The Hartlib Papers

Title:Copy Speech To General Committee Of Virginia Company On Fraudulent Dealings In Tobacco , In Scribal Hand ?
Ref:61/2/1A-14B: 1A, 1B, 11B-14A BLANK

I will not mispend any of your tyme (euery minet whereof is so precious) in going about to commend the worke, wherof I suppose and hope euery member of this honorable Comittee that knowes itt to be as well opinioned as my self, and though not so much yet as truly affected in hart to it with in its owne nature and at all tymes did deserve the favour of the Parliament, for it self but now I conceaue much more if so be our strongest desires and hopes shall succeed, That a iust warr shall folowe a deceiptfull peace, wherevnto how much this plantacion of Virginia and that of the somer Ilands may Conduce I will vse no other argument, then the presente example of our wise frends and neighbours the Hollanders, who haue within this two yeares, with thexpenc of aboue One hundred thowsand pounds attempted to gayne a litle footing in those parts; knowing well that a few forces there will much more harme their enemy and benefitt them selues, then ten tymes as many and greate here att home, So that what they make a principall care of their state to begin, I hope we shall conceiue ought to be a publique care of ours to preserve, and that with as much spedy care and tendernes as it may certeinly be expected, the Enemy will with violenc endeavour to depriue vs of it, For considering the incredible vigilancy and sollicitousnes that the Spanyards haue alwaies vsed to prevent even the knowledg of those parts; and the great cruelty and inhumanity that they [catchword: haue]

have practized to the rooting out of some fewe plantacions begun by other nations in the parties nere adioyning to Virginia I meane the French in florida there is no reason to ymagine but they will indeavour to apply the same remedies at the last for the defenc of their owne safety, which that they haue not hitherto don we can conceive no other reason but that they hoped & expected it should by other meanes haue ben effected for otherwise it cannot be but the self same feares and dangers which this plantacion of Virginia threatneth to them should haue drawne from them the self same executions vpon itt, but they hoped it wolde haue been don here att home by our selues, And surely since the plantacion being in the yere 1619 recouered out of those negligent hands (to say no worse of them) wherein it had well nigh pined 14 yeares, began like a withered plant refreshed with a gentle showre to lift vp its head & seemed to promis a speedy and prosperous growth it is almoste incredible how variously it hath been contynually interrupted, and distressed by so many calamities and oppressions as when this honorable Comittee shall haue vnderstood the Relacion but of some parts for all neither can be nor are perhapps fitt to be related, wee doubt not but yow will rather marvaile that there is any thing att all remayning of the plantacion then that it is no forwarder; and surely for our selues wee attribut it only to the mercy of god, That there hath ben either branche or Roote remayning of this plantacion, so many & grevous [catchword: haue]

haue the interrupcions been, of one whereof being in matter of proffitt I am to give yow first an accompt of; The subiect is Tobacco a comodity first fallen vpon by the planters, because easy and very beneficiall and hitherto the only, for the prosecuting of all others hath been by them hitherto neglected through the discouragement receaued contynually in the oppressions of this, In which oppressions for they haue not been as we Conceave lighter then to merite such a heavy name, I shall present vnto yow not only the overthrowe and distruccion of the plantacion conningly woven into the whole cariadge, but the great deceipte and wronge of his Majestie in his Revenues and exceeding damage of this kingdome in matter of trade besides grevanc of vnparraleld Monopolies,
     But before I enter into the particulars I am Commaunded by the Company to make their humble protestacion as well toching this matter. I am to deliuer as what yow shall after heare from my Lord and those gentlemen That although his Majestys name and aucthority, and the Lords of his Majestys most honourable priuie Councell their consent & command have ben vsed in most of theis seuerall passadgs of which wee Complaine, yet for his Majestie as our sufferings have been not only to the damage of the plantation but much to the prejudice of his Majestys revennues and honour   So we doe acknowledg they haue been most contrary to his gracious Invencions for the administering of equall Iustice and the advancement of the plantacion, in both which particulars we must and do acknowledg to haue receaued most gracious remonstracions of his roiall Iustice and favour to the plantations by especiall recomendacion and particular charge and direccions vppon the seuerall occasions [catchword: And]

