gilder (OSw) gild (ODan) gildr (ON) adj.

Etymologically related to the verb gælda ‘to pay (for); to be worth’. The many translations might be summed up as ‘(worth) being paid (for) or used as payment and thus (legally) approved’. Used of 1) (the worth/value of) the victim’s — or their damaged possession’s — right to) compensation; and 2) (the worth/value of) the criminal’s obligation to pay (a fine/compensation); as well as of 3) the status of being in accordance with the law, specifically concerning inanimate objects. A possible grouping, with some overlap, is thus 1) used of victims receiving compensation in translations such as ‘compensated’, ‘entitled to compensation/payment’, ‘valued (for fines)’, (and possibly ‘permitted to be revenged’); 2) used of criminals paying a fine or compensation ‘valued (for fines)’; and 3) used of inanimate objects, fences, houses etc., in translations such as ‘valid’, ‘adequate’, ‘satisfactory’, ‘serviceable’, ‘useable’, ‘binding’, ‘in accordance with law’, ‘legal(ly qualified)’.


adequate OSw DL Bb
OSw MEL Bb
OSw ÖgL Rb Bb

as good as OSw DL Bb
binding OSw UL Blb
OSw VmL Bb

compensated OSw DL Mb
ONorw FrL Var 14
OSw HL Blb
OSw KrL DbII SmbII
OSw MESt Eb SmbI
OSw ÖgL Kkb, Db Äb
OSw UL Kkb, Mb, Blb
OSw VmL Kkb, Mb, Bb

entitled to compensation OSw DL Mb
entitled to payment ODan SkL 170
good quality OSw MEL Kgb
in a good state OSw HL Blb
in accordance with law OIce Llb 32
in good condition OSw KrL Bb
OSw MEL Bb

in good repair OSw YVgL Kkb
in order OSw YVgL Jb, Föb, Utgb
lawful OSw KrL Bb
OSw MEL Bb Rb

legal OSw DL Rb
legally qualified OSw HL Jb
obliged to pay compensation OSw ÖgL Eb
of good quality OSw KrL Kgb
permitted to be revenged OSw DL Eb
punished OSw KrL Add
OSw MEL Eb

satisfactory ONorw GuL Llb
serviceable OSw UL Blb
OSw VmL Bb

to be avenged OSw MEL SmbI
usable OSw ÄVgL Kkb
OSw MEL Bb

valid OSw ÄVgL Jb, Föb
OSw DL Mb, Rb
ONorw FrL LlbA 21
OIce Grg Fjl 221
OSw HL Kkb, Jb, Rb
OIce Js Lbb 20
OSw KrL Gb Rb
OSw MEL Gb Rb
OSw ÖgL Rb
OSw SdmL Äb, Bb, Kmb, Rb, Till
OSw UL Jb, Kmb, Rb, Add. 1
OSw VmL Äb, Mb, Kmb, Bb, Rb
OSw YVgL Drb, Jb, Add

valued OSw SdmL Kkb, Kgb, Äb, Bb, Mb
valued at OIce Grg Vís 102
valued for fines OSw SdmL Mb
worth a certain payment in fine OSw HL Kkb
OSw KrL SmbI
OSw MEL SmbI
Refs:

Cleasby and Vigfússon s.v. gildr; Fritzner, s.v.v. gildr, gjalda; Hellquist s.v.v. gill, giltig, gäld, gälla; Hertzberg s.v. gildr; Ruthström 1990; OED s.v. yield (verb); SAOB s.v.v. gill, gilla, gälda, gälla; Schlyter s.v. gilda, gilder, gælda

Citation
  • ‘gilder’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.

  • http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/1725
    (12/08/2022)