kæra (OSw) kære (ODan) kera (OGu) kæra (ON) kære (ODan) verb

Literally ‘to complain’. When used of the injured party’s declaration of having been wronged often referring to the initiation of a legal procedure (at the þing ‘assembly’), and translated as for example ‘bring a case (before the Thing assembly)’, ‘prosecute’, ‘sue’, ‘take action’. Sometimes focusing on the identification of an alleged culprit (‘accuse’, ‘charge’), or on the request for justice (‘claim’, ‘demand’, ‘petition’). The right to kæra typically belonged to the injured party (including the bishop’s lænsmaþer (q.v.) as the representative of the Church when it was considered the injured party).


accuse ODan ESjL 2
OSw HL Rb
OSw ÖgL Kkb 18:2

bring a case (against) OSw DL Kkb, Bb, Gb, Rb
OSw ÖgL Eb

bring a case before the Thing assembly OSw DL Tjdb
bring a charge OSw MELL Bb
OSw MELL Rb

bring a complaint ODan SkL 226
bring a prosecution OSw UL Mb, Rb
OSw VmL Mb, Rb

bring an action OSw MELL Bb
OSw MELL DbI

bring an action against OSw MELL DbII
challenge ODan JyL 2
charge ODan ESjL 3
ODan SkL 98
OSw MELL Rb
OSw MELL Eb
OSw MELL Hb
OSw MELL SmbI

claim ODan SkL 51, 67, 83
OSw YVgL Jb, Föb, Utgb
OSw ÄVgL Jb

complain ODan ESjL 1
ODan JyL 1, 2
ODan SkL 15, 44, 49, 75, 187, 214
ODan VSjL 24, 71
OSw DL Tjdb
OSw HL Kkb, Äb

conduct a prosecution OSw DL Rb
demand ODan JyL 2
OSw ÖgL Bb

dispute OSw MELL Jb
lay a claim OSw MELL Kb
lay a complaint OGu GL A 23
make a claim ODan ESjL 2, 3
make a complaint ODan ESjL 2
OSw UL Kkb, Äb, Mb, Jb

make an accusation OGu GL A 22
OSw UL Kgb

make charges ODan ESjL 3
petition OSw YVgL Föb
OSw ÖgL Kkb

plead OGu GL Add. 1 (B 4)
present a claim ONorw FrL Intr 15
proceed OSw MELL Tb
prosecute OSw DL Kkb, Mb, Bb
OSw HL Kkb

pursue ODan ESjL 2, 3
raise a claim ODan JyL 1
ODan SkL 14
OSw ÖgL Eb, Db
OSw ÖgL Gb
OSw ÖgL Äb
OSw ÖgL Jb
OSw ÖgL Kmb
OSw ÖgL Bb

raise a complaint ODan ESjL 3
ODan JyL 1, 2
ODan SkKL 3
ODan SkL 8, 173
ODan VSjL 18, 25, 78

start accusation ODan ESjL 2
sue OSw HL Mb
OSw SdmL Kkb, Kgb, Äb, Bb, Kmb, Mb, Rb
OSw YVgL Add
OSw ÖgL Kkb, Eb
OSw ÖgL Kmb
OSw ÖgL Rb
OSw ÖgL Bb
OSw MELL Kb

take action ODan JyL 2
try OSw MELL Kb
Expressions:

kæra fyrir (ON)

to bring an action before OIce Sg 3, Mah 21

kæra sik (ON)

bring an action OIce Sg 1

kæra til, kæra til, til kæra (OSw)

prosecute OSw UL Kkb, Kgb, Mb, Blb VmL Kkb, Kgb, Mb, Jb, Bb, Rb

kæra æptir (OSw)

bring a prosecution OSw UL Mb, Rb

raise an objection OSw UL Blb VmL Jb

Refs:

Hellquist s.v. kära; Schlyter s.v. kæra, sökia

Citation
  • ‘kæra’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/2921
    (05/16/2022)