The Hartlib Papers

Title:Copy In Hand ?, Sir Nicholas Crisp'S Remonstrance To Parliament
Dating:undated [C. 1651]
Ref:60/8/1A-10B: 3B BLANK
Notes:Transcribed in logical order not as numbered.

     To The supreame Authoritie the Parliament of England
    The humble Remonstrance of Sir Nicholas Crisp knight:
Declareinge That himselfe, Mr Humfry Slaney and Mr William Clowbery about 18 yeares agoe, spent verie much money in the endeauoring to Discouer a Trade for Gould in the parts of Africa, which likewise hath been the endeauour of many of this Nation, aboue this .100. yeares, but neuer any more then talked or writt of, vntill is was presented vnto the late Kinge, by the Remonstrancer, Slaney, and Clowbery, Sir Richard yonge, Sir Kenhelme Digby, and Mr George Kirke, that if he would graunt to us a lease, for .31. yeares, for the sole enioyinge the Trade from [blank] to [blank] if we should within two yeares, discouer and settle to this Nation a considerable Trade for Gould within those parts, we would at our owne charge endeauour it. And if we did not within two yeares next followinge, Import from thence Tenn thowsand in Gould, our Lease should be void. Which beinge soe cleere and faire a tender for the good of this Nation, was readily graunted, and the Lease sealed, and confirmed vnder the Great Seale which was accordingly pursued, by this Remonstrant, Slaney, and Clowbery, the latter three, Sir Richard yonge, Sir Kenhelme Digby and Mr George Kirke, neuer adventureinge any thinge in the worke.
But your Peticioner being zealous and Industrious to bringe to passe, a worke of soe great advantage to this Nation and haueinge the assurance (if brought to perfeccion,) he should for a while Dureinge the Lease, reape the benefitt in recompence of the great adventure, and charge.
His Partners, Slaney, and Clowbery, not beinge willinge to adventer vpon soe greate a hazard, and vncertenty as the first voyage was. Theire two third parts of the Stock, sent the first yeare, which with the charge was about .15000. pownd. The Remonstrant haueing a good estat left him by his Father Deceased Father Alderman Crisp resolued to venture all rather then fall short, of accomplishinge a Designe for Gould soe publiquely good, and priuatly hopefull, therfore vndertooke two third parts of the First Adventure, In which voyage if we had failed of the Gould, more then the whole Stock might haue been lost, as if fared with some lately before us, whoe lost not only theire Stock, but runne into Debt, some thousands of pownds which is oweinge to this Day
But by the blessinge of God vpon the well prepared and pursued endeauours of the Remonstrant and his Partners And by the costly Instruments they had obteyned from Forraine parts, and the assistance of Mr Iohn Wood theire chiefe Factor, they accomplished the First voyage much within the two yeares, And brought home out of those parts of Africa aboue .10000. pound in gould, presentinge Certificats therof from the Mynt to the late Kinge and Councell. Our Graunt was then with much cheerfullnesse (and for our encouragment

confirmed by the whole Councell, where vpon we pursued it with much Alacritie, with many Shipps and verie great Stock. But as all things of this nature beinge of soe great, and publique concernement, are subiect to many difficulties & discouragements, especially in this we beinge to encounter, a Darlinge of the Duch Nation, A Trade for Gould in Africa, which they had designed (as apeares by the sequell) to be the sole Maisters of. Endeauored allwayes to discourage us in destroying it. giuein Orders to the Commaunders in cheife in theire Castles, and theire Factours in euery Shipp they sent, That wheresoeuer wee came vpon that Coast to Trate with our Shipps, they should send a Shipp to lye by vs to sell theire goods at half the Rate they were wont, which accordingly was practised for many yeares together
And likewise the Duch in pursuance of theire designe to be sole Maisters of that Trade tooke Castle de Maine from the Portugalls Soe then none stood in theire way but wee, whoe now were at a greate losse, and preiudice by theire takeinge that Castle.
For before, we beinge at peace with both the Nations, when they dayly fought vpon that Coast, each with other they treated us with all freindship outwardly at theire Castles, and places of Trade, to keepe us from sideinge with theire enimy.
In which tyme the Remonstrant for the safty of the Trade, and the Stock which was about .60000. pownd, we haueinge then warrs with Spaine and France, built a Shipp called the Crispiana of aboue .50. tunn and .40. gunns, which after the peace settled, when there was noe need for soe great a Shipp, we sould to the East India Company, which was a great losse to the Remonstrant, And for an addition to our losse and Charges we fownd after the Hollander had taken the Portugall the Portugall Castle to vtterly destroy vs in that Trade, the permitted vs not to lye with out Shipps to Trade, at theire Castles or Roads where we had all freedom before.
Soe vpon result of the whole matter it was resolued By us we must either erect a Castle, and settle our Interest in safty equally with them, or els must wholly giue vp the Trade for we fownd as the Duch had layed theire Designe, what euer it had cost them in the losse of theire goods, and extraordinary charges to attend our Shipps, they being the then great West India Company of Holland, and we but three priuate persons, and would soone haue effected it.
And as they knew well haueinge effected it, would haue beene worth to them in the future, all theire losse and charges for haueinge outed us they had been, the sole Maisters of that Trade for Gould, whoe then would haue soe ordered the Natiues to be content with what goods, and at what price they pleased, which would haue necessitated them to bringe down as much more gould to them, for half the goods. The Nature of those Heathen beinge, when they want necessary goods they will giue any rate for them But when they are cloged with goods by seuerall Sellers, will haue them at theire owne rates vnder half the value, and will bringe downe gould noe longer then they are in necessity of goods   