And for that most honorable Board of the priuie Councell as they are most of them noble and lardge adventurers in the Accion, so we haue alwaies founde them most zealously affected to itt so that wee owe much thancks vnto them and no complaint of any but of the Lord highe Treasurer whose most greatnes of place and office in theis latter tymes and formerly the reputacion which his particular knowledg and experienc in theis kynde of bussinesses bred him didd Contynually frustrate and deprive vs of those iust releifs and favours, which otherwise, that most honourably disposed Board had certenly afforded vs,
     And so I comme vnto the buissines wherein I most humbly crave your honorable attencion and pacience, though I do itt with some more largenes then perhapps yow shall att first conceive necessary for in thend yow shall finde euery Circumstance to beare great weight and to haue a particular Intencion of wronge and oppressions in the Actours of them
     First therfore itt pleased his Majestie out of his princly grace by his second lettres pattents (for three severall lettres Pattents the company haue had) To free the Company of Virginia for payeng any Customes or chardges whatsoeuer during the space of seaven yeares for any comodities which they should bring from the plantacions, which though itt was of his Roiall grace intended for their good, yett was itt to them of little or no benefitt, in regarde they had not at <in> all the tyme raised any Comodity or att least any quantety butt the yeare after that this priuiledg was determyned, there came aboute thend of May 1619 from Virginia nere vpon twenty thowsand weight of Tobacco being a Comodity newly fallen vppon

vppon by them in Virginia and of good esteeme here in England being then worth fyve shillings the pound
     The Company gaue order to their officers ymediatly to cause this Tobaco to be soulde, that there might be supplies of apparrell Armes and other necessaries retorned to the Colony in Virginia which then stood in great neede thereof, whervpon the Companyes officers going downe to the Custome house, and tendring the Custome that the Customers demaunded although it was duble what was due to them; One mr Abraham Iacobs whome yow well knowe came whilest the tobacco was weighing out and commaunded the Customers not to deliuer out the Tobacco to the Company except the Company would pay him six pence vpon each pound for ympost, which he challenged by vertue of his Majestys Letters Pattents dated the 22th of March going before wherein was graunted vnto him the saide Abraham Iacobs for the terme of fyve yeares and for the rent of fyve thowsand pound yerly to be paid the king, that he shold haue one shilling six penc vpon each pound of spanish Tobacco, and six pence the pound vpon Virginia and Somer Ilands Tobacco/   The Company shewed him their letters pattents of the sixt of his Majestys raigne being ten yeares before his, wherein they were directly freed from all Imposicions whatsoeuer, sauing only the payment of fiue per Centum vpon their goods for Custome which they were ready to performe, But not withstanding all this mr Iacobs caused the Companyes tobacco to be violently deteyned; whervpon the Company peticioned the Comissioners for the Treasury the 16th of Iuly 1619 [catchword: who:]

who referred the matter to the now Lord Treasurer then Sir Lyonell Cranfeild and master of the wardrobe and to Sir Henry Yeluerton then his Majestys atturney generall, but mr Attorney declaring his opinion in priuate to mr Iacobs that he was in the wronge in keping the Companies goods which ought to be free, the matter was so handled as no report could be procured,
Whervpon the Company solliciting the Lords of the Councell and acquainting them with the great damage that grew to their Tobacco being a perishinge comodity and also the great danger that the Colony would be in case they were not supplied, The Lords writt their letters to Iacobs willing him to deliuer the Company their goods, they entring into bond to pay him whatsoeuer should appeare to be his due by their Lordships Iudgment vpon certificate from his Majestys learned Councell and within one Moneth after it should be determyned which the Company did offer to mr Iacobs to performe/
     But mr Iacobs refused except they would enter into bond to pay him his demaund at a certen day vnles in the meane tyme they procured a defalcacion for so much of the rent which he was to pay, which the Company not being able to performe durst not vndertake but very earnestly desired him that he would for the supply of the Colony lett them haue half their Tobacco to sell, and they would leaue thother half in his hands till the matter were decided but he woulde by no meanes yeald thervnto,   And shortly after it being thend of Sommer their Lordships brake vpp [catchword: their/]

