The Hartlib Papers

Title:Printed Pamphlet, 'Considerations Tending To The Happy Accomplishment Of Englands Reformation...', (John Dury). Part 2
Dating:1647
Ref:Second half of text (pp. 26-59)
Notes:Document divided between 2 files. Text comprises: Preface by Samuel Hartlib (sig. A1r-A2v: included in part 1); Main text by John Dury (pp. 1-59: pp. 1-26 included in part 1). No title page. [HDC list of The Publications of Samuel Hartlib, Turnbull: No. 19]

[Long-Title and Bibliographical description:]
(Dury, John)
ST: Considerations tending to the happy accomplishment.
Wing Number: H981    Thomason Tracts: E.389(4)
[within single rules]
[ornamental rule] | CONSIDERATIONS | TENDING | To the Happy Accomplishment | OF | ENGLANDS | Reformation in Church and State. | Humbly presented to the Piety and Wisdome of the | High and Honourable Court of Parliament. | ...[colophon: I2v][within ornamental rule] Anno 1647.
4o: A2, B-H4, I2; [$3 signed]; 32 leaves
pp. [4] l-59

[Text resumes halfway down page:]
[p. 26]
                    Of the Third.
THe Third Thing to bee opened in this Matter is to shew, that as the Aime of the Magistracy and Ministery in their severall Spheres, doth oblige them to intend the performance of these Duties in order to the Manifestation of Gods Glory; so all the Meanes whereby they are inabled to effect the work it self are in their hands; so that nothing is wanting but the Actual Contrivance of the Course, which may be followed in applying their Abilities unto these their proper Uses. This Means is the power of the Parliament, able to set themselves and all others in such a way of Acting for [catchword: the]
[p. 27]
the Publike Good, as is most expedient for their owne Happinesse. It is needlesse to speake of the Al-sufficiency of Humane Abilities bestowed upon this Parliament by the blessing of God for our Reformation. It is evident that our Leaders now sitting in it, have received from Him all Right and Supreame Authority to Order all things without controule within this Kingdom. This their Right and Authority is setled upon the Undoubted faithfulnesse and fulness of Counsel, which is in their Assembly; and is backed with all Competency of outward Meanes and Instruments; to attend the execution of their decrees, which this Nation is furnished withall, as much as any in the World. Nor is there any Power apparent, or in being, able to let or hinder any thing, which upon mature Deliberation they shall determine to bee done. They are not limited to any Objects of Deliberation, but such as they shall propose unto themselves; and such no doubt they will take readily into consideration, which shall be: offered unto them, by fit Instruments, and in a fit way for the best Ends: Therefore if these Objects can be but fitly insinuated unto those that are most Conscionable, grave and zealous [catchword: for]
[p. 28]
for the Publike Good and Glory of this Nation, that by their Meanes others may bee seasoned throughly with this necessity of Aiming at such a Reformation (as being the Main Service wherunto God doth call Us at this time) and if upon such an effectuall insinuation the Way to introduce and settle by little and little the performance and exectuion of these Duties by Authority of Parliament, can be proposed void of all exception; there is no cause to doubt of the successe of this Enterprise in due time. All the matter of difficulty will bee in these Two Things: First, How to make the Proposall free from Prejudice, and from the respects of Humane Partiality. And Secondly, How to bring the Way of Deliberating upon these matters in the Houses; into a just frame and course, which may at fit seasons and intervalls be continued and renewed to carry on the Designe with that stedfastnesse which the importance of the Worke deserveth. And truly whether we look upon God, or upon the Work, or upon our Unselted Condition, or upon the Parliament and the Power and Abilities in it, which are under God to be the Meanes of our Happy Settlement, there can be nothing conceived or [catchword: proposed]
[p. 29]
proposed of greater importance, and more befitting the thoughts of Wise and Conscionable Men in Parliament, then the Determination of these Duties. If therefore any respect either to God, or to Our selves, or to Posterity, can raise Mens thoughts above Particular and Private Interests, to minde the settlement of a Publike Good, in a Way which is unblamable, the worth of these Duties, and the obligation whereby God doth engage Us all, but chiefly our Leaders to desire the fulfilling of them should raise both their and our thoughts to the entertaining of such deliberations. Certainly Gods Aime in bestowing upon Us this Parliament, and upon the Parliament all Power and Ability to Act whatever it will in the Kingdom, is none other then this, to make them and Us, under Himself Instrumentall in Our owne Felicity, by serving him in his Kingdom: but if we should not care to minde the settlement of his Kingdome amongst Us, are we not unworthy of all these blessings? And shal they not be taken from Us deservedly? if wee serve ourselves only; or a particular Party of Men which wee affect; with our Interest in the Publike Power, and if we can make Use of the Meansw which [catchword: wee]
