fæsta (OSw) fæste (ODan) festa (OGu) festa (ON) fæste (ODan) festa (OGu) festa (ON) verb

Literally, ‘fasten’. This word is used in a considerable number of different ways. On the one hand, it might have a meaning similar to biuþa in the more general sense of ‘offer’ or ‘pledge’ and similar concepts. The thing offered or promised could be fines, an oath or surety, a tenancy or loan agreement, a sale, property division or exchange as well as a contract of employment or marriage. In the context of marriage, it means specifically to pledge or offer to be married to someone. This usually involved the passing of a betrothal gift or price, the fæstnaþa fæ, or vingæf (q.v.), to the designated giftarmaþer (q.v.).


accept OSw HL Rb
accept a conviction OSw HL Rb
accept fines OSw HL Rb
agree ODan ESjL 2
ODan JyL 2, 3
ODan SkL 66, 97, 192, 227, 228, 239
ODan VSjL 39, 41

announce OSw YVgL Add
betroth ODan SkKL 6
OIce Mah 30 Kge 5, 6
OIce Js Mah 36 Ert 14
OIce KRA 16
ONorw FrL KrbB 22 Kvb 1
OSw DL Gb
OSw HL Kkb, Äb
OSw SdmL Gb
OSw UL Kkb, Äb
OSw VmL Kkb, Äb
OSw YVgL Kkb, Äb, Gb, Add
OSw ÄVgL Äb, Gb

bind OSw HL Äb
confirm OIce Grg Rsþ 230
OSw HL Jb

convict OSw HL Rb
espouse ONorw BorgL 15.8
fasten ONorw GuL Krb
OSw HL Kkb, Äb

formally agree ODan ESjL 3
ODan VSjL 81

hire OSw YVgL Utgb
OSw ÄVgL Föb

marry ODan ESjL 1
OIce KRA 16

offer OSw HL Mb
OSw UL Kkb, Mb, Jb, Rb, Add. 8
OSw VmL Rb

pay ONorw FrL KrbA 22
OSw UL Blb

pay a fine OSw HL Rb
pledge OGu GL A 28, 63
ONorw GuL Kvb
OSw UL Jb, Blb, Rb
OSw VmL Jb, Rb
OSw ÖgL Kkb, Eb

pledge to swear OIce Llb 30
promise ODan ESjL 2, 3
ODan JyL 2, 3
ODan SkL 77
ODan VSjL 55, 65, 87
OSw DL Rb
OSw HL Rb
OSw SdmL Jb, Mb, Rb
OSw VmL Rb
OSw ÖgL Db

rent ODan JyL 3
ODan SkL 238, 239

set OSw ÖgL Eb
submit to something ONorw GuL Kpb
give surety OIce Js Mah 20
swear OIce Þjb 5
ONorw FrL KrbB 3 Mhb 8

take in pledge OGu GL A 20
take into one’s service ONorw GuL Løb
Expressions:

festa í vist (ON)

hire OIce Kge 24

fæsta lagh (OSw) festa lög (ON)

place a ban OIce Llb 52

promise an oath OSw UL Rb VmL Kkb, Rb

fæstu aiga (OGu)

land held in pledge OGu GL A 63, Add 9

Refs:

KLNM, s.v.v. bröllop, fastar, festermål, morgongåva; Korpiola 2004; Peel 2015, 188 note 63/9−11; Schlyter 1877, s.v. fæsta; SL GL, 278 note 4 to chapter 28; SL UL, 41 notes 72−73, 78−79, notes 8−11; SL VmL, 29 notes 82−84, 57 note 11; Vogt 2010

Citation
  • ‘fæsta’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/1616
    (01/21/2022)