And there beinge noe way left to prevente this deepe layed designe of the Duch, But by our erectinge of a Castle, and settlinge of a Nationall[altered from Naturall] Interest in Africa, without which we must presently haue giuen vp that hopefull Trade. For the discoueringe whereof we had been at soe greate Charge and losse which the Remonstrant was loath to sitt downe by, beinge out of purse great summs of money and engaged verie deep and findinge the Trade in it selfe would be verie beneficial if we could beare vp with the Duch to force them to come to a regulation with vs to make our advantages with the Heathen and not enrich which was noe way to be accomplished but by our erectinge of a Castle in some convenient place vpon that Coast, which to accomplish a person we obtained Mr Iohn Wood a person of great experience vpon that Coast and the trade therof, whoe had been many voyages in the first discouery and settlinge the said traid, we prevailed with him for the accomplishment of the said settlement to goe with a Fleet of 4. Shipps and a great Cargo to find out a fitt place to erect a Castle and make a setlement there, which accordingly he verie amply effected makeing a contract with the Kinge of Cormantine for the erectinge of a Castle vpon a hill to commaund the Road where our shipps should ride and settlinge the trade of that place to the English Nation excludinge all other Nations from tradinge there, which was settled and confermed with very greate solemnitie erectinge the kings Standard and thousands of his people there, giueinge vs many priveledges and subiectinge the adiacent people vnder our commaund obleigeinge them to pay vs a Tribute of all the Fish they tooke and other seruices, greatly to the honor & advantage of our Nation, which was <so amply> settled by Mr Iohn <Wood> from the cheife kinge that of those partes, that when the Duch had intelligence therof, and seinge theire grand designe in daunger, in that we were like to haue a firme settlement there, began to practise accordinge to theire wont, to vndermine vs, by great rewards giuen to the Officers, and cheife Commaunders in those parts vnder the kinge, where by theire indirect wayes they obteyned by connivance to erect a howse to settle a Factory by vs, ressolveinge by vast presents and vndersellinge of vs, as at other places) though to theire present great losse to ruine vs and hinder our settlement there which would soone haue been recompenced to them if they could make themselues sole Maisters of that Coast for the obteyinge of which they would spare noe losse nor cost as hath is to plaine by theire seuerall practizes with the English in East India most eminently at Ambogna as in an annexed relation doth more particularly apeare which sheweth they will not only be at any losse to be sole Maisters of that they propownd to themselues, but they will not spare blood of those that are in amyty with them to take in a barbarous way

But euer the vigilencie of the aforesaid Mr Iohn Wood our cheife Factor foreseekeinge, aparently our ruine, if they were not remoued from a residence in that place applyed himselfe to the cheife kinge requireinge Iustice of him to out the Duch, whoe were settled downe there contrarie to his compact, where vpon he brought downe a number of his people and caused them to take downe theire howse and departe. the night before the went away (as we haue verie great cause to beleeue) they hired some of theire black Slaues to fire our warehouse, where by which we lost about .8000. pownds worth of goods, hopeinge therby to destroy vs beinge but priuat persons
But beinge vnweried in soe hopefull a designe, knoweinge if wee could ouercome that difficulty with the Duch in the remaineinge tyme we had in our graunt Lease we should vndoubtedly repaire our greate losses for to recompence our adventure and industrie, And therfore proceeded with all vigour (findinge such cleare Iustice and protection from a Heathen Kinge) in erectinge a Castle upon the hill of Cormontine The Remonstrant, causeinge the Tymber frame therof to be made at Hammersmyth, and sent therwith in seuerall Shipps, Bricks Tymber Lyme, Lead, Iron and other Materialls, with a sett of Brick makers for makeinge of Brick in the place. Lyme burners Bricklayers Carpenters, Smyths, and all other necessarie Artificers for that worke. which with materialls, wages of workemen, Fraight of <many> Shipps to carrie the Materialls and after finishinge with mountinge of gunns, settlinge a Garison, their paye, with many other necessaries for the perfectinge of that worke, cost aboue .20000. pownde which with the proction of the kinge of that Country by his people vpon all occasions, we were safe from the intrusion of any Nation to interrupt vs in our Trade
It will be to large to mention the seuerall wayes and practizes of the Duch, to ruine vs out of that Trade, they haueinge the advantage of beinge there before, As the intercepting vs in the buyinge of commodities fitt for that Trade, at any rate to make vs pay deere, but principally by the ingrossinge of all Beades in all places that weare much requested by the Ginney Natiues, soe as that without Beads it was noe tradinge with them, of which for many yeares, we could gett but theire refuse, and reuersions, which had allmost destroyed vs in that Trade with the Natiues. For the repaire wherof there was only one reamedie, (they haueinge precontracted with all the makers in Holland Venice and other parts to prevent vs.) which was to drawe ouer some of the cheife Bead makers and sett vp the worke in England. Which Mr Slaney and Mr Clowbery findinge themselues vnable to assist in by reason