[p. 30]
we are intrusted withall, and set our thoughts onely to finde Wayes thereby to make Our selves and Our Party great: we shall be found in the day of Accounts Unfaithfull Stewards, and naughty Servants to so good a Lord and Master. For it is most Undeniably apparent, that these forementioned Duties are the true and proper workes of his service whereunto wee are called: and the onely Meanes to deliver Us from the danger of our Confusions, will bee to Deliberate maturely of the performance therof. Therefore as Mordecai said to Ester in another case, so we may say with a small charge of the exprssion, to those that sit in Parliament. He said to her, And who knoweth whether thou art come to the Kingdome for such a time as this? But we must say to Our Senators, And Who knoweth not, that the Kingdome is come unto You for such a Work as this? Theretore You are bound to mind it, and use Meanes to advance it; and if You will not, know neverthelesse that this dispensation is committed unto You; and that God will find some others to do this Work without You; but that You and the People which is led out of this Way, will certainly be destroyed. But wee will cheerfully [catchword: Hope,]
[p. 31]
Hope, and by the Grace of God confidently Expect that upon a more full discovery and faithfull Insinuation of the Way How to proceed in the prosecution of this Enterprize: there will bee no neglect in the Undertaking, nor impediment in the execution. Let Us then proceed to the Fourth and Last Point in hand, to shew How the Parliament should apply their Authority, Counsell and Abilities, to the accomplishment of these Duties; and this we shal intend to doe (if God permit) by shewing the true Contrivement, the right Use, and the incredible Advantages and Benefits of an Office of Publike Addresse,which may be easily and without delay erected and set afoot among Us.
--------------------------------------------------------
                    Of the Fourth.
THe Honourable Houses of Parliament are the Great Committee of the whole Kingdom for the Universall Reformation therof: and by the Deputation of Power given to them in their Members, from every part of the Kingdom, the whole Power of all is contracted in their Body, as in the Headship of the Nation; for Counsell and Justice and from thence [catchword: all]
[p. 32]
all Power hath again an influence upon every part of the Kingdome as need required. Now by vertue of this Supremacy of Power summed up in them, and in reference to the necessity of things to bee done under them; they have a right to confer Power, and make deputations of Authority unto others to Act for a Reformation, so as by them they shal be directed: nor is it lawfull for any without leave and commission from them, to act towards a Reformation in a Publike Way; so that properly the Worke of Reformation is radically seatee in the Body of the Houses, and no Committee can bee with any just title termed a Colmmittee for Reformation, but the Houses themselves, because none have any right to minde and act a Reformation in the Generall but They. Yet this notwithstanding it is Lawful no doubt for all men to entertaine the thoughts and wishes of a Generall Reformation; and would to God every one in his place were acting something, as a preparative towards it, more then seemes to be intended. If then it should be moved,that the Houses would depute some of their Members (without excluding any from partaking of the same cares) to mind not so much a particu- [catchword: lar]
[p. 33]
lar Taske in the work of Reformation (which is Ordinary in the appointment of all Committees) as to seek out the Generall Rules and Maximes by which the Course of a setled Reformation should be steered & guided at all times: that those Maximes might be proposed and debated in the Houses, and laid as Grounds of the Righteous Wayes by which all their Government is to be established under God: I suppose it would bee a great advantage both to their proceedings in Counsel, and to the direction of all such as being subordinate unto their Power desire to act knowingly according to their just intentions. For the Main Fundamentall Rules of all just proceedings once being setled and received; not only the Subordinate Agents, but the Senators themselves in doubtfull Cases of Advice, will be therby able to find Light what to resolve upon; and in dark matters of Judgement they will be directed thereby, What Sentence to give Conscionably according to their own Uncontroulable Principles.
