The Hartlib Papers

Title:Copy Treatise On Virginia In Scribal Hand ?, Anon
Dating:undated
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1               By his Majestys Counsell for
                         Virginia./
Wee take it to be generally knowne and beleived for an assured truth, That that porcion of the Continent of America (by the late <virgin> Queene of Blessed memory named Virginia) lying between the degrees of [space] and [space] of Northerly Latitude, is a Country naturally riche, spacious, and exceedingly well watred, very temperate, & healthfull to the Inhabitants, Abounding with as many naturall blessings, and replenished [catchword: with]
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with as goodly woods, and those full of deere and sundry other Beasts for mans sustenance, And the Seas and Riuers thereof (many therein being exceeding fayre and nauigable) as full of excellent fishe of diuers sorts, And both water and Land yeilding as greate variety of fowle, as anie Country is knowne to affoord in the world./
The scituation whereof, being neere the middest of the world, betweene the extremities of heate & cold, [catchword: seemeth]
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seemeth to partake of the benefitts of both And thereby becometh capable of the richest comodities of most parts of the earth: From whence ariseth our assurance, that (By the assistance of Skill and industry) those rich Furrs, Cordage, and other Comodities, which, with difficulty and danger wee now drawe from Russia, wilbe had in Virginia, and the parts adioyning, with ease and safety: And the Masts, Planks, and Bores,
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the Pitch & Tarr, the Pott ashes and Soapashes, the Hempe and Flax, which now are fetch'd from Norway, Denmark, Poland and Germany, will there [letter deleted] be had in aboundance: The Iron, which hath so wasted our English Woods, (that it selfe in short tyme muste decay together with them) is to bee had in Virginia (where wasting of Woods is an ease and benefitt to the Planter) for all good condicions, answerable to the best Iron of the World. <(And hauinge had profe of it) wherof proofe hath bene made.> The Wynes, Fruites & Salt [catchword: of]
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of Fraunce and Spayne; The Silkes of Persia and Italy, will be had also in Virginia, in noe kinde of worth inferiour, where are whole woods of many Miles together of Mulberry-Trees of the best kinds, the Naturall [left margin, deleted: +] food of the Silk-worme; And a multitude of other naturall comodities (dispersed vp and downe the diuers parts of the world) [left margin: 2 1] of Woodes, Rootes, and Berries for excellent Dyes, of Plants and other Drugs for Phisicall seruice, of sweete Woodes, Oyles, and Gums for Pleasure, and other vse, [catchword: of]
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of Cotton-wooll, silkgrasse and Sugar-Canes, will there also be had in aboundance, with many other; And for Corne, Cattle, and Fishe (which Three are the substance of the food of Man) in noe place better; The Graynes also of our owne Country prospering there very well; But theyr Maze, (being the naturall Grayne of Virginia) doth farr exceed in Pleasantnes, Strength, Fertillity & Generallity of Vse the Wheate of England. The Cattle which wee haue transported thither (being now growne neere to Fifteene hundred) doe become [catchword: much]
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much bigger of body, then the Breed from which they came: The Horses also (through the benefitt of the Climate & nature of their Feeding) more beautifull and fuller of Courage./ And such is the extraordinary fertillity of that Soyle, That the Does of theyr Deere (a species <kinde> differing from ours in England, yet noe way inferiour) yeild Two [left margin: 3 2] Fawnes at a Birth, <fawlinge>, and sometymes Three: And the Fishings, along the [left margin: +] Coasts as farr as at Cape Codd, within those limits, are in plenty of Fishe equall to those of Newfound-land, & in greatnes and goodnes much superiour. [catchword: And]
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And twice in the yeare to be taken in theyr going and returne, which is not elsewhere found in such plenty and variety. To conclude, wee cannot, But (out of certayne advertizments so often reiterated from thence; as well as by the constant relacions of many Hundreds now yearely returning) avowe, that it is a Country, which nothing but ignorance cann thinke ill of, and which noe man, but of a corrupt mind & ill purpose cann defame; which as it paralelleth the most opulent and rich kingdomes of the world, by lying in the same latitude with them, soe doth it promise vs richer Mynes of the best [catchword: and]