of theire great disbursments and losse in that Trade, The Remonstrant findeinge an vnavoydable necessitie to haue it done, or the Trade to be lost, and he beinge then out of purse about 50000 pownd in the Trade which would haue been all lost, if not vigourously pursued, haueinge such vigilent oposers, found him self necessitated at his owne charge, to send ouer into Forraine parts a fitt Instrument to contract with the cheife Maisters to come ouer, and make Beads in England, which in a short tyme though at a verie great charge in erectinge a howse <only> for that purpose at Hammersmyth, and gaineinge Materialls was in a short tyme brought to such perfection, that he could haue serued the[altered from them] <Duch> better and better cheape (by reason of some advantages this contrie yeilded in some Materiall) butt then any other forraine parte. Hauinge <Labouring> (to be deliuered from the inconvenience he fownd in forraine workemen) brought <up?> his Coachman, Waterman and other seruants imployed in the same, to doe the Mysteries of that worke as any straungers, makeinge aboue a hundred pownds worth euerie weeke, in the stringeinge of which was employed both the howses of Bridwell, and a multitute of people in all parts of the Towne, by which Children of seuen or eight yeares old did earne 5d and .6d. per day.
[hand in left margin]

[half-page insertion]
And haueing thus ouercome all the difficulties, as if enuy to my industry, and successe, should breed opposition in others, or through theire couetousnesse desireinge what did not belonge to them. Sir Robert Mansfield and his lady gaue me great trouble and obstruccion pretendinge that Beades were within his Pattent of the sole makeing of Glasse, and Bugles, and theise being made of the same materialls. glasse, he suggested to the Kinge he must make them, which if he should haue obteyned, I had been as ill serued as before I began to make them, he nothinge vnderstandinge the nature and quallitie of them, and the seuerall changes which euery yeare the Neigers new fancies affected, I desireinge only to make them for the Trade of Ginney, leaueinge him to all other Beades and Bugles, which he much opposed to my verie great preiudice, in proceeding his Lady haueinge then much advantage of the Remonstrant by her freinds at Court, which had all most destroyed the worke which cost soe deere. I rather resolueinge to lay downe all at once, then to be put into the hands and power of an other, to be destroyed when he would Soe after some yeares suite at Court, and verie greate charge I was forced, to sit downe vnder this necessity to take a lease from Sir Robert Mansfeild, to paye him Two hundred pownd a yeare for nothinge, only to haue liberty to make Beads for my self. Which I payed soe longe as the worke continued. This I held verie hard measure, and a great discouragment for soe good and publique a worke./

But as discouragements haue gone alonge in all this worke soe it fell out in this, for by the carelessnesse of some workmen in the Bead howse was sett on fire, and burnt to the ground with all the materialls therin to a verie greate value which did not soe discourage the Remonstrat, he findinge the necessitie of the Beads as essentiall to the verie beinge of gould Coast Trade, and a publique great good to the ymployment of the poore, and hopefull proffitable in it self) But that he did, new erect the said worke and brought it againe to its first perfection. Then hopeinge the future proffit would recompence, his [word deleted] industrie losse and charge.
But those whose industrie neuer sleepes, but are studious allwaies to accomplish theire end, the Duch West India Company whoe are the managers of that gould Cost Trade findinge it [word deleted] proffitable, if they [letter deleted] could enioye it single and solely, resolued to leaue noe way vnattempted to prevent any Coriualls (for they crye all as ---) findinge that we were better prouided with Beads for that Trade then themselues and if they would goe to the cheapest market for them must buy them of your Remonstrant, and they beinge soe considerable a commoditie for that Trade, as that there was vented

