The Hartlib Papers

Title:Hartlib'S Preface To Printed Pamphlet, 'The Reformed School', John Dury
Dating:1650
Ref:Selection of text (sig. A1-6)
Notes:Published by Samuel Hartlib. Full text comprises Preface by Samuel Hartlib (sig. A2r-A6r); Main text by John Dury (pp. 13-93: not included here). Second edition (1651) added: The Reformed Librarie Keeper by John Dury; An Idea of Mathematicks by John Pell; Description of a German Library. A Supplement was published with the first edition of The Reformed Librarie Keeper (1650). [HDC list of The Publications of Samuel Hartlib, Turnbull: No. 30]

[Long-Title and Bibliographical description:]
Dury, John
ST: The reformed school.
Wing Number: D2883    Wing Microfiln: 27.6
THE | REFORMED | SCHOOL. | [double rule] | BY | JOHN DVRY | [double rule] | [device] | LONDON, | [Prin]ted by R.D. for Richard Wodnothe at | the Star under S.Peters Church | in Corn-hill.
12o: A-Cl2, Dl2(-D12); [$5 (-A1) signed]; 48 leaves
pp. [1-12] 13-89 [90-93]

[Selection of text begins:]
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THE
REFORMED
SCHOOL.
BY
JOHN DURY.
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_____________________________________________
LONDON,
     Printed by R.D. for Richard Wodnothe at the Star under S. Peters Church in Corn-hill
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[decorative block]
The Publisher to the Reader
Christian Reader,
     Nothing from without hath supported my spirit in the course of life, wherein God hath led me hitherto (through manifold private difficulties and public desertions) but the usefulnesse thereof towards the Publick. & whiles the graciousnesse of Providence hath from time to time succoured me, chiefly then when I was sinking under my burdens, I have been taught from within, to look up to God alone in well doing, till he bring his Salvation out of Sion: for, propagate this Salvation of his with my poor talents, and to stirre up others to contribute their help thereunto, is the utmost aim [catchword: which]
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which I have in the Agency for Learning; wherein the goodnes of the Parliament hath owned me. And although, towards the businesse it self, nothing hath been further done then to name me for it; (which for the time hath made my burdens somewhat heavier) yet because my genius doth lead this way; and I hope still in God that he will not leave me without encouragements: therefore I am not weary in well-doing, so long as I have opportunity. Having then, upon a motion made by some, made my self instrumentall to draw forth from others these following Directions, towards the Reforming of Schools and the Advancement of Piety and Learning therein; I thought it expedient to acquaint thee with them, Christian reader; that if thou doest think thyself any way concerned, either in furthering the benefits of such a way of Education towards others, or in partaking [catchword: there-]
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thereof for thine own, thou mayest bethink thy self how to do that which is fitting and conscionable; that such an Endeavour as this may be set forward towards the Publick Good. For mine own part, I shall confesse freely, that amongst all the objects whereunto I have dedicated my thoughts and pains (whereof the extent is as large as every Good and Rational Work in the whole life of Christianity) there is not any one which doth lie nearer my heart then this of the Education of Children in the way of Christianity. For, all things being rightly weighed, we shall perceive that this Endeavour alone, or nothing, will be able to work a Reformation in this our Age. For whiles the Magistracy and Ministry is made an Object of violent Contradictions, and thereby almost wholly put out of frame and made uselesse, as to the Reforming of Vices in Church and Commonwealth; it cannot be expect- [catchword: ed]
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expected although they be never so knowing and willing, that in the execution of their places, they should be able to bring matters to perfection. Therefore to meddle directly with the multitudes of Aged people (the Objects of their charges) who are now settled and habituated in the way of their own choosing, and to think to draw them from it, is to attempt, without discretion, an impossibilitie. For it is not possible, that the extraordinary strains and distempers, whereinto we are fallen in these times, can be reformed without some extraordinary abilitie, either of outward Authority and Power to restrain exemplary disorderlinesse, or of inward Conviction, to leade men captive under the yoke of Christ, which are things wholly decayed, nowadayes, amongst the professions of men. Seeing then, the corruptions of those that are of age, are too strong and sturdy to be conquered [catchword: by]
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by ordinary and weak means, and none extraordinary or strong enough are apparent; it followeth that there is none other way left, but to deal with the young ones, before any corrupt habits, and perverse engagements be confirmed upon them; that they may be trained up from their Infancy to a course of Reformation, both of Virtue and Learning. But because the training up of Schollars in one School or two, though very great and most exactly Reformed, will be but an inconsiderable matter, in respect of whole Nation, and have no great influence upon the youth thereof, where so many Schools remain unreformed, & propagate corruptions; therefore the propagation of reformed Schools is mainly aimed at; and to that effect, the training up of Reformed School-Masters, is one of the chief parts of this Designe. Now to endeavour to make out this, that the readiest way to Re- [catchword: form]
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from both Church and Commonwealth, is to Reform the schools of education therein, and that the way to reform these, is to send forth Reformed School-Masters amongst them, is, as I suppose, altogether superfluous: For it cannot be thought that any rationall man should be such a stranger unto the affairs of humane Societies, as not to see that from the ordinary Schools, all Magistrates and Ministers and Officers of State are taken throughout the Nations of the World, to be set over others; and that the impressions both of vice and virtue, which they have received in the Schools, are exercised and become effectuall for good or evil, afterward, in their places towards the Church and Comrnon-wealth: so that the schools are to be looked upon as the Ordinary and Naturall fountains of a Settlement, as of our Corruption, so of our Reformation, if God will blesse us [catchword: with]
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with any. And the School-Master in a well ordered Common-wealth, is no lesse considerable than either the Minister or the Magistrate; because neither the one nor the other will prosper or subsist long without him. I shall not need to add anything further concerning this subject to make thee sensible either of the Usefulnesse of the undertaking, or of the Scope of my negotiation in it.
     This onely I would have thee further to observe, judicious and truly Christian reader (for none but such can see anything in this businesse) that the Authour of this new Model of schooling was intreated to put it to paper, upon a serious motion made to him, and to some Friends of his, by others; for the entertaining and regulating of a Christian Association, whereof all the Members might be serviceable to each other and to the Publick: therefore he speaks not in his own name alone con- [catchword: cerning]
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cerning the Association, but in the name of those, who were jointly called upon to give their assent thereunto, who agreed with him in these Proposals. The Motion is not as yet come to maturitie in the Resolution of those that first made it, and the cause is of some convenience to effect it, and the fears of unsettlement, after that it shall be set upon, and till there be a further ground laid for the prosecuting of this Designe it is needlesse to give the Directory concerning the Education of girls. In the meantime, I have thought good to publish this, with an addition of some directions for teaching of Logic; that such as can judge may see that there is an easier and readier way to attain the perfection of Virtue and Happinesse, known and practicable, then as yet hath been published to the World or put in practice by any; and that to set these wheels a going, nothing is wanting but a quiet place of abode, [catchword: and]
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and some assurance of necessary Protection.
     Let thy prayer go along with it, to supply these wants, if thou hast any Rationall or Spirituall apprehension of the good sought thereby unto all; and if thou canst, say with the Prophet Psal. I4. v.7. Oh that the salvation of Israel were come out of Zion! when the Lord bringeth back the captivity of his people, Jacob shall rejoice, and Israel shall be glad. To the expectation and accomplishment of this hope and promise I leave thee, in him who is the God of our Salvation, and the confidence of all the ends of the earth, and of them that are afarre off upon the Sea Psal. 65. v.5. in whom I rest,
               Thy most willing Servant, for the
               advancement of Piety and Learning,
                    Samuel Hartlib.