    This Committee for Rules of Reformation should have power, and be ordered to call unto them for Consultaton the most Learned Godly, and Experienced Divines of the Kingdome; [catchword: whether]
[p. 34]
whether in or out of the Assembly; to put them upon the thoughts of Resolving such Queries and Doubts from the Word of God and cleer Principles of Reason, as they shall think fit to propose unto them for the framing of those Maximes of Reformation, which they shall prepare to be proposed unto the Houses; to be upon debate received, as Universall Rules to walk by, in the pursuit of such an Evangelicall Settlement and Reformation as wee should now aime at.
     And although Men be never so able in Parts, never so much read in all Authors, never so deeply grounded in all Sciences, never so largely experienced in all Affairs, and never so much seen in all the world, and consequently every way as much qualified as men can be for a work of such high Consequence as this will be to this State; yet except they have some helps to enable them, to look upon Matters neer at hand, & with some speciall relation to the changes of Times, Things, Persons, and Occasions, whereunto their endeavours are to be applyed (that they may discern the native properties thereof by all Circumstances discoverable) they wil be but like Physitians, who without regard to the [catchword: particular]
[p. 35]
particular Symptomes of their Patient, prescribe a generall Remedy for the disease, which seldome is effectuall to work a good or speedy Cure; and if it doth any good, it is to be ascribed rather to chance then wisdome. For the Theoretical part of general Rules may by Men of abilities bee delivered at large, but to make them Pratically appliable for the Main End of an Effectuall Reformation unto a State that is lyable (as all States are) unto perpetuall changes; is the Matter, which the Wisdome of this Committee should mainly apply themselves unto, which necessarily requires a speciall Insight and Discoverr of Affaires neer at hand. Therefore if to these Men, and to all others of the Parliament that dewire to looke fullya and fundamentally into the Affaires og this Kingdom, and of this Church in al the Members and Motions therof, and into the Affairs of Neighbour Churches and States as they may relate towards these, to be able to Compare and lay things together: (If I[altered to Wee] say, to thesec Men) a Help can be given whereby they shall be inabled to look not onely upon the Outward Parts, but as it were, upon the very Anatomy of all the inward bowels of the Church and State as they [catchword: are]
[p. 36]
are at all times; and from time to time existent in their native features and lineaments, and upon all the Vitall Motions and Actions of these Parts and Bowels; If I[altered to We] say againe, an easie Help can be found for such a discovery, wil it not be an exceeding great advantage to them to open their eyes in al Counsels and Resolutions? Certainly it will; and such as shall have this insight in matters, will bee able upon all occasions to walke, as it were, at noon day in the light, when others will be constrained to doe things but at randome, and grope in difficult Cases, as it were for the wall at midnight. Now this helpe may be had in an Office of Spirituall and Temporall Addresses, whereunto all Men for their own Convenience, Advantage and Profit, will bee made willing, and invited to repaire as to a Common Center of Repose wherein they may expect satisfaction for all their Lawfull desire, so much as may be had by any Humane Contrivance in a wel-ordered Common-wealth.
     And to make this apparent that an Office may be erected to this effect, which may bee of Infinite Usefulness to the State, and especially to the Work of Reformation, We shall ende- [catchword: vour]
[p. 37]
vour to set down the Sum of it; together with the right Uses thereof; and the Way by which it may be established easily and without noise or delay.
