ÄVgL Kkb, Äb
OSw HL Kgb, Jb
OSw KrL Jb Bb Kmb Eb Hb SmbII
OSw ÖgL Jb
OSw SdmL Kkb, Kgb, Jb, Kmb, Rb, Till
OSw UL Kkb, Kmb, Jb, Kmb, Rb
OSw VmL Kkb, Kgb, Jb, Kmb, Rb
OSw YVgL Kkb, Äb, Föb, Utgb, Add

tenant farmer ODan ESjL 2
ODan JyL 1−3
ODan SkL 238−241
ODan VSjL 80, 87
OSw KrL Rb
OSw ÖgL Eb Jb Bb

KLNM s.v. landbo, landgild, leiglending; Lindkvist 1979

  • ‘landboe’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.