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And most desired Mettalls & (with them) when wee shalbe of sufficient strength to open and defend them: And for the passage thither, there is neither danger in the way, through the encountring of enemy or Pirate, nor meeting with Rocks or sholes, (by reason of the fayre and safe Roade <passadge> through the mayne Ocean) nor through the teadiousnes of the iourney, which by reason of better knowledges, then in former yeares (the fruite of tyme & obseruacion) is often made in [catchword: fewer]
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fewer weeks, then formerly it was wont to be in moneths; which (with the Blessing of God) produces, in the last Somer this effect; that in the Fleete of .9. Sayle of Ships, transporting 800 <700>. Passengers out of England and Ireland for Plantacion, but one, (in whose room another at Sea was borne) miscarried by the way: And after arivall, are convenient Lodgings now <in> buildinge[altered] <and> carefull attendances in guests howses, prouidinge[altered from prouided] for them, till those that ariue, cann prouide [catchword: for]
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for themselues./
In the two <three> last yeares of <1619.> 1620 and 1621, and till Iune last, (the tyme of 29 Moneths) haue bin prouided and sent for Virginia 32 <42 saly sayle of> shipps, with 2300 <3270.> Men and Weomen for Plantacion with requisite prouisions, wherein 800 <besides store of Cattel and in those shipps haue binne [aboue?] .1200.> Marriners haue beene ymployed besides store of Cattle, [left margin: 4 3.] <there hath alsoe binne Sent in those years> And besides Six <Nine> Ships in that tyme also sent to the Sumer Islands <with aboute .900. peopell to inhabite them> <with aboute> now <In which Shipps .240. Marrines were imployed> fully peopled and planted. In which which spare haue bin graunted 43 <aboue 50>
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43 <50> Patents to particular persons, for Plantacions in Virginia, who with their Associats haue vndertaken therein to transporte greate multitudes of people and cattle thither, which for the most part is since performed, and <the residue now> in preparing, As by the seuerall Declaracions of each in their particulers (manifested and approued in our generall and publique Quarter Courts) and for the fuller satisfaccion of all desirous to vnderstand the perticularities of such proceedings hath bin by [catchword: printing]
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printing commended[altered from compended] to the vnderstanding of all./
The letters written to vs from the Gouernor and Treasurer in Virginia in the beginning of Marche last, which in Aprill came to our hands, gaue vs assurance of ouercoming and bringing to perfeccion in this yeare, the Iron Workes, Glasse works, Salt Works, getting of store of Maize sufficient for our selues and for truck with the Natiues; Restraynt of the quantity of Tabacco, and amendment of it in [catchword: the]
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the quallity (learned by tyme & experience) The Planting of Vines & Mulberry=trees, (neere to theyr howses) Figtrees, Pomegranates, Potatoes, and Cottonwoollseeds; And of the erecting of a faire Inne in Iames Cittie for the better entertaynment of New Comers, where to, and to other publique Works, euery old Planter there offred freely & liberally to contribute, (wee write the words of their letters.) And how in a late discouery made a few moneths before by some of them, to the Southward, they had past [catchword: through]
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through great Forrests of Pynes .15. or 16. Miles broad and aboue .60. Miles long, very fitt for Masts for shipping, and for Pitch and Tarr; and of other sorts of Woods, fitt for Pottashes and Soapashes; And came vnto a fruitfull country, blessed with aboundance of Corne, reaped twice a yeare, <(within the lymits of virginia)> where also they vnderstood of a Copper Myne <a [word deleted] an Essay whereof was Sent, and vpon triall found heere, found to be very rich.> And mett with a greate deale of Silkgrasse there growing, and which monthly may be cutt; of which kinds, and Cotton wooll, all the Cambaya [catchword: and]
