köpunger (OSw) køping (ODan) kaupungr (OGu) kaupangr (ON) noun

A trading center, market-place or town. As a proper noun Kaupangr refers to several place names throughout the North, the best known of which is perhaps Kaupang in Skiringssal west of Oslo. There is some semantic overlap with other designations for trading areas, such as bær (see byr), kaupstaðr (see köpstaþer), bjarkey and torg (see torgh). In FrL (e.g. KrbB 24) a kaupangr is often contrasted with a herað (‘district’, see hæraþ), as the summons process varied slightly between urban and rural areas. Dansih and Swedish and laws (e.g. JyL, UL) associate these trading areas with major roads, and infractions occurring there could incur additional fines similar to breaches of law committed at an assembly.

market town ONorw FrL Leb 11
OSw UL Blb
OSw VmL Bb

marketplace OGu GL A 6, 13
OSw VmL Mb

town ODan JyL 1−3
ODan SkL 69
ONorw FrL KrbA 10, 37 KrbB 24 Rgb 31 Kvb 23
ONorw GuL Arb

township OIce Grg Misc 248
ONorw FrL KrbB 20

CV s.v. kaupangr; Fritzner s.v. kaupangr; GAO s.v. kaupang; Hertzberg s.v. kaupangr; KLNM s.v.v. handelsplasser, köping, marked, stad, torvevæsen; ONP s.v. kaupangr; Skre 2007; Tamm & Vogt, eds, 2016, 46, 315

  • ‘köpunger’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.

  • http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/2813