kæra (OSw) kære (ODan) kera (OGu) kæra (ON) kære (ODan) verb

Literally ‘to complain’. When used of the injured party’s declaration of having been wronged often referring to the initiation of a legal procedure (at the þing ‘assembly’), and translated as for example ‘bring a case (before the Thing assembly)’, ‘prosecute’, ‘sue’, ‘take action’. Sometimes focusing on the identification of an alleged culprit (‘accuse’, ‘charge’), or on the request for justice (‘claim’, ‘demand’, ‘petition’). The right to kæra typically belonged to the injured party (including the bishop’s lænsmaþer (q.v.) as the representative of the Church when it was considered the injured party).

accuse ODan ESjL 2
OSw ÖgL Kkb 18:2

bring a case (against) OSw DL Kkb, Bb, Gb, Rb
OSw ÖgL Eb

bring a case before the Thing assembly OSw DL Tjdb
bring a complaint ODan SkL 226
bring a prosecution OSw UL Mb, Rb
OSw VmL Mb, Rb

challenge ODan JyL 2
charge ODan ESjL 3
ODan SkL 98

claim ODan SkL 51, 67, 83
OSw YVgL Jb, Föb, Utgb

complain ODan ESjL 1
ODan JyL 1, 2
ODan SkL 15, 44, 49, 75, 187, 214
ODan VSjL 24, 71
OSw DL Tjdb
OSw HL Kkb, Äb

conduct a prosecution OSw DL Rb
demand ODan JyL 2
lay a complaint OGu GL A 23
make a claim ODan ESjL 2, 3
make a complaint ODan ESjL 2
OSw UL Kkb, Äb, Mb, Jb

make an accusation OGu GL A 22
OSw UL Kgb

make charges ODan ESjL 3
petition OSw YVgL Föb
OSw ÖgL Kkb

plead OGu GL Add. 1 (B 4)
present a claim ONorw FrL Intr 15
prosecute OSw DL Kkb, Mb, Bb
OSw HL Kkb

pursue ODan ESjL 2, 3
raise a claim ODan JyL 1
ODan SkL 14
OSw ÖgL Eb, Db

raise a complaint ODan ESjL 3
ODan JyL 1, 2
ODan SkKL 3
ODan SkL 8, 173
ODan VSjL 18, 25, 78

start accusation ODan ESjL 2
sue OSw HL Mb
OSw SdmL Kkb, Kgb, Äb, Bb, Kmb, Mb, Rb
OSw YVgL Add
OSw ÖgL Kkb, Eb

take action ODan JyL 2

kæra fyrir (ON)

to bring an action before OIce Sg 3, Mah 21

kæra sik (ON)

bring an action OIce Sg 1

kæra til, kæra til, til kæra (OSw)

prosecute OSw UL Kkb, Kgb, Mb, Blb VmL Kkb, Kgb, Mb, Jb, Bb, Rb

kæra æptir (OSw)

bring a prosecution OSw UL Mb, Rb

raise an objection OSw UL Blb VmL Jb


Hellquist s.v. kära; Schlyter s.v. kæra, sökia

  • ‘kæra’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.