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and Bengala stuffs are made in the East Indies; And of which kinde of Silkgrasse was heretofore made a peece of Grogeram, giuen to Queene Elizabeth. [left margin: Herriotts booke.1585.] And how that in December last they had planted <and Cultivated> in Virginia, Vines of all sorts <prop (as well those naturally <there> growing in the as those other plants <sent> them from theise partes of Europe> Orange and Lemon trees, Sugar Canes, [Cassaui? altered] Rootes, (that made very good bread) Plantanes, Potatoes and sundry other Indian fruits and Plants not formerly seene in Virginia, which at the tyme of theyr sayd letters began to prosper very well: As also their Indico Seede, for the true cure whereof, wee haue late caused [catchword: a]
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a Treatise to be written./
The letters of Mr. Iohn Berkley sometimes of Beuerston Castle in the County of Glouctsester (a gentleman of an honourable family) did likewise assure vs, that a more fitt place for Iron workes (whereof wee had made him Master & Overseer) then in Virginia; both for Woods, Water, Mines, and Stone, was not to be found; And that by Whitsontide then next (now past) wee should rely vpon good quantities of Iron made [letter deleted] by him, which vpon the viewe of Mr. George Sandis, was by his letters of the tenth of March [catchword: last]
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confirmed to vs, That <wherin> he wrote That
     [severall lines blank]
The letters of the Frenchmen (Vigneirouns) by vs procured out of Fraunce and sent ouer into Virginia did likewise assertayne vs, that noe Country in the world was more proper for Vines, Silk, Oliues, Rice. &c. then Virginia, And that it farr excelled theyr owne Country, <of Langedocke.> The Vines there <of divers sortes> Being in aboundance naturally over all the [catchword: Country]
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Country <and they having planted Some Cuttings <of vines> at Michalmas last which they in the letters afferme to they this Spring have grapes that they boore grapes Allready this Spring to there grate wonder <as> being a thing they suppose never <not> heard of in any other place before Country> sent us with their letters <A tast of which Wine they made of the wild grape thy last yeare> with hope to send vs a good quantity this next Vintage; And that the Mulberry-trees where they aboad, were in wonderfull aboundance, and much excelling both in goodnes and greatnes those of theyr owne Country of Languedock <left margin: mulberies> <(and that those Silkwormes they have prosper exceeding well and Some Silke they hope to send vs this yeare there wanting nothinge to Sett with a Rich Commodity but store of hands)> of which also (as of a Plum there plentifully growing) they would make wholesome drincks for the Colony and People there./
The letters of Mr Porey late Secretary [catchword: there]
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there, (verified also from the Governor and Counsell) advertizes us of a late discouery by him and others of our people made into the Greate Bay Northward (reseruing the sownding of the Bottome thereof for a Second Voyage) where he lefte setled very happily neere 100. English, with hope of a good trade for Furrs there to be had, from where wee receiued some [left margin: 9.] <of that kind of Earth which we is called> Terra Lemnia <or Liggellata> (there to be had in greate aboundance) as good as that of Turky./
The last letters, which from Sir Francis Wyatt the Gouernour in Virginia (a [catchword: gent]
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gentleman of much worth and industry) wee receiued, dated in May last, did advertize vs, That when in Nouember before, he arriued in Virginia, and entered vpon his Governement, he found the Country settled in a peace, as all men there thought, sure and inviolable, not only because it was solemnly ratified <and sworne> and at the request of the Natiue Kinge stamped in Brasse, and fixed to the Temple <one of his oakes> of <note> his Idoll-Gods, but as being advantagious to both parts; to the [catchword: Sauags]
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Sauages as to the weaker, vnder which they were safely sheltered and defended; To us, as impossible <beinge the easiest way then thought> to pursue <and advance> our Proiects of buildings and plantings, and of seeking <better effectinge> their conversion in tyme of warr, In so much <by the peasiblest <peaceable> and fairest meanes: And Such was the Conteite of Conceite of firme pease and amity> as it was there growne a Prouerbe, you may walke every where with a white Wand in your hand, And as comonly practized, seldome or neuer a sword worne and a peece seldomer, except for a deere, or Fowle; By which assurance of security, the Plantations of particuler [catchword: Adventurers]
