fulder (OSw) ful (ODan) adj.

The literal meaning ‘full’, as opposed to only a part, might be illustrated by fulder luter ‘full lot’ and full manbot ‘full man’s compensation’. A fulder þiuver ‘full thief’, committing fulder þiufnaþer ‘full theft’, had stolen something valued at or above a certain amount and was punished more severely. A fullr bóndi (ONorw BorgL 12.2) is interpreted as a farmer with workers (as opposed to an einvirki), possibly an earlier form of bóndi. A fulder byr ‘full village’ was a village of a specified size that could be dated back to pagan times, but it is not clear what this status entailed (OSw YVgL Jb; ÄVgL Jb). Other usages are even less clear as to what constituted the fullness; certain injuries entitled a wounded person to higher fines, if the injury was fulder as in full sar ‘full wound’ (OSw DL Mb; SdmL Kkb; ÖgL Eb, Vm). When applied to certain officeholders, functions or rights, fulder can be understood as ‘authorized’ or ‘legal’ as in fult umbuþ ‘authorized agent’ (OSw SdmL Kgb), fulder vitnismaþer ‘full witness’ (OSw ÄVgL/YVgL Rlb), full iorthæværn ‘full right to defend land’ (ODan ESjL 3:3).

authorized OSw SdmL Kgb
binding OSw YVgL Kvab
clear OSw MEL Kgb
convicted OSw HL Äb
full ODan ESjL 1−3
ODan JyL 1−3
ODan SkL 5, 23, 64, 73, 87, 93, 103, 116, 129, 130
ODan VSjL passim
OSw ÄVgL Rlb, Tb, Fös
OSw DL Kkb, Mb, Bb, Tjdb
OSw HL Kkb, Kgb, Mb, Blb
OSw KrL Kgb Gb Bb Rb DbI SmbI Add
OSw MEL Kgb Gb Bb Rb Eb
OSw MESt Gb Jb Rb SmbI
OSw ÖgL Kkb, Eb, Vm, Gb, Äb, Bb
OSw SdmL Conf, Kkb, Kgb, Gb, Jb, Bb, Kmb, Mb, Tjdb, Rb, Till
OSw YVgL Urb, Drb, Gb, Rlb, Tb, Föb, Add

fully competent OSw YVgL Rlb
proper OSw ÖgL Äb
real OSw ÄVgL Tb
serious OSw DL Eb
sure OSw KrL Äb

valid ODan ESjL 2
OSw MESt Gb Jb Hb


faster ok fullder, fastr oc fulldr, fastær ok fuldær (OSw)

in total and for good OSw UL Kkb VmL Kkb

valid OSw UL Kkb, Jb, Kmb, Rb VmL Kkb, Jb, Kmb, Rb

fulder bot, fulder bruta, full bot, fullar böter (OSw)

full compensation OSw UL Mb, Rb VmL Mb, Rb

full fines OSw VmL Mb

fulder stadsins bref (OSw)

authorized town writ OSw MESt Add

fulder þiufnaþer (OSw)

full theft OSw UL Mb VmL Mb


Miller 1990, 333 n. 9

  • ‘fulder’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.

  • http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/1535