into Ginney about .10000 pownds worth yearly. The Duch held that to great an advantage to vs to enioye in the pursuance of the gould Coast Trade, and soone fownd out a designe not only to defeate vs of that advantage, but as much as in them lay to destroy the Remonstrant, whome they knewe supported that buisinesse And sent to Ginney a verie great quantie of Beads of all sorts, and gaue order to theire Factors in all places, with all the Commodities, and Marchandizes they sould to[struck through ?] giue in ouer and aboue a good quantitie of Beads, therby to embase them and bring them out of request, which designe (though others formerly failed them) that tooke effect fully to theire expectation for therby Beads which was before the most estimable commoditie sould in those parts, (soe that whosoeuer cam thither to trade without them could not haue vented his other Commodities was therby become soe base beinge common and soe plentifull for nothinge that they would scarce take them of guift.
Soe that now this hopfull designe of Beades beinge at soe great a charge and losse brought to perfeccion beinge thus destroyed, to prevent a further losse, it proued the best course, to discharge the workemen and lay downe the buisinesse, by which one particular the said Remonstrant suffered a dead losse of aboue .6000. pownd, many of the Beads lyinge on his hand to this day,
<left margin, another hand: Los of 2000 l. by Sir Robert Mansfeld vnder pretens that bedes ware in his paten was [forsed?] in [Istor?] after [great?] [trubles?] & [loss?] to pay him For quietnes sake 200l a yeare>
After all which practizes of the Duch, which in the maine faileinge theire expectation in that the Remonstrant in those tymes, was supported in this worke by the Assistance of other great and proffitable employments he had then in agitation, by which he was enabled out of his particular Cash frequently to supply that Ginney Trade, with great summs of money as is well knowne by Mr Balloe, and the Accounts by him of that buisinesse, the necessitie, and greatnesse of that Trade requireinge some weekes the payinge into Cash 8. 10. and .12. thousand pownd; which was currantly made good by his assistance to the great reputation <and support> of the buisinesse wherby the Duch findinge, by all theire stratagems noe hope of gettinge vs out of that Trade nor from that Coast though they had lost by vndersellinge theire goods to destroy vs aboue .200000. pownd, as was often confessed by theire Factors to ours vpon the Cost. they frequently shewinge our Factors theire Commissions and direccions from theire Maisters the West India Company, that they should in all places, ride with a Shipp of theires by ours, and sell theire

goods at lesse then they cost in Europ to destroy vs, of which vnproffitable way of proceedinge they haueinge felt soe great a smart, as that by the losses there and otherwise, that Company haue gone behind hand many hundred thousand pownds, whoe consistinge of a great body, thought to outwether vs beinge but three priuat persons. But findinge themselues out of hope, and beinge wearie of this looseinge Trade, gaue order to theire cheife Factor at the gould Cost (as we conceaue by his offer) to giue our cheife Factor .30000. pownd, to pay the one halfe there in gould, and the other half by exchange in England for our Castle in Cormantine, and that seat of Trade which they fownd, was much better [word deleted] <situated> for Trade then any of theire Castles, which they well hoped would haue been accepted of, beinge about the begininge of our late troubles which offer was remitted to vs, and we to well knoweinge that it had cost vs, in the discouery settlinge and many losses aboue .100000. pownds above <more then> all retornes from thence as will apeare by publique Accounts kept therof, And we knoweinge vpon good grownds, if the Trade were regulated betwixt the Duch and vs (whoe only were in possession of it) we should cause the Heathens, (who only we made rich by our differrences) to giue vs as much more gould for the same goods which would in a few yeares repaire our losse and reward our industrie. vpon which consideracion we refused theire offer with much contempt, as knoweinge it to be the best Trade out of England, and now we had as firme and vninterrupted an Interest from any persons, as they.
Which Considerations caused some of the cheife Actors in the West India Company of Holland, to conferre with Sir William [word deleted] Boswell the late Kings Agent in Holland, whoe intimated to vs, if he receaued direccions from the Kinge, he was confident to settle a Regulation betwixt the Duch Ginney Company and us, which <we> haueinge great cause to endeauour the effectinge, haueinge soe longe and heauily suffred vnder the contest, procured lettres and direccions from the late Kinge, to Sir William Boswell to treat and settle with <the> West India Companie such a Regulation of Trade as we should advise him, which was soe well advanced, in the well secureinge each other by Factors of both to be vpon euery Shipp of Trade in all places to divide the Gould, and for keepeing out all

others from interruptinge vs in that Trade that in a verie few Months it would haue been soe settled that we might vpon our Agreement haueinge soe ordered it, made vp our Account for all sent out two for one in gould with<in> the yeare
In which verie tyme, our troubles in England soe encreased that the Holland Companie then hoped (as the Rauenous Kite with a vigilent eye allwaies mindeinge the preye) by our distraccions and diuisions at home, to gaine the sole enioyment of that Trade which by his many Stratagems he could neuer effect, and thervpon refused to proceed any farther in the Treatie
At the same tyme allsoe we were in treatie with the Kinge of Spaine, by Sir Raph Hopton <Embasadour for the Kinge> for the deliueringe of him 2500. Negers yearly at the west Indies, in which Accord we had proceeded soe farr, as to a settlement [2 letters deleted] of the rent the Kinge of Spaine was to haue yearly; And the priuileges and Trade we were to haue yearly, there wantinge only our [Phiason?] to be giuen for the settlement of it. <left margin: 4.> which in all probability would haue been more proffitable vnto vs, then the other Trade for Gould, Which likewise receaued an end vpon the encrease of theise troubles.
The Remonstrant beinge confident he might haue valued himself and his Interest, in the buisiness of the Gould Trade and Blacks, if they had been soe settled, (which would haue been without all difficulty had not theise troubles prevented it) his Interest beinge .3/4. parts of the whole, as doth plainly apeare by the ensueinge Relation) at aboue 20000. pownd a yeare, and would not haue taken it if any man would haue giuen it him to sitt still, beinge in a peaceable possession of this Trade, longe after a Committe of this Parliament, had neere a whole dayes depate in the duchie Chamber concerneinge, the Pattent and Ginney Trade, vpon the eager pursute of Mr Vassell whoe verie vnMarchant, nay vnManlike (though he never had the Iudgment, ressolucion or bouldnesse, to adventure any estate in the discouery of a thynge soe hazardable, yet he knewe how, sneakingly and vnder couert of the advantage beinge then a Parliament man to driue on most enviously his priuat designe vnder a publique pretence, haueinge then gott with some Associats Shipps reddy if his Plott had taken, therwith to reape the haruest that the Remonstrant and others had brough to perfeccion as before exprest But as the Remonstrant is confident this iust and trewe

