hion (OSw) hjon (ODan) hjón (ON) hjóna (ON) hjún (ON) noun

Derived from a PGmc word meaning ‘family’, and etymologically related to hirð (q.v.) and other similar words, it might mean ‘household members’ or ‘servants’, or ‘folk’ in general, and in the context of marriage refer to the married or betrothed couple as an entity. In all the meanings exhibited there is a sense of ‘belonging’, whether between people or between a person and a household. The compounds formed from the word as a prefix tend to refer to aspects of marriage, whereas when used as a suffix, the word tends to specify a type of servant, which illustrates the two separate meanings.


betrothed couple OSw DL Kkb
couple ONorw BorgL 3.4 17.1
OSw DL Gb
OSw SdmL Kkb, Gb, Mb
OSw UL Kkb, Äb, Mb
OSw VmL Kkb, Äb, Mb
OSw YVgL Kkb

dependents OSw MEL Eb
domestic servant OSw DL Kkb, Eb, Bb
engaged couple OSw HL Kkb
folk OSw UL Kmb
OSw VmL Kmb

household ONorw EidsL 12.2
ONorw FrL Mhb 5
OSw ÖgL Kkb, Eb, Db

household member(s) OIce Js Mah 11
OIce KRA 13
ONorw BorgL 5.2 14.5
ONorw EidsL 12.3
ONorw FrL Rgb 3 Bvb 6
OSw KrL SmbI SmbII Add
OSw MEL SmbI SmbII Tb
OSw MESt SmbI
OSw SdmL Kgb, Till
OSw UL Kgb, Äb
OSw VmL Kgb, Mb

household servants OFar Seyð 3, 7
OSw HL Kgb

man and wife OIce Grg Arþ 125 Tíg 259
OIce Kge 3
OIce Js Kvg 3, 5
ONorw FrL Kvb 5
OSw DL Gb

married couple OIce Kge 7, 13
OIce KRA 15
ONorw EidsL 4
OSw BjR

member of a household OSw DL Eb
OSw HL Kgb

people belonging to the household ONorw GuL Kvb, Mhb, Tjb, Leb
people of the household OIce Llb 4
OSw KrL Eb
OSw MEL Eb
OSw MESt Eb

servant ODan ESjL 1−3
ODan JyL 2, 3
ODan SkL 62, 122, 126,131−135, 152
ODan VSjL 56, 69
OSw ÄVgL Kkb, Rlb, Tb
OSw BjR
OSw HL Kkb
OSw KrL Kgb Bb Kmb
OSw MEL Kgb Kmb
OSw MESt Kmb
OSw ÖgL Eb Gb Rb Bb
OSw SdmL Kkb
OSw SmL
OSw UL Kkb, Kmb, Blb
OSw VmL Kmb, Bb
OSw YVgL Kkb, Drb, Rlb, Tb, Add

servants and dependents OSw KrL Bb
OSw MEL Bb

slave ODan ESjL 3
spouse ODan ESjL 1
ODan JyL 1
ODan SkL 7
OIce KRA 18
ONorw BorgL 17
OSw ÄVgL Äb, Gb, Jb
OSw HL Äb
OSw MEL DbII
OSw MESt DbII
OSw SmL
OSw YVgL Äb, Gb, Jb

unfree servant ODan VSjL 86 Refs:

Brink 2005; Brink 2012; Hellquist [1948] 1964, s.v. hjon; Korpiola 2004; SAOB s.v. hjon; Schlyter 1877, s.v. hion

Citation
  • ‘hion’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.

  • http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/2143
    (02/23/2024)