-------------------------------------------------------
               Of the Office of Address
     Wee would advice then that a Certaine Place should be designed by the Authority of the State, whereunto all Men might freely come to give Information of the Commodities which they have to be imparted unto others; and some body should bee set in that Place to receive these Informations to the end that he may give address to every one that shall repaire to him, to make enquiry for such Commodities, Where and How to finde the same. His proper Charge then and Duty should bee to inable himselfe to direct all men to the attainment of such desirable things, as the Society of Mankind in the Common-wealth where he lives can comfortably yeeld unto them: so that this Office should bee erected properly for the Relief of Humane Necessities; and to accomplish the effect of a wel-ordered Society; that all things which are Usefull and profitable [catchword: in]
[p. 38]
in a Common-wealth for Publick and Private Accommodation, & the Contentation of Soul and Body, being known where they are to bee found, such as stand in need therof may know whither to repair to get speedy notice therof, how to come by them lawfully. As for example: A man of good parts would fain serve a Master, Hee comes to the Office and enquires whether it knows of any Gentleman that desires a Servant; if the Register of the Office can tell him of any, he gives him Addresse where to find him: if he can tell him of none, then he should leave his name to be Registred with a Memoriall expressing his desire, and the place of his abode, and such other Circumstances as he shall thinke fit to inform the Office of, that as soon as any doth inquire for a Man of his quality, hee may be directed to him. In the like manner a Gentleman desires a servant of such and such qualities, hee comes to the office to inquire after one, and the Master of Addresses should be able to tell him whether or no, and where any is to be found: and in case none is to bee found or known at present, then the Gentleman leaves a Memoriall to bee kept for an Addresse to any that may afterward present himselfe. [catchword: And]
[p. 39]
And when these that have made enquiry for some Commodity have gotten it by the Addresse of the Office, they should bee obliged within the space of 24 hours to give notice thereof unto the office; that the Register may be disburdened of their Memoriall, lest some body be addressed in vaine unto them. Suppose a Man would let out his house or his ground at a certain rent, or sell it, another would faine take a house or parcell of ground for rent, or buy it; both these run up and down and make enquirie here and there at adventures for that which they want, and perhaps never light one upon another, till the convenient season bee past, and they for want of Accommodation have taken some courses lesse advantageous for their Affaires, then their mutuall encounter would have been; but if the Master of Addresse had been informed of both their desires, hee would have instantly directed the one of them to the other, by which meanes both would have been accommodated. And thus in all other Cases Whatsoever, which fal within the Compasse of Humane Conveniences, which the Society of men in a Commonwealth can affoord for Contentation of the mind in Spirituall or [catchword: Bodi-]
[p. 40]
Bodily Concernments. From whence we may see that such an Office will be the onely Proper Remedy and Help to that disorderly and confused condition of Life wherin we may lye for want of profitable Contrivements begetting sociable encounters and communications. And if we will consider, that nothing doth make nature fruitfull in all things, but the onely Addresse of Proper Agents to their Patients to cause them meet seasonably together; and that nothing doth cause Trade flourish in great Cities, so much as the Use of Exchanges and Meeting Places, where Merchants may come together at certain times to transact Matters; and that without this Convtrivement of Mutual Converse, all Trade would bee so clogged and retarded, that it would be almost impossible to bring businesses to any issue Conveniently and in due time: If, Wee say, we consider this, we shall find that what Conveniency the Use of Exchange-meetings doth bring to a Particular sort of Men who are called merchants; the same, and farre greater will this Office bring to the whole Society of all Men, for all their Mutuall Occasions and Accommodation wherein they have need to incounter with one another; so [catchword: that]
[p. 41]
that this Office will be a Center of all Mens satisfactions to gaine their Interest in each other for mutuall help. The Advantage which Posthouses and Exchange-places since they have been in Use (for of Old they were not) have brought unto those that trade, and to all Mens private dispatches are almost innumerable; but the Advantages, which such an Office as this is, will bring to the Society of Manking, will bee altogether innumerable; for all that which is good and disirable in a whole Kingdome may be by this means Communicated unto any one that stands in need thereof; and if it is evident that the benefit of Mutuall Communication in good things is the Chief fruit of all Society; and that to facilitate the Wayes therof unto a People, is one of the Chiefe Duties of a faithfull Magistrate, whereby hee may make himselfe Powerfull, and his People Happy, whereby he may addresse all Men to profitable Employments; and know what every ones employments are, and by this Meanes be able to prevent and rectifie an infinite number of disorders which arise in a State to the great disadvantage therof, for want of such Employments as the idle People might be put to. Therfore it [catchword: be-]
[p. 42]
belongs to none but to a supreame Magistrate to establish such an Office, and to Order it for the proper Ends and Uses whereunto it should serve.