Relation will satisfie any vnbyased man, it beinge verie cleere, vpon the testimony of publique Accountants and Accounts that the setlinge and discoueringe of this hath cost the Remonstrant, and those whose Interest <illegible insertion ?> he is in possion of aboue .100000 pownd dead losse as aforesaid by which is settled, in perpetuall to this Nation an establishment of a Trade by Fortification in Affrica by which hath been since the discouery imported half a Million of gould and if well Regulated will import yearly .60000. pownd from whence formerly was neuer any imported, That he well deserueth to enioye all the proffitts and advantages to come in the said Lease in recompence therof. Vpon which grownds likewise the Committe vpon the full heareinge were soe well satisfied of the [blot] merits of the Remonstrant that the Lease vnder the Greate Seale was retorned without the least preiudice or blemish, and was entirely enioyed with out the interruption of any many yeares after And Mr Vassall therby disapoynted of his designe and neuer proceeded with his Shipps, as he had plotted. But with disgrace, answerable to such a designe was gladd to employ them some where els. The Remonstrant concludeinge, with this further assurance, that when this whole matter shall be admitted to a faire, and cleere debate he shall be soe farr from receaueinge, any deminution, as that there will be besides the confirmation of the enioyment of the remaineinge tyme, some marke of gratitute, fixed vpon him by his nation, that may remaine for his honor to posteritie. The rewardinge of old merits be the best encouragments to greate achiuements. beinge certen he shall leaue behind him this marke for his memorie, that he with his Companions, brought the first gould out of Africa and setled the Trade in perpetuitie by Cormentine Castle Addinge this further reason of his confident expectation that the Parliament of England will confirme, his remaineinge Interest, for that, If any person whatsoeuer were he Englishman or Turke, if he should desire of the Parliament of England the like Graunt vpon the Condicions desired by him, it would be readily with all encouragments graunted to him Prouided he would sitt downe, as an English man to enrich this Nation by that Achiuement.
And if such iust and reasonable priviledge should be refused an Englishman at home, his ingenuity and Industrie, would be singularly rewarded by any Nation abroad, if he would sitt downe with them to doe the same things. it beinge the principall care, of all Nations to study all incouragments and rewards to those persons, whose Industrie doth

Naturallise forraine Mines and Treasures, as if by Trade, as if they were within the Bowells of theire owne soyle.
Vpon which grownds the Remonstrant is confident that neither the envie nor couetousnesse of others, nor his owne vnparalled Misfortunes shall prevent, that Lawrell of his Iust merrits for this greate Achiuement to be placed vpon him
And that his iust Interest may be cleered, out of all disput, he houlds it not impertinent in this place to sett downe, how as well the Legall, as the merited Interest of that graunt is iustly deriued to him
Soe that, if his Interest shall be fastned with a triple <Cord>
 1   Of Law and equitie
 2. The grand merrit of the discouery and settlement
 3. That the publique Interest and good is most concerued[altered] and advanced by his inioyinge of it.
That by the greatest Authoritie he and those Interested with him shall haue it invested vpon him them
 1. First his legall and equitable right to the Graunt is thus setled.
The Remonstrant himself Mr Slaney and Cloberg first vndertakeinge the worke, it proueinge soe heauy by reason of the great losses charges and obstruccions Mr Slany was not able to pursue and make good his Interest, therfore for the more honour and reputacion of the vndertakeinge. the Remonstrant, for the preseruinge of the Creddit of Mr Slany for 7 yeares together vpon agreement, supplyed the whole share and part of Mr Slany he drawing out his Stock as it cam home and in recompence of his losse sustained therby and in hope that the tyme to come would recompence all he gaue him [.1000.?altered] a yeare, and at the end of .7. yeares he beinge necessitous, agreed that the Remonstrant giueinge him 3000. pownd, he would Assigne ouer all his Intrest and hopes of the said Trade. Which he was loth to doe beinge out soe much before vpon that buisinesse. But his necessities pressinge, the Remonstrant held it better (not out of a desire to enioye a greater part but to prevent the discoueryng the great losse and charge of the buisinesse) he gaue him .3000. pound and tooke a Legall Assignment of his Interest. since which first disbursment hath been soe farr from reaping any gaine or reimbursment that he hath outed vast summs of money vpon that part, to which 10000. pownd giuen him a reasonable Interest being added will amount to aboue 20000. pownd   