their sitting in Councell and mr Iacobs kept their Tobacco by violenc till December folowing, when the company againe peticioned their Lordships, who appointed a day to heare both parties, and Commaunded mr Attorney to attend: mr Iacobs was summoned but would not appere, because the master of the warderobe through other busines could not comme with hym, Wherevpon their Lordships Comytted the said Iacobs for his Contempt, And after they had seene and heard the Companyes letters Pattents read they demaunded of Mr Atturney generall what hee said, who ymediatly then declared in presenc of the whole board, that the Company were not lyable to that ymposicion, and that Iacobs could not by his Letters pattents exact it of them/
Whervpon their Lordships gaue the Company almost assurance of releif, and the Lord Verulam the Channcellour deliuered it as a clere case in the Companies behalf: yet they appointed a second day to heare Iacobs personally who came accordingly And the Master of the Warderobe with him, and first the Master of the Warderobe demaunded right of the Lords against the Attorney generall, For that he had saide, that it was one of Cranfelds Tricks, And then he pleaded the kings latter graunt to Iacobs with great violenc urging it and still pressing his Majestys proffitt which he saide yf the Virginia Company were freed should be much prejudiced, For the king must make defalcacions for so much out of the rent of fyve hundred Pounds which he was to receave of Iacobs as their Tobacco at vjd a pound came to, And when the Lords shewed him the [quotes in left margin] plaine expres words in the lettres pattents (viz) And for their further Incouragement of our especiall grace and favour, wee do by theis patents for vs our heires and successours yelde and graunt to and with the said Threasurer and Company and their successours [catchword: and]

And euery of them their Factours and assignes, That they and euery of them shalbe free and quitt of all subsedies and Customes in Virginia For the space of one and twenty yeares, and from all Taxes and ymposicions for ever vpon any goods or merchandizes att any tyme or tymes hereafter either vpon Ymportacion thither or exportacion from them into our Realme of England or into any other of our Domynions by the said Threasorer and Company and their successours their Deputies Factours and assignes or any of them, except only the fyve pounds per Cent due for custom vpon all such goods and merchandizes as shalbe brought or ymported into our Realme of england or any other of theis our Domynions according to the auncient trade of merchants which fyve pounds per Cent only being paid; itt shalbe then Lawfull and free for the said Adventurers the same goods and merchandizes to export and cary out of our said dominions into Forraigne parts without any Custome taxe or other duty to be paid to vs our heires or successours, or to any other our officers or Deputies, [quotes in left margin end]
     And then demaunded of hym what he coulde say to so expres words, Hee the said master of the warderobe now Lord Treasurer Replyed, That it was the Auncient trade and Custome of Merchants to pay what the king would laye vpon them and so should the Virginia Company now do/
     In thend by the now Lord Treasurers meanes, Notwithstanding mr Atturneys Iudgment so plainly and openly deliuered the Company were forced to pay for that present three pence of the sixpenc which Iacobs demaunded and shortly after (though vnder an other Colour) they were constrayned to yealde to the whole six pence/
     But not only in this poynte was his Lordship so oppressive to the Company, but also in another matter for the Company [catchword: being]

being to pay according to their Chartre only 5 per Cent, and their Tobacco was not soulde for aboue five shillings att the most, they ought to haue paid but 3d Custome, but the Customers demaunded and exacted of them vjd which was the double of what they ought to pay; and thervpon they together with the former buisines complayned of this and had such faire and noble answer from the Lords as they were in good hope to have been releived, but the same man (viz) The now Lord Treasurer opposed them with such violence as they could not obteyne itt, So that even for that wronge they were beholding to hym,
Now by this deteyning of their Tobacco vniustly and against Lawe with such violence the Company by the dryeng and waste and fall of price lost aboue Two thowsand fyve hundred pounds besides this 3d that they paid Iacobs,
Theise are the three oppressions
                          in poynt of comodity that the
Company complaine of in the yeare - 1619:
1 The great losse by deteyning their goodes by mr Iacobs
2 The having an ymposicion putt vpon them against Lawe by
   the meanes of the new Lord Treasurer and mr Iacobs,
3 The holding and forcing them to pay six penc Custome
   whereas they ought to haue paid but 3d
What the effects of theis courses were and how they wrought to the hinderanc and stop of the Plantacion is not to be conceaued but by them that then obserued itt/ I assure yow it was like the powring of a great deale of colde water vpon a litle hott; And had not the Treasurer and Councill with other members of the company by diuers wise and prudent addresses made repaire as well by extenuating theis blowes as presenting other fairer hopes added new courage, there had been litle more to haue been hoped for, for to fynde them selues so wronged by Iacobs in deteyning their goods and not able to Right them selues, To fynde by the enhauncement of Custome, and this new ymposicion against Lawe [catchword: To haue]