     Let it then have Two parts or Branches: the One for Bodily, the Other for Spirituall Matters, and these should have each of them a Warden or Master of their severall Addresses, who should be Regulated and directed in their Ways by such Constitutions and Orders, which should prevent all danger of Abuses, and make them Unblamable and Comfortably Serviceable to every one.
     The Office of Bodily Addresses, should bee appointed to Meddle with al Outward Things concerning this present life, for the relations of men to each other in worldly Concernments, and may be called the Addresse of Accommodations. But the Office of Spirituall Addresses should bee appointed to meddle with all Inward things concerning the Soules of Men, and the Wayes whereby they may be helpfull one to another in Matters relating the same, which may be called, The Addresse of Communications. Their Main and proper Objects of Employment will bee different; but their Ends and [catchword: Wayes]
[p. 43]
Wayes to doe service will be the same, and some things Collaterall to their Main Objects, will be common to both, and in these Collaterall Matters, they should be appointed to keep Mutuall Correspondency with each other for the Advancement of their Publick Services.
     The Office-bearer in each of these Offices should be warranted and authorized, each in his Sphere to make Inventaries, and keep Registers of all Commodities, Persons, Employments, Offices, Charges and Things which are Actually in being, and usefully considerable in the Common-wealth, and which may be a matter of information to any for Addresse to that which hee is any kinde shall enquire after. Of these Inventaries and Registers some should be Perpetuall standing and the same; so farre as the things which they containe are existent in the Common-wealth; but some other Registers and Bookes must bee kept for Information. These Occasionall Registers (for so they should bee called) should be of Two Sorts; the One Com- [catchword: mon]
[p. 44]
mon and open to all to be lookt upon, containing the Summary Intimation of that whereof Information is to be given, to such as shall desire it. The other secret, and reserved for more speciall Use, containing the particular point of that Addresse, which is to bee given to such as stand in need to be informed of it.
     Besides these Registers which will admit of some further Subdivisions, there must be Alphabeticall Tables of the Heads of matters; wherof Informations are to bee given both for Accommodations and Communications, so as may be needfull, which should be openly hung up in the office-House with a Reference to the Register-bookes: and some of these Tables must be perpetual and standing Unchangeably; Others must bee, as the occasionall Register-bookes will be, alterable.
     The Office of Addresse for Accommodation, although it may be exceeding usefull unto all, and can be prejudiciall to none, if he, that is intrusted therewith, will not purposely abuse his trust; yet it will bee above all others most usefull for the Poore, to help them to employment and to distinguish the Industrious from the Idle: and for the Supreme Magistracy in [catchword: all]
[p. 45]
all purposes of State, but chiefly in that of a healthfull Reformation: because it may be in his hand (if he will make use of it) an Engine to reduce all into some Order which is confused; and to discover what the Chief Inconveniences of the Subjects are, which are to be Remedied, which Two Things are the Pillars of an outward Reformation. The other Particular Uses of this Office of Accommodations, with the Way to Regulate it, to Oversee it, & to Improve the Advantages, which it will yield to the State in matters of Publike Consultation, and in Cases of Resolution to bee taken concerning Neighbour Nations in times of Peace and Warre, need not here to be mentioned distinctly. A Man of Wisdome by that which hath been said, will easily discern this, and in due time Particulars may be mentioned, when it shall be requisite.
     The Office of Addresse for Communications, is as far beyond that of Accommodations in Usefulnesse, as the Matters of the Mind are above those of the Body. It is then to bee erected for Addresses and Informations in matters of Religion, of Learning, and of all Ingenuities, which are Objects of Contemplation [catchword: and]
[p. 46]
and delight unto the Mind, for their strangenesse and usefulnesse unto the life of Man. The Warden of this Office should be authorized to have and keep not onely all manner of Registers, Inventaries, Catalogues and Lists containing the Peculiar Objects wherof he should furnish Information for Addresse to such as shall desire it (such as have been mentioned heretofore, and named, Perpetuall and Occasionall Registers) but hee should bee Authorized also to negotiate for Spirituall Intelligence; and to maintaine a Correspondency and Learned Trade with all Men of Abilities within and without the Kingdome, about the things belonging to the Spehere of his Office; so that he should be allowed not onely to give Information of things elsewhere to be found, (which is properly the works of Common Addresses) but also of that, which should be allowed to gather up and keep concerning all Matters of Religion, Learning and Ingenuities, as a peculiar Stock belonging to his Office, to communicate the same by way of Spirituall Trade and Commerce to whomsoever he should think fit and expedient, onely for [catchword: the]
[p. 47]
the Ends wherunto his Commerce in this kind is to be directed.