It is heere fitly to be mencioned that Mr Iohn Wood in reward of his iust merrit vpon his retorne, after his well setling the Castle and Trade, we settled vpon him a share in the whole Trade
And since the begininge of this Parliament the other Partner Mr William Clowbery died, leaueinge his Brother Mr Oliuer Clowbery his Executor, whoe beinge called vpon to advance great Summs. for his brothers share. 2. or .300. pownd some weekes, said his Brother had left noe estate at all to pursue that trade, but had left him many debts to pay out of the proceed of that trade, which beinge not probable in many yeares to yeild any thinge but required much more supplies for the ample mainteyneinge of it soe that by the necessitous and poore estate of Mr William Clowbery and to prevent a present disparagment vpon the buisiness the Remonstrant and Mr Iohn Wood, were necessitated to buy the share and parte of William Clowberry of Mr Oliuer Clowbery his Brother for which we gaue him 7600. pownd. Out of which part of Mr William Clobery the said Mr Iohn Wood made vp what part he had before a full 4th part of the whole./
Soe now it is plaine, and by writeings vnder hand and Seale it doth legally apeare, that the Interest of the Ginney Lease and Trade is thus deuoulud 3/4 parts belongeinge to the Remonstrant, and his Brother Mr Samuell Crisp deceased, to whome he is Administrator. and the other 4th parte to Mr Iohn Wood. And the Remonstrant feareinge least Sir Richard yonge and Sir Kenelme Digby beinge named in the graunt as Intrested, if the buisinesse after soe vast a charge should proue profitable might demaund a share by suruiuorship or otherwise, he compounded with both of them for theire Interest giueinge each of them a considerable summe for which they conveyed legally theire right and Title to the Remonstrant, And for the other nominated in the Graunt Mr George Kirke, he assigned his Interest, for a certen summe to be paid him yearly.
 2   Soe that heerby it the Remonstrant is confident; the graunt beinge Legall because equitable as a Iust reward to the deserued merit of theire discouery as is[altered from as] made good by the whole precedent matter, and theire deriued Interest therinto, there remaineth nothinge necessarie to put the whole matter out of dispute but as it is legally and equitably theirs. soe it for the publique advantage and good that the Remonstrant should enioy it accordingly. which is made good as followes.
 3. The Publique good and Interest is most advanced when

those that deserue well of it, are vpon the publique Interest publiquely rewarded which is the only whetstone to encourage others to the like noble and publique Achiuements
2.   Allsoe, this Trade thus discouered and settled, will be managed more to the advantage of the publique by the importinge a third part more of gould in the hands of the discouerers and setlers of it; then by beinge left in common to who euer will follow it. As will be is made most aparent by the mischeifs little gould imported, and the many mischeifs and confusions haue fallen out since the Interlopers haue setled vpon that Trade, which if not suddenly remedied will be the confusion and losse of it. as is at large mencioned in a Relation deliuered in to the Councell of State
The Remonstrant haueinge as he conceaueth fully cleered his iust and deeply merited Interest of 3/4 parts of the Graunt for the Ginney Trade, of the tyme yet not expired, which is not aboue .12. yeares, is a verie short tyme to repaye the great losse that hath been sustained in the discouery and settlinge that Trade, which as by the particulars mencioned, and Accounts kept by publique persons extant, will amount to a vast summe. Soe that it doth allmost exceed his best hopes if he should enioy all the advantages of the Trade for the short remaineinge tyme it will not reimburse his losse, much lesse recompence, his vnimaginable industrie, feares, and troubles, which by his zeale to accomplish such a worthy worke for his Contry made him cheerfully and vndantedly soe vigorously to pursue it, and not to be daunted, or discouraged, either by the greatest of Forraine, or domestique oppositions beinge confident he haueinge once ouercome it the thinge it self would sufficiently reward him in the merrit of it, to perpetuat him in an honorable memorie from <with> his natiue Contrie, and the proffit of it as a iust gratitude from them with all readdinesse be rendred vnto him, and posteritie, vntill the waters, that should springe from that Fountaine (without any cost of the Nation) should <not only> fill vp those Cisterns of his estate, which he had emptied for the wateringe and mannageinge of the worke. but allsoe as a reward to his vnexampled Fortitud <fill and> replenish him in some measure answerable to his vast vndertaking and Actinge therein.   