To haue all hope of proffitt in the first budding of it cutt of
     To see the letters patents the Basis and foundacion whereon their aduentures were grounded not weakned but derided wer such discouragements as made very many that were before resolued to adventure largly to fall quite of, but itt kept out many more from coming into so regardles a buissines,
But this grevance and oppression is so much the more grevous and oppressive because it was not to the kings benefit but only to mr Iacobs and his partiners,
     For do not thinck that they that so wronged the company and hindered the Plantacion did intend his Majestys gayne or proffitt or honour, For what greater losse or damage coulde they do him then the strangling of this Childe which shall I hope to the worlds end be a memoriall of his honour, No No itt was their owne priuate lucre their vniust gayne they aymed att which I shall thus discover and proove/
     May it please yow therfore to vnderstand that the now Lord Treasurer then a priuate man had for some yeares together with other partiners the Farme of the ympost of Tobacco from his Majestie For which they paid only Foure hundred pounds per annum And made thereof Foure thowsand fyve hundred pounds as by some of the partiners I haue been enformed, which great and excess gayne of above tenn for one being discouered to his Majestie itt pleased him to resume the buissines into his owne hands and the Yeare 1618: att Michaelmas mr Abraham Iacobs was apointed and sworne his Majestys Collectour for the gathering of the ympost which was one shilling six penc the pound on Spanish Tobacco And for the encouradging him to a faithfull performanc of his Chardge his Majestie was graciously pleased to giue vnto him a Fee of one hundred and fifty pounds per annum during his lyfe and his sonns who was to succeede him in the office being thus before hand rewarded and thus bound by duty and oath hee enters vpon the performanc of this place att Michaelmas [catchword: 1618:]

1618, and so Contynues vntill the xxijth of March-1618 by which day he had receaued for his Majestys accompt vpon the ympost of Tobacco the somme of Five thowsand pound att the least was receaued by him before the first of March, Now he having this greate summe in his hands vpon the first half yeres accompt and well knowing that ther was as much more Tobacco to comme in vpon the second half yere as vpon the first, so that the ympost of the whole yere wolde come att least to ten thowsand pound: Hee by meanes of the now Lord Treasurer then master of the warderobe makes offer to his Majestie of Farming the ympost of Tobacco at fyve thowsand Pound the yeare, which the now Lord Treasurer propounded to his Majestie as a very beneficiall and advanntagable bargaine to him And so vpon a sudden the bargaine is concluded, And the 22th of March there is a lease made to Iacobs of the Farme of the ympost for the terme of fyve yeres to begin at Michaelmas going before; and his lease as appeareth by the Dockett passed the great seale by ymediate warrant, all thother seales being omitted, which Mr Attorney generall signifieth to be done by order of the Lords Comissioners of the treasury one of the which was the now Lo[rd] Treasurer the cheif and indeade sole mediatour of this buissines, and the reason alleadged is because Iacobs being to pay for his half yeres rent att our Lady day Two thowsand fyve hundred pound itt was fitt hee should haue the graunt before:
     This is the reason alleadged by mr Attorney of this vndue omission and expedicion which no doubt himself and the Lords Comissioners beleaued all of them except the now Lord Treasurer who coulde not but knowe the true ground and reason of this sudden expedicion to be the purpose and desire of mr Iacobs in defrawding his Majestie not only of the presente summ in his hands, but in the whole bargaine it self to both which ends itt was necessary for him to vse both such Arte to conceale what he had then receaued, and such expedicion to finishe the [catchword: Bargaine]

Bargayne, For if it had proceeded the ordinary Course of all the seales passing through so many hands and offices itt could hardly be caried with that secrecy but notice thereof Coming abroade intelligenc would haue been given to the Lords Comissioners or his Majestie what greate quantities were alredy comme in, and Consequently how frawdulent that offer was, Wherefore to prevent this discouery which was thus likely to happen, Although there was tyme enough to haue gon the ordinary way, For about the 6th of March att which tyme he had receaued aboue Fyve thowsand pound, they hadd procured a warrant to mr Attorney generall to drawe vp the books soe they had almost twenty dayes, yett they studiously and purposely deferr the proceedings in the buissines till the 20th of March and then pretending the necessity of dispatching itt in two or three dayes, they procure itt to passe the greate seale ymediatly, Only because there should be no notice taken of itt abroade, which yf there had been they coulde not possibly haue effected itt And as this was the cause of deferring the thinge so longe till the very last, so the speedy passing of itt then was as absolute necessary For had it not been concluded and finished before our Lady day Iacobs must then haue paid into thexchequier the Fyve Thowsand Six hundred seaventy fyve pounds receaued by him, itt being truly his Majestys mony and coulde not haue avoyded itt by any meanes or cullour whatsoever, Which being once done, itt woulde haue been ympossible for him to obteyne the Lease on those condicions which he then did, but now having gott thus Concluded, hee payes the Kyng Two thowsand fyve hundred pounds for his half yeres rent, and deteynes to him self the rest of the Kings money which was Three thowsand one hundred seaventy fyve [catchword: Pounds]