          Now the Ends should be these:
     First, in Matters of Religion hee should intend, 1 To Facilitate the Meanes of Rectifying Mistakes, and of Preventing the Increase of Divisions and Disorders about Matters of Dispute whether in Opinion or practise. 2 To stirre up and waken the sense and love of Piety, of Charity, and of the profession of Edifying Knowledge in the Minds of all Men without partiality.
     Secondly, in Matters of Humane Sciences, the End of his Negotiation should be, 1 To put in Practice the Lord Verulams Designations, De Augmentis Scientiarum, amongst the Learned. 2 To help to perfit Mr. Comenius Undertakings, chiefly in the Method of Teaching. Languages, Sciences, and of Ordering Schooles for all Ages and Qualities of Scholars.
     Thirdly, in the Matters of Ingenuity his End should be to offer the most profitable Inventions which he should gaine, unto the benefit of the State, that they might be Publikely made use of, as the State should think most expedient.   [catchword: And]
[p. 48]
     And that he may bee able to proceed cleerly and worke towards these Ends effectually, Certain Rules and Directions should bee given him, whereby he should be instructed and obliged to walke in is Calling Unpartially, and answerable to the Scope of Common Edification. So then his Office of Communication should be made a Center and Meeting-place of Advices, of Proposalls, of Treaties and of all Manner of Intellectuall Rarities freely to bee given and received, to and from, by and for all such as may think themselves concerned to receive or to give notice of the best Helpes and Overtures, and of the most Profitable Undertakings, Discoveries, and Occurrences; wherby Godlinesse, Truth, and peace, and all the Ways and Means tending to the harmlesse Advancement of Divine and Humane Wisdome and Perfections may be set forward in Church and Common-wealth.
     His way of Negotiating should be free and obliging, hee should make his Addresse towards all that are of eminent Parts, or of any singular Abilities and Straines; whether in Publike Places or not; within or without the Kingdome; to give them some Objects to [catchword: work]
[p. 49]
work upon, and exercise thir faculties in; that the gifts of one may be provoked and stirred up by another, according to the difference or similitude of their Strines; to the end that all Knowledge may abound in Love, and the discovery of one may be provoked and stirred up by another, according to the difference or similitude of their Straines; to the end that all Knowledge may abound in Love, and the discovery of one Truth may beget another. Thus Forainers may be made partakers of Domestick, and such as are at home, of Forain Straines; that all may in their severall Abilities be set a worke, and contribute unto the Stock of Learning, that which may be usefull to every one, in their severall Occassions: And amongst all other his speciall Correspondency should bee with the Chiefe Libary-keepers of all places, whose proper employments should bee to Trade for the Advantages of Learning and Learned Men in Bookes, and M.S. to whom he may apply himselfe to become beneficiall, that such as Mind the End of their emplyment may reciprocate with him in the way of Communication.
     But to improve the fruit of this Agency, both for the Advancement of our owne Reformation, and for the Generall Advancement of Learning; hee should bee obliged from time to time: [catchword: First,]
[p. 50]
     First, to impart the Profit of all his Purchases, and the Substance of all his discoveries (especially concerning Religion, and State or Church Government) unto the Committee for Rules of Reformation; whose Wisdome should direct them to revise every two or three Moneths once; the State of his Negotiation, to take the creame of it for their Use, and to direct him in the prosecuting of his Purchases and Communications, for the better Advantage of the Publique.