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Adventurers and Planters, were placed scatteringly and straglingly, as as <a> choice vayne of Rich ground invited them, And the farther from neighbours held the better; The howses generally without either lock or bolt, The Sauages freindly entertayned at the Tables of the Englishe and comonly lodged in their Bedchambers: The old Planters (as they thought, now come to reape the benefitt of their Long trauells) placed with wonderfull content vpon their private Diuidents, And the planting of particuler hundreds & Colonies [catchword: pursued]
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pursued with an hopefull allacrity; all our proiects (saith he) (hence deriued and enioyned) [left margin: 6] <in> a faire way; And (the crowne of all) their familiarity with the Natiues seeming to open a fayre gate for theyr conversion & Christianity; The Country being in this estate an occasion was ministred of sending to Opachankano the king about the middle of Marche last, what tyme the Messenger returned back with these words from him, That he held the peace concluded soe firme, as the Sky should sooner fall then it dissolue: Yea such was the treacherous dissimulacion [catchword: of]
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of that people (that <who> then had contriued our destrucion) That euen two dayes before the Massacre; some of our men were guided through the woods by them in safety, And one Browne who then <(to learn the language> liues amoungst the Warrascoyacks (a province of that kings) was in freindly manner sent back by them to Captain Hamor his Master, And manie the like passags, rather encreasing our former confidence, then any wise in the world ministring the least suspect of the breath of [catchword: the]
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the peace, or of what instantly ensued, yea, they borrowed our owne Boats to convey themselves crosse the Riuer (on the banks on both sides whereof all our Plantacions were) to consult of the Diuelish murder that ensued, And of our vtter extirpacion (which god of his mercy by the meanes of some of themselues converted to Christianity prevented) And as well on the Friday morning (the Fatall day) the 22th of Marche, as also in the Euening, as in other dayes before, they came [catchword: vnarmed]
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vnarmed into our howses, without Bows or Arrows or other Weapons, with deere, Turkies, Fishe <furrs> and other Prouisions to sell and truck with vs, for Glasse, Beades, and other Trifles, yea, in some places, sat downe at Breakfast and dyned with our people at their Tables, whome imediatly with theyr owne Tooles and weapons, either Laid downe or standing in theyr howses, they easely & barbarously murdered, (not sparing <either adge or sexes)> man, woman, or <and or> child, [left margin: 7] but how old, weake, fitte or yong soeuer, soe suddayne in [catchword: their]
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their cruell execucion, that fewe or none discerned the weapon or blowe that brought him to destruccion: In which manner, they also slew many of our people then at theyr seuerall works and husbandries in the fields and without their howses, some in planting corne & Tobacco, some in gardening, some in making brick, building, sowing and other works of husbandry & of the Field, They well knowing in what places and quarters eache of our men were, in regard of theyr dayly [catchword: familiarity]
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familiarity and resorte to vs for trading, and other negotiacions, which the more willingly was by vs continued and cherished, for the desire we had of effecting that greate Master peece of works, their conversion: And by this meanes, that fatall Friday morning there Fell vnder the bloudy and barbarous hands of that perfidious and inhumayne people, contrary to all lawes of God & Men, of nature and nations, [left margin: 8] divine & humane 329 <men Women and Children> by our owne weapons, whereof allmost all the one halfe were women and children <men Women and Children> <several deleted words illegible not being Content with the <prompt> death they most Savadgly mangeled there <dead> boddys, afterward peeces peeces dragging <and deriding> Some partes and Carring them a way in brutish and ba base triumpth> [left margin: +] [catchword: At]
