The Hartlib Papers

Title:Copy, "Praecognita Brookiana Dogmatica", Continued
Ref:22/3/7A-10B: 9A-10B BLANK
Notes:See also 22/3/5A-6B.

<Hartlib: Mr Brookes Judgment concerning Picturaries.>
As concerning Pictures I concurre with you against Euenius[H. alters initial O to E]. For in spirituall matters, while these thinges would seeme to promise much in guiding the sense they produce intolerable inconvenience by misguiding the heart, either bringing[altered] in new formes of godlinese or strenghtening the old: being both wayes the greatest enemies to the truth, which is a matter of power, not of forme; & beeing the immediate worke of God, not of man, or any other creature, hath the same character as all the rest of Gods immediate workes haue. that mans imagination may make a resemblance of it, & yet onely in his owne[altered] conceit, which is as farre from the things as is the image from the life of that which it represents to the sence. The Psalmist speaking as much Ps. 115. & adding more that rule Quicquid est in Intellectu, prius fuit in sensu, is only true in Naturall thinges, as Aristotle being but a Naturall man, was vnable to discerne the things that are spirituall. For though faith come by hearing: yet betweene this act of sense, & the worke of faith, there is as greate disproportion, nay a farre greater, then was betweene the strocke[altered] of Moses and the Rockes gushing out waters. Or hath euer beene betweene the instrument & the effect in any worke of this nature God imprinting that in the heart which neuer was, nor could be in the sense soe much as formaliter, much lesse eminenter. Otherwise there were something to bee ascribed to the arme of flesh which in this worke hath no more power, then Baall his Priests had to cause fire to come downe from heauen, for the consuming of their sacrifice. Euery man will condescend to this in words: but the experimentall worke

of regeneration that Goes[altered] soe farre beyond the Profession of these times, is only able to comprehend it, as it is written: wisedome is justified of here owne children Matt: 11. 19. Many thinke the Scripture calls that repentance, which they haue conceiued[altered from: conceited] to bee repentance in themselues, that the word understands, that faith which in theire imagination is faith [serting for serving] theire turne soe well, that they seeke noe farther: and soe in the rest which I may well call inward pictures, formes of theire owne framings workes of theyr owne hands according to theyr way & meaning, beeing as farre from the wayes of God, as darkenese is from light, whereby they draw the Scripture to themselues; whereas they should submite themselues to the Scripture. But if they were throughly emptied of themselves, in a harty sense of the greate distance betweene theyr wayes and Gods wayes: If they had but learned what this is. They which are the Children of the flesh, are not the children of God: but the children of the promisse are counted for the seed. Rom: 9, 8. These imaginations would then appeare in theyre owne colours, & cause more sorrow then they had euer before yeelded comfort, which were a happy sorrow indeed, & a repentance not to bee repented of. But I haue digressed beyond intention to the idoll in the heart as the Prophete termes it. Ezech: 14.3. by occasion & in detestation of Spirituall pictures; which whatsoeuer [men altered from man] talke of historicall <use> they may in my judgement bee fitly termed (as outward Idolls are there) the stumling blocke of iniquity, before the face. As concerning historicall Pictures in humane learning you know how I haue approoued them, but much more the Encyclopædia of sensuals, if it could be had. Wherevnto

the Iconologie which your Friend writet of seemes to tend. Such a thing if it were well done might stand instead of all textuall Picturaries <From bottom of 22/3/8B: and would in my conceit bee more serviceable for the purpose then a picturarie which> of the Janua Linguarum. Because in the Janua Things are so farre expressed as they suite with the fundamentall wordes of the Latine, the rest being omitted which[altered] perhaps may bee more then those that are set downe, where as here the comprehension of all particulars is intended, according to the seuerall kinds. But then I would haue these pictures not single shewing the bare thing: but compound expressing the place, the degrees of formation & augmentation, in naturall things soe farre as could bee manifested to the sense. The properties expressed by setting fort the operations & vses of the thing, with whatsoeuer other Sensuall circumstances may bee thought of: of which mans labour in ordering the Creatures, as also sympathisies and antipathies are notable grounds. The expositions should bee especially for the shewing of these sensuall circumstances. These if they were expressed both in Latine & in the mother tongue, & both Languages printed to answer each other in opposite pages or columnes, either of them might be conueniently[altered] hid & so read out of the other, that is seene; to wit either the vulgare languge out of the Latine: or this out of that. And then if the Picturarie & Expositions were separated, either in euery classis of the same volumne, or printed in seuerall volumnes, or any other way, that might bee thought more conuenient, hee that can read the Latine of the Exposition out of the translation, may with great benefit exercise himselfe looking upon the picture to make report in Latine of all particulars, remembring what words & phrases hee can & for the rest vsing his owne liberty, where in a uery liuely manner the picture will giue the conceit, & the conceit where the Language is any thing familiar, will notably supply the words. And this is the farre more ingenious & naturall way, then the former, of reading one translation out of an other. For it helpes the weakest

memory & dullest conceit in refreshing by the externall species the internall that are almost quite gone: & withall in leauing such an vnderstanding to its owne strenght, to put what forme it will upon the renewed matter, it doth in a most easy & pleasing way draw it on to perfection the preparation as I said being allready made by the former excercise of reading either language[altered] out of the other. But this, if the Pictures bee expressed to the life, must needs bee a matter of great expense. If they bee not, the benefite will bee uery little, as may appeare by Gerrards Herball, where some reports, that there are diuers cuts of herbes soe farre from that they represente, as that they rather pussle then direct the Reader, that shall make vse of them for his helpe in inquiry. In the last place I thinke no man will denie, that where the things themselues may bee had: the vse of Pictures in the Encyclopædia of singulars will bee rather for the repetition of that, which is allready knowne in the thing. then for the knowledge of that which is yet vnkowne. For the thing affecting the sense with much more life & power, is best for the radicating of the object, which where in case of necessity the thing being not to bee had, it is first imprinted by the picture, hauing at its best but a shaddow of liuely hoad, must needs bee exceeding weake, as beeing but a representation of a representation: Whether in this necessary defect Whether in this necessary defect the booke, which you mention will supplie any helpe, I thinke it were a thing very fitt to bee enquired after. For it seemes to aime at the same thing, which is here intended.