     Then Secondly, hee should yearly once at a certaine time bee obliged to give up the account of his Annuall Negotiation, to the professors of all Sciences in both Universities, and to the Heads and Masters of Colledges and Halls, who should bee made a Speciall Committee and appointed, according to their severall Faculties, or all jointly to meet, and to take into Consideration the things which he shall produce: that such peeces as shal deserve to bee put into the Publike Libraries, to bee made Common unto Scholars, or otherwise published in Print for the benefit of every one, may be their advice bee applyed unto their proper Uses; for the advancement of [catchword: Divine]
[p. 51]
Divine and Humane Learning, according to the Counsell and Design of the Lord Verulam, to whose structure, by their joint advice, every yeare some stones should bee added. And to this effect a more speciall Way of Concurrence and Correspondency amongst the professors and Heads of Colledges themselves should in due time bee contrived and proposed.
     Hitherto wee have considered these Offices of Addresse in their Intrinsecall Frame and Usefulnesse, whereby they may bee serviceable unto all degrees and qualities of Persons; but especialy unto the designes which the Parliament should Advance for our compleate Reformation: Now one word more is to bee added concerning the Extrinsecall Frame and Constitution thereof, and then We have done.
     In the Affaires of this world, where Instruments and Agents must be employed, nothing can bee done without Expences. Men must live in the Body, and Money must answer for all; nor can those that serve the Publick (although they may bestow freely their own paines, without cost to the Publique, yet they cannot command others) without Meanes [catchword: maintain]
[p. 52]
maintaine those whom they must set a worke, and without whose helpe the businesse cannot proceed. Therefore as it is just so it is necessary that the Employments which redound to the benefit of all, should be maintained by Publick Revenues.
     And as there is no Charity so commendable, as that which reacheth unto All, and doth conferre or proucre the benefits which without all comparison are the best, so there is nothing so answerable to the Duty, and so commendable, and so commendable in the care of a Christian Magistrate, as to bestow his Charity upon such Objects. And although the maintaining of these Offices of Addresse in one respect may bee commended to the State, as the greatest Worke of Charity, which can bee bestowed upon the whole Nation, that is upon themselves in their members, yet in another respect the Charges which will bee laid out this way by them, will bee found the most profitable and richest Trade that they can drive, to increase their owne worldly Substance: For it will direct them both to preserve without losse, and mannage all that they have within the Kingdome to the best advantage; and al- [catchword: so]
[p. 53]
so to increase their Stock every way by all the Negotiations which are afoot amongst their Subjects, within themselves, or towards their Neighbour-Nations. So then there is nothing more Just, nothing more Charitable, and nothing more Profitable in order to Trade it self, then to bestow that cost which will bee necessary to maintaine these Offices, and the Agents belonging unto them.
     The First Thing then which is to bee bestowed upon them is a House in a place which shall bee found for each of them most convenient. And for the Addresse of Accommodations, no doubt London will bee the most Centrall place. But for the Addresse of Communicaitons, Oxford should bee made the Center, besides other Reasons for this, because the Great Library being there, more Strangers for it resort thither, and the Keeper thereof may bee a great helpe unto the Negotiation of the Warden of Addresses for Spirituall Matters.
     The Warden of the London Office should bee furnished with a House and Meanes to set up and furnish his Office with all Necessaries; to him Maintenance should bee allowed to attend his Charge without distraction; and [catchword: be-]
[p. 54]
because his worke will be principally to oversee his Clerkes, and to make Observations of Matters for the States benefit and Information; he should be free from all other Employments, except that which is proper and subordinate unto the Charge of Addresses, or Collaterall thereunto in the Way of Trading, and Employing People that are out of employment. His Clerkes may be sworne unto Him, and Hee to the State, to bee faithfull according to the directions which should bee given him. The Clerkes should have some Competency allowed them, that without incroaching upon the Subject, or burdening the worke of Addresse, they may be able to live; and if any benefit bee allowed them out of the Worke which they doe, it should bee no more at the most, but a penny or two, for some Extract in Writing, to bee given in matters of profit, by such as are rich; but to the Poore all is to bee done freely; and if any Clerke bee convicted to have refused to communicate the Addresse which shall bee desired of him by any, hee shall bee most severly punished and lose his place without mercy. And as the Warden of Addresses for Accommodation is over his [catchword: Clerkes,]
[p. 55]
Clerkes, so over Him some others should have an inspection to this intent, to see Matters carryed faithfully and truly for the Publique Good, to helpe the Warden with Advice and Counsell in Cases of Importance; and to consider the Occasions of his Ordinary and Extraordinary Expences (if any should be for the State) that some way may bee thought on to refound the same unto Him, as is just, and to this effect some Revenue of the State should be named to beare such burdens.