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[left margin: +] At what time <2? words deleted> <the time of this massacre> there ware 3[altered from 4] <of our> Shipps in that Riuer <and one in the next River> and dayly more to come in, as .3. did within .14. dayes after, One of which <word deleted> they endeauored to haue surprized, but in vayne, as had also bin theyr whole attempt, had any the least foreknowledge bin, in those places where the Massacre was comitted, yet weare the hearts of the English euer stupid and auerted from beleiving any thing that might weaken theyr hopes of speedy winning the Sauags to Civillity and Religion by kinde vsage [catchword: and]
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and fayre conversing amongst them: Hee and the <whole> Counsell write further (which our selues also assuredly beleeue) That allmighty God hath his greate worke to doe in this Tragedy, and will thereout drawe honour & glory to his greate name, safety & a more flourishing estate to themselues, & the whole Plantacions there, and the more speedy conversion <of the children> of those Sauags to himselfe, since he soe miraculosly preserued soe many of the English; <there being god be praysed nine <aboue [seauen? altered] partes of ten <twelue[altered]> still Safe remaining> whose [left margin: 10] desire to drawe those people (vnworthy of breath or to be termed a people) [catchword: to]
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to Religion, semeth <semeth> <3? words deleted> (by the careles neglect of their owne safeties) to haue ben <2? words deleted> <to be> the greatest cause <ensuing> of theyr owne destruction; And therefore not altogether displeasing to his Majesty since <yeat> it pleased him <god> to vse <some of> them as Instruments to saue many of their liues, <whose soules they have formerly saved,> as at Iames Citie, <and other places,> at Sandy Point, at Blunt-Point, And the Pinnace trading in Pamunke[altered from Patawmack] River, All whose liues were saued by <a> converted Indiane, disclosing the Plott in the instant, (whereof though our sinns (say they) made vs vnworthy <namely> to be instruments of [catchword: soe]
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soe glorious <a> conversion <in generall>; yet his infinite wisedome cann bring it to passe <2? words deleted> in <with some more of them and with others in> in his good tyme, & by such meanes as wee thinke most vnlikely for <For euen in the deliuery of vs that now survive no> noe mans particuler carefullnes saued any one persons, <life of oures> but the meere goodnes of himselfe freely preserued <and miraculously> whome it pleased him./
The letters of Mr. George Sandis, a worthy gentleman and Treasurer there, likewise haue advertized vs (as many others from other particuler persons of note & worth) besids the relations of many of late returned in the Sea Flower, The Shipp that brought [catchword: vs]
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vs this vnwelcome newes, whose relacions wee haue heard at large in our publique Courts, That whilst all their affayres were full of successe, and such intercourse of familiarity, as if the Indians and themselues had Bin of one Nation, Those treacherous Natiues, after 4 <.5.> yeares peace by a generall combination plotted to subuert their whole Colony in one day <in one daie yea and at one instant of time: though our severall plantations were <were> .140 miles up one river on on booth sides.> Some entring their howses vnder colour of trucking, and soe taking their advantage, others drawing our men abroad upon fayre pretences, and the rest suddaynly [catchword: falling]
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falling vpon those that were at there labours, And that Mr Iohn Berkley <They [2 words deleted] certifie farther that besides Mr George Thorpe before mentioned, Mr Iohn Berkleie>, Mr Nathaniell Powell and his wife, The <the> Daughter of Mr William Tracy, and greate with child, And Mr. Maycock, all gentlemen of birth, vertue, and industry, and of the Counsell there, suffered vnder <this> their cruelty and treason: That the slaughter had bin [2 words deleted] vniuersall, if God had not put it into the heart of an Indian, belonging to one Perry to disclose it, who lying [catchword: in]
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in the howse of one Pace, was vrged by another Indian <his brother who Came the night before and> that lay with him, to kill Pace (so comaunded by the king as hee declared) As he would kill Perry, telling further that by such an hower in the morning, a nomber would come <from diuerse places> to finishe the execucion, who fayled not at the tyme. The <Perrys> Indian <who had binne in Ingland rose> roses out of his Bedd (the fruite of an Infidell couerted to Christianity who with his Master had bin in England and revealed it to Pace, that vsed him as a sonne <him as a sonne, whereby the rest of the colonie [9? words deleted],such was god be thanked for it the good frute of an Infidell Converted to Christianity>: who <Pace><Pace> securing his howse, before day rowed ouer the [catchword: Riuer]
