lagh (OSw) logh (ODan) lag (OGu) lag (ON) lög (ON) logh (OSw) noun

Usually plural. Literally ‘something laid’, most commonly in the general meaning ‘law’, with varying degree of specificity (reflected in translations such as ‘rule’, ‘law of the land’, ‘right’ and ‘legislation’). Also the jurisdiction of a law (translated as ‘jurisdiction’, ‘law district’, ‘legal district’), and various means to obtain what is right, such as ‘oath’ and ‘proof’. In the singular occasionally more concrete, such as a defined group of people (reflected in translations such as ‘guild’ and ‘company’).


agreement ODan VSjL 1, 2, 7
ban OIce Llb 15
company OSw MESt Kmb
custom OSw KrL Kgb
OSw MEL Kgb

guild ODan JyL 2
jurisdiction ONorw FrL LlbB 1
law ODan ESjL 2, 3
ODan JyL Fort, 1−3
ODan SkBL
ODan SkKL 3, 13
ODan SkL passim
ODan VSjL 1, 13, 51, 58, 79, 84, 87
OFar Seyð 1, 4
OGu GL A 1, 7, 8, 19, 20, 23, 24f (64), 28, 36, 61, Add. 7 (B 49)
OIce Grg passim
OIce passim
OIce Js Mah 7 [passim possibly]
OIce KRA 6, 7 passim
ONorw BorgL 1.1 10.4
ONorw EidsL 22.1 30.4
ONorw FrL Intr 1, 7 KrbA 1, 27 KrbB 6 Mhb 7 passim
ONorw GuL Krb, Kpb, Kvb, Løb, Llb, Arb, Tfb, Mhb, Olb, Leb
OSw ÄVgL Kkb, Md, Slb, Äb, Gb, Rlb, Jb, Tb, Föb
OSw BjR
OSw DL Mb, Bb, Gb, Tjdb, Rb
OSw HL För, Kkb, Äb, Mb, Blb, Rb
OSw KrL Kgb Gb Äb Jb Bb Kmb Rb Eb Hb DbI DbII SmbI Tb Add
OSw MEL Kgb Gb Äb Jb Bb Rb Eb DbI SmbI
OSw MESt Kgb Gb Äb Jb Bb Kmb Skb Rb Eb Hb DbII SmbI Tb Add
OSw ÖgL Eb, Db, Gb, Äb, Kmb, Rb, Bb
OSw SdmL För, Kgb, Gb, Äb, Jb, Bb, Kmb, Mb, Rb, Till
OSw SmL
OSw UL StfBM, För, Kgb, Äb, Mb, Jb, Kmb, Blb, Rb
OSw VmL För, Kgb, Äb, Mb, Jb, Kmb, Bb, Rb
OSw YVgL passim

law district ONorw FrL Var 44
ONorw GuL Krb, Løb, Llb, Olb, Leb

law of the land OSw HL Blb
lawful proof ODan JyL 1
legal district ONorw FrL KrbA 39 ArbB 28
legislation OGu GL A 38
oath ODan ESjL 1−3
ODan JyL 1−3
ODan SkBL
ODan SkKL 6, 11
ODan SkL passim
ODan VSjL passim
OGu GL A 32
OSw ÄVgL Äb, Jb, Kva, Tb
OSw BjR
OSw DL Kkb, Mb, Bb, Tjdb, Rb
OSw HL Kkb, Kgb, Mb, Rb
OSw KrL Rb DbII Tb
OSw MEL Rb
OSw MESt Kgb Rb
OSw ÖgL Kkb Rb
OSw SdmL Conf, Kkb, Kgb, Mb, Tjdb, Rb
OSw UL Kkb, Kgb, Mb, Rb
OSw VmL Kkb, Kgb, Mb, Bb, Rb
OSw YVgL Kkb, Gb, Rlb, Tb, Jb, Add

partnership OIce Grg Vís 97
person’s share ODan JyL 3
place OGu GL A 23
proof ODan JyL 1, 2
ODan SkL 75, 200, 203
ODan VSjL 18, 39, 49, 57, 85, 87

proving ODan JyL 2
reason ODan ESjL 3
right ODan ESjL 3
ODan JyL 1
OSw YVgL Jb, Kvab

right to prove ODan ESjL 3
rule ODan ESjL 1, 3
OSw HL Blb

standard value OIce Grg Feþ 167
stipulated fine OGu GL A 8
Expressions:

at lagum (OGu) at lögum (ON)

in accordance with the law OIce Grg Þsþ 25

lawfully OGu GL A 26

biuþa lagh (OSw)

offer a defence OSw UL Kkb

offer an oath OSw UL Kgb, Rb

eftir lögum (ON)

in accordance with the law OFar Seyð 1

fæsta lagh (OSw)

promise an oath OSw UL Rb VmL Kkb, Rb

ganga lagh (OSw)

swear an oath OSw UL Mb VmL Kkb, Bb

guþs lagh (OSw)

God’s law OSw SmL ÄVgL Äb

i gamblu laghum (OSw)

under the old law OSw ÖgL Äb

i nyiu laghum (OSw)

under the new law OSw ÖgL Äb

kristendoms logh (ODan)

Christian law ODan JyL 1

lagh ok landsræt, lagh ok lanzræt (OSw)

law and custom of the province OSw UL Äb VmL Äb

mæþ logh, mæþ lohum (ODan) mæþ laghum, miþ lagum (OGu)

lawfully ODan SkL 8, 66, 152, 180 VSjL 58 OGu GL A 37

according to the law ODan SkL 60

mæþ rætum lohum (ODan)

lawfully ODan SkL 7

uæræ uiþær loh (ODan)

prove ODan SkL 75

wara i laghum medh (OSw)/uæræ i lohum mæþ (ODan)

swear with ODan SkL 78

be subject to the same law OSw MESt Kmb

Refs:

Cleasby and Vigfusson s.v. lag; Fritzner s.v. lög; Hertzberg s.v. lög; ONP s.v. lag; Schlyter s.v. lagh

Citation
  • ‘lagh’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.

  • http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/2950
    (02/23/2024)