The Hartlib Papers

Title:Copy Memorandum In Hand A?, On Goubart'S Shorthand Writing

                Mr Goubarts Short Writing
      Vsefull for the description of all Langvages.
[left margin:] Numbers.
Numbers being the ground of the worke, have endeavoured to reduce the 10. first numbers in the shortest figures, which finde in the Sections of the Circle thus [4 symbols] at [series of symbols] to express, 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Which either by Composition & apposition, would expresse all other numbers, as 627, thus [symbol] or [symbol] & so of all others as 542602 [symbol] 32682 [symbol]. Yet being in hopes to contract them shorter, made a dissection, not only of the perfect circle, but also of Circular figures, to attaine from 1. to 100 in single figures thus O from 1 to 10. [symbol] from 11. to 20. [symbol] from 21. to 30. [symbol] from 31. to 40. [symbol] from 41. to 50. [symbol] from 51. to 60. [symbol] from 61. to 70. [symbol] from 71. to 80 [symbol] from 81. to 90. [symbol] from 91. to 100. The divisions of O thus [symbols] for 1234. [symbols] for 5 6 [symbols] for 7 8. & [symbols] for 9. 10. O thus divided [series of symbols] & of all the rest.
[left margin:] Writing.
   For the expression of all words I have hered a dictionary of words, each word its character compounded of said numbers with some few characters retained from the short writing authors [u? abbreviation?]: & for the flexions in cases & conjugations, doe vse characters disjunct from the maine character of the word, as for cases the disjoyned characters: will serve the Masculine    singular o plurall, [symbol] serves the fæminine, [symbol] singular, [symbol] plurale [symbol] neuter. As for conjugations [symbol] will signifie Amo, [symbol] amabam, &c. [symbol] amavero [symbol] amor [symbol] amabar. &c. The places of this disjuncts are thus in declinations, Homo is expressed thus [symbol] nominative, [symbol] hominis [symbol], homini, [symbol] hominem, [symbol], homo [symbol] homine [symbol] In plurall the like [symbol] homines [symbols] & so of all others. The Conjugations thus, [symbol] for amo, as [symbol] amo, [symbol] amas, [symbol] amat, [symbol] amamus, [symbol] amatis, [symbol] amant, amabo [symbol], amabis [symbol], amabimus [symbol] &c: Which in the Pater noster thus.
[2 lines of symbols]
Although I can thus expresse all Langvages, yet I find this inconvenience, that a compounded name or Verbe, shall have a character altogether strange from its primitive. On the Contrarie if I expresse the compounds with numbers, relating to the primitives[mark above word?], I find my character too much increased, for I would have the greatest character not to consist of above two single numbers joyned, or one in another, as [symbol?] grammer, consisting of 5334. Persona [symbol] [8652?]. &c; besides the compounds of one Langvage, doe not altogether correspond with the compounds of another. I confesse, the things which have relation one to another, might helpe very much in the remembrance of Characters, as [symbol] or 902, signifies a moneth, than [symbol] might signifie March, or the first Moneth, & so of all the rest, as [symbol] April. [symbol] May [symbol] June [symbol] Julie, [symbol] Aug: [symbol] Sept: [symbol] Octob. [symbol] Nov: [symbol] Dec: [symbol] Janu: [symbol] Febr. For expression of numbers I place them above the line, as [symbols] in the 1656th yeare of the Worlds, Creation. &c:

  After this manner is it needfull to have 2. lexicons for every Langvage & a Grammer or Rules as well for writing or reading the same characters, as also to give notice how Adjective agrees with Substantives in every Langvage. As for the expression of phrases, will hardly bee done this way, vnlesse the same bee appointed Peculiar figure.
  Now is my desire, before I take more paines about this business, to know whether others have no better way, which I willingly should embrace.