fastar (pl.) (OSw) fasti (OSw) fastamæn (OSw) noun

Etymologically related to the adjective faster ‘fastened, fixed’. Additional witnesses to transactions, particularly of landed property and in relation to betrothals, in OSw HL also to bolagh ‘partnership’ and settlements of killing. The number of fastar varied between seven and twenty-four, sometimes depending on the value of that being handled. Fastar of land transactions were normally local landowners (who according to the later MEL were to be named in written documents of the deal). Fastar of other arrangements usually represented the two parties in equal numbers. Fastar also appeared in medieval diplomas from the Norwegian province of Jämtland, albeit not in the laws, presumably under Swedish influence.

{fastar} OSw DL Bb
OSw HL Kkb, Äb, Mb, Jb
OSw UL Kkb, Äb, Jb, Add. 5
OSw VmL Kkb, Äb, Jb

official witnesses OSw MEL Gb
purchase witnesses OSw DL Bb
transaction witnesses OSw DL Bb
OSw KrL Gb, Jb
OSw SdmL Gb, Jb

witnesses OSw DL Bb Refs:

Brink forthcoming; Fritzner s.v. fasti; KLNM, s.v. fastar; Larsson 2009, 160–61, 167–68; Schlyter s.v. fastar

  • ‘fastar (pl.)’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.