hvinska (OSw) hvinnska (ON) noun

Pilfering, petty larceny. In some Nordic laws hvinnska is given as the lowest degree of theft. In Seyð and Jó (Þjb 1) thefts of goods valued at less than one eyrir, and less than one þveit (q.v.) in FrL (XIV.12), were considered hvinnska. Penalties for hvinnska were severe but appear to have lessened over time. In YVgL (Tb 13) the punishment for hvinska is a large cash payment or corporal punishment in the form of flogging and clipped ears. Hvinnska in FrL (XIV.12) incurred a loss of rights. In the later MLL and Jó (Þjb 1) hvinnska incurs a fine of three øre, and the perpetrator is to be called ‘a lesser man’ (ON maðr at verri). Snattan (q.v.), or its subsequent fine, snattan- or snattarabot (q.v.), is a corresponding offense listed in ÖgL, some Svea laws and GL.


petty larceny OIce Þjb 1
OSw YVgL Tb, Add

petty theft OIce Mah 26
OIce Js Mah 25

pilfering OFar Seyð 5 Refs:

CV s.v. hvinnska; Fritzner s.v. hvinnska; KLNM s.v.v. rättlösa, tyveri; ONP s.v. hvinnska

Citation
  • ‘hvinska’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.

  • http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/2369
    (02/23/2024)