     The Warden of the Oxford Office may have some Colledge of Hall appointed for his Office-place; and the Revenues thereof for his maintenance to support him in his Charge. His Clerkes that keep his Registers, should bee maintained under him, and also such as he shall have need of for his Negotiation to Copie out Matters, to write Letters for Correspondency as hee shall direct them; and to give Extracts freely to all such as hee shall appoint them to give unto.
     And as without his knowledge and appointment the Clerkes for his peculiar Negotiation should not bee permitted to impart any thing to any, so the other Clerkes must be obliged [catchword: to]
[p. 56]
to deny nothing unto any that shall desire Information of things Contained in the Standing and Occasionall Registers.
     The Extraordinary Expences which he shal bring to the States account, the Committee of Professors and Heads of Colledges shall consider and allow to bee paid, as they shall see Cause, out of some Revenue which may bee designed for such an Use. And seeing there can be nothing proposed of a more Publique and Usefull nature, then this worke is; We suppose it would bee an injury done to the zeale and integrity of this Parliament, which hath received so many blessings at Gods hand, which is so deeply engaged to his service; and which hath undertaken so great things, and so succesfully advanced our Reformation so far hitherto; to think that such an Enterprise as this, will not finde favour in their eyes, and sufficient Meanes to support the Charges necessary for the Undertaking and prosecuting thereof. For suppose the Charges should bee farre greater then at first they need to bee (because a small foundation may give a beginning to this work) yet what difficulty can there bee to allow them, where so many and large Revenues are [catchword: by]
[p. 57]
by Gods Providence for such Ends abundantly put into their hands, and cannot justly bee otherwise disposed of then to Publique Uses? The Ecclesiastical Estates and Revenues, which are so Vast, and now to bee disposed of, to what Publique Uses can they bee more profitably applyed, then to the Advancement of the Wayes of Piety and Learning? And if in processe of time the Occasions in this Worke of Publike Expences grow greater (as no doubt they will, when the Communication being inlarged, the benefit thereof will invite all the Learned to a Concurrence) then also more Meanes may be raised to beare the same, which divers wayes may bee effected; whereof wee shall not need to speak; but to make Way for the increase of a Competent Stock hereafter in due time, Feoffees in trust may bee appointed by the Houses, to receive such Legacies, Donations and Contributions which will cheerfully proceed from the Charity and zeal of the lovers of Religion and Learning towards the Maintenance of a Trade for the Advancement of the same.
     Now to have the matter carryed on easily and without delay. It should bee imparted [catchword: unto]
[p. 58]
unto all, or as many as are eminently and truly zealous for the Glory of God, that are free from Selfe-ends and partiality, and that Love Learning, and have power with others in the Houses. If not all but onely three or foure of these bee throughly possessed with this design; and they can bee brought to lay their Heads together, to move for the Erecting of such an Office in the houses, and get the Contrivement therof Referred unto some few, who for Piety, Prudency, and Learning are most commendable unto all, no doubt the thing may bee speedily brought to passe, and a foundation laid which by the accomplishment of our Reformation will bee a blessing unto all Posterity: Whereunto our prayers shall be offered as a daily Sacrifice, and what else God shall inable us to contribute; to whom the successe of all our Wishes is to bee referred in Christ; to Him bee Glory and Honour for ever. Amen
                    Psal. 50.23
Hee that Ordereth his Conversation aright, shall see the Salvation of God. [catchword: Philip.]
[p. 59]
                    Philip.4. 8
Whatsoever things are true, whatsoever things are honest, whatsoever things are just, whatsoever things are lovely, whatsoever things are of good report; if there be any Vertue, and if there be any praise, thinke on these things.
                      Anno 1647.