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Riuer to Iames Citie (in that place neare Two <3 .3.> Miles in breadth) and gaue notice thereof to the Gouvenour; By which meanes they were prevented there, as at such other Plantacions as was possible for a tymely intelligence to be giuen. <2? words deleted> <For where they saw vs standing vpon oure gard at the sight of a pece they all ranne away> That Capt Downes at Newports Newce, And Capt Nuce at Elizabeth Citie (of late Called Kikotan) had by other Indians advertizement in like manner before they were assaulted. That neare abouts 33 were slayne, many pieces with municion caried [left margin: 12] <In other places that could haue no notice<In other places that> some peces with munition (the vse whereof they know not)> [three words illeg.] <were there caried> away <word deleted> <by them> and some cattle <fewe cattle also were> destroyed; [catchword: and]
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And as fame divulgeth (not without some probable grownds leading towards beleife) the king hath since caused the most parte of the Gunpowder, by him surprises to be sowen, To drawe thereby from the like increase, as of his Maize, <or Corne> in haruest next; And that it is since discouered, That the last sumer, Opachankano practiz with a king of the Easterne shoare <no welwiller of his> to furnish him with store of Poyson (naturally growing in his Country) for our destruccion, which hee absolutely refused, though he sent him greate store of Beads and other presents to [word deleted] win him thereunto[altered from thereto] which he [catchword: with]
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with 5 or 6 of his greate men, is <offered to be> ready to iustify against him; That the true cause of this surprize, <was by the instigation of the diuel was nothing but the instigation of the diuel> was <and> the dayly feare that possest them; That in tyme wee by our growing continually vpon them, would dispossesse them of this Country, as they had bin formerly of the West Indies by the Spaniard, [left margin: 13] which their feare, <with the diuels malice to there saluation> produced this bloudy Catastophe <Acte>. That neuer more griefe & shame possessed any people more then themselues, to be thus butchered and distressed by soe naked and cowardly a people, who dare not stand the presentment of a Staff <in manner of a pece,> [catchword: nor]
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nor an vncharged peece in the hands of a woman, <from> which they fly as so many [word deleted] hares much faster than from their <tormenting> divell, whome they worship for feare, though they acknowledge they Loue him not, And <they> conclude, that this blowe, in the generall and iudgment of them all will much advance their Plantacion. <[word deleted] for the future> And (amongst others) render vnto <vs> these reasons); That if way be giuen to their extirpacion, (which they (much <by them> desired) which by surprise & famine <by burning of their Corne, Canewes, or Boats and Fishing weares (wordes of small difficulty) & of lesse to possesse them> not difficult to <may> be effected in one yeare compasse, (which his Majestie with the assent of the Lords and others of his Privy Counsell, is graciously pleased to <command> giue way [catchword: vnto]
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vnto.) for the men aboue 18 and weomen aboue 12 yeares old, (of whose conversions after that age, noe hope remayneth, that any industry could hitherto perceaue) <And> especially by burning of their Corne, Canoas, or Boats and Fishing weares, a worke of small difficulty if not of lesse to possesse them, <This donne> Then will theyr howses, with the <mere cleared> grounds (in greate quantities cleered lying about them in all the Villages they now possesse (which are [word deleted] scituate in the fruitfullest places of the land) be possessed by vs, whereas the [catchword: cleering]