     This was the bargayne and the manner that Mr Iacobs vsed in procuring itt, with what honesty or Conscience I leaue it to your Conscienc Iudgments but certenly with good successe, for he gayned almost eighteene hundred pound more that yeare, for the ympost of Tobacco that yeare came to att the least, Nyne Thowsand seaven hundred seaventy eight pounds and his Fee of one hundred and fifty pounds being deducted So that his rent being only Five Thowsand pounds and his Fee of one hundred and fifty pounds being deducted he paid the King only Foure Thowsand eight hundred and fifty pounds, and the rest him self and partners devided being fowre thowsand nyne hundred twenty eight pounds att the least,
     This ymmoderate and vnduly obtayned gayne was made vpon his Majestie by mr Iacobs his sworne officer and by my Lord Treasurer on whose fidelity hee so especially relyed, and yett after all this did they force and vyolent the Company of Virginia to those former payments which I haue declared For they had made this excessive gayne before the Virginia Tobacco came in which surely had they not been vnreasonable in their desires and appetite, they might well haue spared for who woulde not haue been contented with the gayne of allmost fyve thowsand pound in the rent of fyve thousand pound but they were not but with violence and against Lawe exact the extremity of their vnduely procured bargayne to the destruccion of the plantacion/ And yett though his Majestie was thus haynously abused the pretence and alleagacion made by the now Lord Treasurer was his tender and faithfull regarde of his Majestys proffitt which by no meanes he might not suffer to be deminished, and diminished itt must haue been by a defalcacion of soe much rent yearly as the [catchword: Virginia]

Virginia tobacco should comme to att vjd a pound, for mr Iacobs was resolued not to loose any thing that he might clayme and my Lord Treasurer thought it fitt and iust that the Kyng shoulde make good his bargaine with mr Iacobs to the ful having promised itt vnder his greate seale, and yett his Roiall promise and assurance vnder his greate seale to the Company, on Confidence whereof they had spent one hundred thowsand pounds, a farr more valuable Consideracion then mr Iacobs his payeng him a rent of Fyve thowsand pounds, for that which yelded tenn, This promise I saide and the performance thereof, the Lord Treasurer did not conceaue his Majestie obliged vnto, And what might be the reason of this, Nott different but contrary Iudgment and opinion of my Lord Treasurer in the self same matter and subiect, Nott the kings honour and proffitt but his owne gayne and commodity, For yow may be pleased to vnderstand which I shall by report of testimony farr above all excepcion make good/
     The Lord Treasurer was not only the mover the Ymediatour the sole efficient of this bargaine, but he was a partiner in a greate share with mr Iacobs even from the very begynning besides whatsoeuer in thend and vpshott of the buissines hee did further gayne, which there is not reason to conceaue was a small matter, but was no doubt proporcionable to his worth and dignity that was farr aboue the rest and answerable to his desert and merrit which was ten tymes double to Iacobs in catching this prey and riche booty/
     What shall I vse many Words in breif this itt was the first yeare from michaelmas 1618 till michaelmas 1619 mr Iacobs by his bargaine cleered neere Five thowsand [catchword: Pounde]

Pounde more then his rent, And from Michaelmas 1619 mr Iacobs till Midsomer 1620 at which tyme it was taken from hym hee cleered more then his rent above foure thowsande pound, And then there being a greater offer made to his Majestie and of another nature, which yow shall hereafter heare of, Iacobs being of necessity to quitt this bargayne, there was given him in lewe and satisfaccion of his losse Three thowsand pound, so that in les then the space of seaven <Two> yeares hee cleerly gayned betwene Eleauen and twelue thowsand pound, and the Kyng lost soe much, and that not by a faire bargayne made in the begynning nor by good luck in thend/ but by the meanes yow haue formerly heard, Concealement of what was receaued, Omission of due and ordinary proceedings Concluding things in an instant and all this from those persons whose experienc skill and knoweledg in theis particulars bred in his Majestie and the honorable Comissioners of the Treasury to whome he intrusted the mannadging of those buissines, an opinion that he could not be deceived nor wronged, and their obligacions of duty gratefulnes and oathe did bynde them they should not deceive, So that their fault and his Majesties wronge is so much the more by how much of all others it ought least to haue proceeded from them, For surely had a stranger not interressed gon aboute to procure this bargaine from his Majestie (viz) To have the ymposicion att Fyve thousand pounds per annum, no doubt but the Lord Treasurer and especially mr Iacobs wolde haue by all meanes opposed itt and alleadged that by their duties oaths and consciences they were bounde to give a true information of the state and condicion of that buissines, that by want of knowledg of the particulars his Majestie were not wrongd/ [catchword: And//]