The want of which rewards in theise latter Ages to Actiue Spirits that haue giuen out them selues for theire Contries honor and Advantage from abrode and permittinge lazie drones at home, whoe haue neither Invention, Industry, nor ressolucion to adventure theire Estats in things soe hazardable, though neuer soe publiquely good) to stepp in vnder the pretence and couert of a Clamorous multitude pretendinge an the benefitts of others great Achiuements (though attained at neuer soe great hazard) to be to good for theire privat enioyment but rather to be layed in common, that soe thy may share vnder the pretence of a publique good, for theire private proffit, and spare not often to sacrifice theire power and Interest in publique trusts, for the attaineinge of theire priuate ends
Which practizes haue since the Actions of that famous Rawleigh <Drake and others> (then soe highly esteemed) soe prevailed in all tymes, that the naturall Industrie, and gallantry of this Nation, haht been soe embased and laid lowe, that take a viewe, of this Nations Plantations and discoueries abroad since that <those> tymes, and you will find little or noe considerable establishments abroade in the world by Fortificacions or Plantations of our Nation that make vs either honorable or considerable by strength abrode or proffitable to the Nation at home, most of them hauinge been ymployed, to the consumption of our Nation in lowe and base ymployments of Plantinge Tobacco, which as it hath produced little proffit to the Planters <abrod> soe it hath been distructiue and vnproffitable to the Nation at home, giueinge noe encrease neither [letter deleted] to the Treasure nor any Fortifications to their honour or safty abrode not haueinge in theise many late yeares, in any parts abroade, erected any Castles, or Fortifications, noe not in our grand places of Trade in India though exampled thervnto by the vigilent Duch, whoe haue made theire Nation, at this day as considerable for strengh Honor and proffit in many parts of India as in theire owne Contry theire designe beinge first to make them selues stronge and considerable which is the surest foundation of future proffit. And our Nation, skimeth vp and downe the world for the present yeares profitt neuer layeing foundation stones for future substantiall structurs which is occasioned vpon the former grownd. That the Hollanders place vpon those persons, (and them only), vpon whose stock, Industry and Adventure, any discouery Settlement and Plantation is made, they only shall enioy and reape

the benefitt of <it>, not permittinge any of the same Nation vpon what pretence what soeuer to giue them any interruption, but they, and those only those that <discouer and> purchase the Interest of the first discoueres shall enioy the benefitt of it. As in theire now East India Trade, theire Action from the First Adventurers though they haue made theise many yeares a yearely division of a great parte of theire stock yet it remaineth to be sould from man to man [half line blank] and buieth and selletheth as reddily for money as theire Land Retorneinge into that Nation, aboue two Millions a yeare Treasure by produce of Indian Commodities gained by theire Plantations and Trade in India for which they send out verie little in goods or Treasure. And on the contrary we of this Nation sinke yearly in our Trade and if not suddenly rectified by some course that is in preparation to be tendred, the Duch will wholly eate vs out of that Trade
Which is cheifly occasioned by <(next> the vnheard of Iniuries of the Duch, for which wee neuer could haue any reparation but lest made subiect to grater Iniuries) [left margin: Referre to the Amboyna paper] by the not incouraginge of the first discouerers and Planters of that Trade, that they and the purchasers of them should enioy the sole benefitt of theire discouery (which purchasinge in tyme, would haue made it with greater advantage <more common> by incourageinge Industry, then <by> layinge <open to all)> it in <more> common, which doth destroy it which now is soe by the permittinge of a Courteen contrarie to privelleges vnder the Great Seale graunted to the Company to invade theire Interest with a high hand. The Earle of Warrick, Cobb, Ayers, and others by Authoritie to committ great Piraces vpon the Natiues, contrarie to all Lawes and Rules of Amity, for which the Companies seruants and estates haue beene in perill of vtter ruine and destruccion, (had <not> theire owne Reputaccion and fiaire carriges, giuen testiomony to the Natiues[altered from Nations] <that they were Inocent>. (As Mr Methold and others by too deere bought experience can well testifie. At whose reterne m Yet at best the Company made theire reparation after theire great charge and losse to the Indians for all theire losse and dammage, whatsoeuer they would pretend, which are proued at seuerall tymes to <amount to> a very great value, wherof at noe tyme, any reperation could be obteyned from those that did the Iniurie, thoug they