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cleering of our grounds from woods, is now our <the> longest & greatest labour <of the English.> The deere, & other beasts of sustenance, wilbe in safety & infinitely increase, which now not onely in the generall huntings of the king <whereat 4 ox 5 hunder deare are vseally killed> but by eache particuler Indian, are destroyed at all tymes of the yeare, without any difference of Male, damme, or Yonge; or howsoeuer else: The like may be sayd of our <owne> Swyne and Goates, whereof they kill .8. in .10. more then the English haue done, And <also> the increase of Turkies and other greate & waighty fowles wilbe exceedingly augmented, who neuer put difference of destroying the [catchword: Henn]
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henn <but kill them> whether in season or <not or whether or whether in breedinge time or sittinge on her there eggs or having one new hached is all one to them.> sitting or of her eggs vnder her; or how neere soeuer to hatching, her eggs bee, whereby as also by the orderly vsage of theyr Fishing weares, noe knowne Country in the world, will soe plentifully abound <with victual> therewith: And Lastly, they shall then enioy a cleere and secure peace and safety, free from all suspect or imaginacion of danger or surprize. Wherein, not the leaste ease and benefitt to the English will arise from the labours of [word deleted] seruitude & drudgery which they may drawe from such of the Indians as shalbe reserued for base and inferiour works, whereby the meanest of our nation may more
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cleerely enioy themselues in Arts and occupacions more free and generous./
<and many of them may by Sent to the Sumer Iland, and be there imployed to such drudgegries as they shall <there> thinke fitt. And some be kept to lead vs to the coppermines and others that are ar knowne by them. Thus>
Thus hauing truely made knowne the present state of the Colonie in Virginia, Wee cannott but acquaynt those Adventurers in [particular MS edge] (by whose charges, care, and labour (next vnto his Majestys especiall Grace) this th hopefull Plantacion, hath not onely beene vndertaken, but through so many difficulties vpheld and continued (especially vpon soe iust occasions, as the notificacion of the foresaid Massacre doth now present vnto vs) That wee accompt the tyme now most seasonable and advantagious for the reaping of [catchword: that]
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that benefitt and recompence that is due vnto them: And that by taking priority of tyme, they may haue priority also in choise of the Seates of their Plantacions, which (by the extirpacion of the Indians) is likely to offer a more ample choice of fayre and fruitfull habitations, then may in places neere at hand be hereafter found, wherein what fauour or assistance may by vs be giuen to Adventurer or Planter, they shalbe well assurd of it: Letting also eache one <ould adventurer> vnderstand <that there is dew vnto them and there heires for each 12li 10s formerly paid into the Tresury one hundred ach akers of land vpon a first division and as much upon a Second> that intendeth any [catchword: plantacion]
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Plantacion by himselfe or his servant <and> that whether he <whosoever> <And that whosoever> transports himself or any other, at his charge vnto [Virginia MS edge] shall for himselfe & eache person so transported before Mid somer 1625. haue to him & his heires for euer .50. Acres of Land vpon a first deuision and as much more vpon a second deuision, the first fifty being cultivated or manured, if such person continue there Three yeares, either at once or seuerall tymes, or dye after he is shipped for that voyage
And lastly wee desire of all well affected subiects, That they will [catchword: seriously]
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seriously take into consideracion, how deepely the diligent and carefull prosequution of this and th'other Plantacion of the Somer Ilands, tendeth to the honour of his Majesty & of the whole Nation, the propagacion of Christian Religion, the enlarging and safety of his Majestys dominions, the ymployment of his subiects now idle at home, the increase of men, Marriners and shipping <And> the breeding of such needfull and necessary comodities, for the ymportation whereof
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from foraigne countries, [incredible MS edge] sommes are yearely exported, to the greate diminution of the [Treasury MS edge] of this Realme, and especially hauing as well his Majestys bounty, and goodness now heaped vpon vs, by a large & Princely supply of Municion & Armes of his highnes one store, graciously conserued for the safe advancment and safety of the Plantacion, as also his Royall fauour amply extended in a large supply of men & other necessaries throughout the whole kingdome.