And therfore not doing itt, now being them selues interressed doth add much to the heynousnes of the offenc in regard they did deceive the trust ymposed in them, which is a breache of the highest obligacion that is amongs men in the intercourse of Civill accions, I am forced to Runn out thus a little in the expression of this matter because vpon the due consideracion thereof I suppose the mynds of this honorable Comittee will the more easily be perswaded to the beleife of that opinion and Iudgment which the Company did long agoe conclude even att that very tyme of their sufferings, and haue ever since retayned that the very destruccion of the plantacion was directly intended by mr Iacobs, I tell yow howe auncient itt is, that yow may not esteeme it a thinge newly forged by me, and yow will not thinck itt to greate an ymputacion to be laid to them who yow see were guilty of greater, for they that wronged the kynge in this manner for their owne gayne, what Cryme or synne could be of so highe a nature as to breede any scruple in their myndes if itt might turne to their particular gayne, yow see the overburdening and opressing the Comodity they stuck not att, for the first yeare having gayned almost Fyve thowsand pound, yett they woulde not spare the Virginia but for a litle advantage vnder five hundred pounds they brought a dammadge vpon the Company and Tobacco of aboue half as many thousands
     And the second yere they did establish and Confirme this heavy and vndue ymposicion so longe to indure as their lease and benefitt, But this is but a small parte of that Crime which wee laye to their [catchword: Chardge/]

Chardge they intended the very ouerthrowe of the commodity it self, For else why should Iacobs so obstinately opposing the Lords letters Refuse to deliuer the Tobacco, why would he not accept of such an indifferent offer as was made hym to leave half the Comodity in deposit for satisfieng what he demaunded,
     If he only had sought the payment of vjd vpon a pound either of theis condicions as they did amply secure him so they would sufficiently haue contented him, Butt his violent deteyning the Tobacco did and do ymply a direct intencion to abase ruyne and destroye the comodity, For having the lease now for Fyve yeares and receaving vpon spanish tobacco one shilling six penc and vpon the Virginia only six pence, the venting euery pound of virginia was to their damage and losse one shilling/ Wherefore concluding the plantacions and this Commodity to be an enemy of their proffitt, they resolue to be an Enemy to both, and seeke all meanes to ruyne and overthrowe them, and to the accomplishment of this intent and purpose was the vyolent and longe deteyning of their Tobacco which I formerly acquainted yow, (viz) from Iuly till thende of December, When by the yll keeping and vsage of itt, itt was not soulde for Two shillings the pound, whereas the company might haue had fyve shillings for itt, vpon the first coming home, Now by this meanes they effected what they desired, for this being the first greate quantety proving very bad not of itts owne nature and condicion but by the yll keeping of itt, there grewe an yll esteeme and reputation [catchword: of virginia Tobacco]

of virginia Tobacco as a base and unwholsome sorte whereby the taking thereof that began formerly to growe in greate vse, was almoste vtterly neglected and this accidentall evill which they had caused with greate Arte and Conyng by them selues and diuers their Instruments purposely spreading the Discomendacions and disprayses of the virginia tobacco They did constantly maynteine and increase only by breeding a dislike and disesteeme of the virginia to keepe the spanishe in a contynuall and increasing vent/
     And as by thus spoiling of the Comodity they brought itt into disreputacion, sow by the Lowenes and basenes of the price, the prevented the repairing of the esteeme thereof, For the planters there fynding the charge att least fyfteene pence and the Comodity not to yelde above thre shillings and knowing the price being once this sett, itt was very harde to reyse itt, They afterwards bent their cares only to make a greate deale rather then good, that so the quantety might produce the gayne which the goodnes and worth did not,
     Theise were the passadges ends and yssues of this buissines from Iuly 1619 till Iuly 1620, And now I doubt not butt this honorable Comittee is fully satisfied in this poynte toching the conclusion which I first sett downe, that the Plantacions overthrowe and ruyne was directly intended in this [catchword: Accion/]

Accion of mr Iacobs and his partiners, and that the kinge was exceedingly wronged and deceyved by them in his honour and his proffitt And so I comme to the next particuler of oppression in this commodity that followed in the begyning of the yeare - 1620/

[another hand:]
                    A   [l or P?]
                    H - [G?]