retorned richly laden with very great Booties which the Company payed for, which hath been the trew reason and occasion, that the English haue noe better thriued nor been at charge for settlements abrode, beinge allwayes depriued by some or other, vnder some publique pretence by priuate designes, as Mr Vassell, Capten Cranly and others now endeauour to doe, not only in shareinge in that which is as Iustly the Remonstrants owne deerly purchased Interest but therby will vnavoydably as apeares by a Relation heere with adioyned vtterly destroy, that proffitable trade to this Nation.
The Remonstrant haueinge thus deriued his iust Interest and cleered the Publique advantages that, will many wayes accrewe not only by the encourageinge others by his reward to endeauour the like great vndertakings. but is allsoe most profittable to the publique, that he should by importation of more Gould, in his and his Partners prosecution of it therby beinge left in Common as now is practized to his ruine and discouragment of all future Industrie both from him and other, if not suddenly rectified
The Remonstrant conceaueinge, there remaineth only one Obiection to be cleered, which some tymes he meeteth with, and is pressed much to his preiudice (which is. Though all the aforesaid be graunted, and that the Remonstrant was in Ianuary .1642. in peaceable possession of his Trade in Ginney, without the least opposition or Interrupcion of Mr Vassell or any other person (and then only began to be in some hope of gaine towards his great charge and losse by regulation with the Duch <yet> by his <goeinge> from London into the Late Kings Quarters, and adhereing to his partie had forfeited all that his Interest in Ginney,
Which the Remonstrant doubteth not but in the vnderstanding of all indifferent and moderat men to cleere by a two fould Answeare:
 1. A rationall me seeminge necessitie as his case <then> stood with his present Iudgment <conceaveth noe man> would haue done otherwise and tendeth only for the mittigation of theire censures, that then were of a contrary Iudgment, and at least will extenuate if not excuse his soe doeinge.
 2. He standeth restored to his first Interest in Ginney by the Parliaments owne Orders, hi and his Composition vpon Articles, which he doubteth not but to make cleere.

As to the First. The Remonstrant desires that it may be remembred, abo That about the begininge of this Parliament, Sir Paul Pinder, Sir Io. Wolstonham. Sir Io Sir Iohn Iacob. Sir Thomas Dawes. Sir Iob Harby. Sir Iohn Nulls. Sir Io. Harrison and the Remonstrant were questioned by the Parliament as Delinquents for Farmeinge the Customs not beinge settled by Parliament and a Committee appoynted to treate with us, to submitt to the payment of a great summe, for the redeeminge of vs from our Delinquencie, which after our many attendances vpon, they exceedingly in that tyme pressinge, how seasonably a supply of money would be for the quittinge of the Scotts Army <out> of England which lay heauy vpon them, and noe way to be good ridd of them but by present pay were by the great importunity of the Committe, assureinge vs how much it would reintigrat vs into the fauour and good opinion of the Parliament to doe soe seasonable a worke. And they assureinge vs that the Parliament as they tooke from vs the Receipts of the Costoms which were securitie to vs vnder the Great Seale of England for aboue .300000. pownd that we were engaged and advanced for the late Kinge should be secured and payed, out of some parts of the late Kings Reuennue, and that an Act of Obliuion should passe the howse for our Indempnitie, vpon which grownd of which theire promise and assurance we can produce eminent wittnesse vpon oth. vpon which only confidence we submitted to the payment of .165000 pownd, more then the Ronsome of the greatest Kinge. Which vpon our engagement, we fownd our selues alltogether vnable to pay, vnlesse we were secured of the same engagements and soe peticioned the Parliament. Which Petition, with theire Answeare, is heerewith Ioyned, wherby and vpon the farther assurance that care should be taken of vs to be discharged we ioyned by new securitie, and tooke vp a great part of the said fine, which was reddilly lent vs by many of our former Creditours, in confidence, as we did, that the payinge that money secured our former debt, which whole fine we payed in therby involueinge ourselues in a further great debt, which all the world will easely conclude we would neuer haue done but in confidence

that the Parliament would haue discharged our engagements, by the late Kings, Forrests and Parkes which he himself had <often> consented vnto, and giuen order for the Commissioners of his Treasurie, whoe consisted of many Parliament men well approued of the Parliament.
After which the troubles much encreaseinge, And the late Kinge departinge from his Parliament there was noe fitt opportunitie, for some yeares to put the buisinesse any further on, especially with the Kinge, the Parliament declareinge all things confirmed vnder the Great Seale, after the carrieinge of it away should be void, and that none should transact any thinge with the Kinge, in Obedience wherevnto we pursued not our satisfaccion any further with him though he often tendered vs an securitie by any thinge he had, and depended only vpon the assurance we had of the Parliament, hopeinge all reasonable men will possitiue will easely belieue this possitiue and cleere asseueration of the Remonstrant that had he not been confident of beinge cleered and freed from those vast engagements he would rather haue suffered the worst of Misfortunes that could haue befallen him that to haue payed that fine, which then would haue cleered a great part of the principall engagment. Wheras now if now disingaged, we liue the miserablest of men, and shall dye with a dishonor <for excusinge of> which an Ingenious spirit, would rather haue chosen to dye any deth   In pursuance to obteine, the Parliaments discharginge vs of those engagements, they weare againe Peticoned which Peticion with theire answeare, and how accordingly it proceeded with the Committe of the Nauy is likewise heervnto adioyned, which could not but breed a great confidence, in vs, the Parliament therin directinge, the Committe of the Navy to draw Ordinances
vpon which foot yet dependeth our hopes, that the Parliament haueing taken a Fine of vs of .165000. pownd, vpon our grownds before expressed, that they would discharge our Engagements hauinge:

Sir Nic. Crisp, to the Parlament