Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Nicholas Hall45. Margery Polley46. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 47. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 48. John Aleworth 49. Martyrdom of James Abbes 50. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 51. Martyrdom of John Newman52. Richard Hooke 53. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 54. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 55. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 56. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 57. Martyrdom of William Haile 58. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 59. William Andrew 60. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 61. Samuel's Letters 62. William Allen 63. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 64. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 65. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 66. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 67. Cornelius Bungey 68. John and William Glover 69. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 70. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 71. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 72. Ridley's Letters 73. Life of Hugh Latimer 74. Latimer's Letters 75. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed76. More Letters of Ridley 77. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 78. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 79. William Wiseman 80. James Gore 81. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 82. Philpot's Letters 83. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 84. Letters of Thomas Wittle 85. Life of Bartlett Green 86. Letters of Bartlett Green 87. Thomas Browne 88. John Tudson 89. John Went 90. Isobel Foster 91. Joan Lashford 92. Five Canterbury Martyrs 93. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 94. Letters of Cranmer 95. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 96. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 97. William Tyms, et al 98. Letters of Tyms 99. The Norfolk Supplication 100. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 101. John Hullier 102. Hullier's Letters 103. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 104. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 105. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 106. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 107. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 108. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 109. Gregory Crow 110. William Slech 111. Avington Read, et al 112. Wood and Miles 113. Adherall and Clement 114. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 115. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow116. Persecution in Lichfield 117. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 118. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 119. Examinations of John Fortune120. John Careless 121. Letters of John Careless 122. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 123. Agnes Wardall 124. Peter Moone and his wife 125. Guernsey Martyrdoms 126. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 127. Martyrdom of Thomas More128. Examination of John Jackson129. Examination of John Newman 130. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 131. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 132. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 133. John Horne and a woman 134. William Dangerfield 135. Northampton Shoemaker 136. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 137. More Persecution at Lichfield
Person and Place Index   *   Close
Adriana Rogers

Wife of John Rogers

Adriana Rogers petitioned Stephen Gardiner for her husband's release. 1563, p. 1037; 1570, p. 1660; 1576, p. 1416; 1583, p. 1487.

She searched in her husband's cell for his writings. 1570, p. 1663; 1576, p. 1416; 1583, p. 1492.

Accompanied by her ten children, she met John Rogers on his way to the stake. 1570, p. 1664; 1576, p. 1416; 1583, p. 1487.

Person and Place Index   *   Close
Robert Aldrich


Bishop of Carlisle, 1537-1556 [DNB, Fasti]

Aldrich was one of the examiners of John Rogers on 28 January 1555. 1563, pp. 1026-28; 1570, pp. 1659-60; 1576, pp. 1416-77; 1583, pp. 1486-87.

[Foxe refers to him as 'Aldris', 'Aldrise' and 'Aldresse'.]

Person and Place Index   *   Close
Sir Richard Southwell

(1504 - 1564)

Master of the Ordinance; elder brother of Sir Robert Southwell. Courtier and official. (DNB)

Sir Richard Southwell was a signatory to a letter from the privy council to Bishop Bonner, dated 27 November 1554, informing him that Queen Mary was pregnant and ordering him to have prayers and Te Deums said throughout his diocese (1563, pp. 1014-15; 1570, p. 1647; 1576, p. 1405; 1583, pp. 1475-75).

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Southwell was one of the examiners of John Rogers on 22 January 1555. 1563, pp. 1023-26; 1570, pp. 1657-59; 1576, pp. 1414-15; 1583, pp. 1484-86.

He was present at John Rogers' execution on 4 February 1555. 1570, p. 1664; 1576, p. 1420; 1583, p. 1493.

He was one of the commissioners who interrogated Robert Ferrar on 4 February 1555. 1563, p. 1732; 1570, pp. 1722-23; 1576, p. 1471; 1583, pp. 1553-54.

Richard Southwell was one of the privy councillors who signed a letter to Bishop Bonner, dated 28 April 1555, ordering the bishop to proceed posthumously against John Tooley in ecclesiastical court. 1563, p. 1142; 1570, p. 1757; 1576, p. 1500; 1583, p. 1584.

Bradford was brought to speak to Bonner by the under-marshal of the King's Bench. Talk took place between the lord chancellor, Bonner and John Bradford on 22 January 1555, during which the bishop of Durham, Sir Richard Southwell, Sir Robert Rochester, and Secretary Bourne questioned Bradford's eucharistic doctrine. 1563, pp. 1185-88, 1570, pp. 1782-84, 1576, pp. 1522-23, 1583, pp. 1605-06.

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A declaration was made at Paul's Cross by William Chedsey at Bonner's commandment. He mentioned two letters, one from the queen and another from the privy council. The council letter was about procession and prayer at the agreement of peace between England and France. The signatories were: Francis Shrewsbury, Penbroke, Thomas Cheyny, William Peter, Thomas Wharton and Richard Southwell. Foxe suggests that he had seen the letter. 1563, p. 1217.

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He sent a letter to Bishop Bonner about William Andrew. 1563, p. 1271, 1570, p. 1878, 1576, p. 1608, 1583, pp. 1702-03.

Robert Farrer's examination took place before the bishops of Durham and Worcester, Sir Robert Rochester, Sir Richard Southwell and Gilbert Bourne. 1563, p. 1732, 1570, p. 2296, 1576, p. 1990, 1583, p. 2136.

After Wyatt's rebellion, Southwell went to see Elizabeth at Ashridge and found her to be unwell. 1563, p. 1711, 1570, p. 2288, 1576, p. 1982, 1583, p. 2091.

Person and Place Index   *   Close
Thomas Thirlby

(1506? - 1570) (DNB)

Bishop of Westminster (1540 - 1550). Bishop of Norwich (1550 - 1554). Bishop of Ely (1554 - 1559). [Fasti; DNB]

Thomas Thirlby was one of the recipients of the proclamation from Philip and Mary authorising the persecution of protestants. 1563, p. 1561, 1570, p. 2155, 1576, p. 1862, 1583, p. 1974[incorrectly numbered 1970].

Thomas Thirlby was present at Gardiner's sermon, 30 September 1554 (1570, p. 1644; 1576, p. 1402; 1583, p. 1473).

He was one of the examiners of John Rogers on 22 January 1555. 1563, pp. 1023-26; 1570, pp. 1657-59; 1576, pp. 1414-15; 1583, pp. 1484-86.

He was one of the commissioners who condemned John Bradford, Laurence Saunders and Rowland Taylor to death (1570, p. 1699; 1576, p. 1450; 1583, pp. 1523-24).

He was sent as an ambassador to the pope on 19 February 1555. Foxe speculates that this embassy concerned the restoration of monastic lands. 1570, p. 1729; 1576, p. 1477; 1583, p. 1559.

A letter regarding Green's treason was sent to Bonner by the privy council on 11 November 1555 but not delivered until 17 November. It was signed by Winchester, Penbroke, Thomas Ely, William Haward, John Bourne, Thomas Wharton. 1563, p. 1460, 1570, p. 2023, 1576, p. 1744, 1583, p. 1852.

Thirlby and Bonner came to Cranmer with a new commission on 14 February 1556. 1563, pp. 1489-92; 1570, pp. 2058-59, 1576, pp. 1775-76, 1583, pp. 1881-82.

Thirlby examined and condemned John Hullier. 1563, p. 1515, 1570, p. 2086, 1576, p. 1800, 1583, p. 1906.

John Hullier was examined and sent to Cambridge Castle by Thirlby. 1570, p. 2196, 1576, p. 1895, 1583, p. 2004.

Thirlby was imprisoned in the Tower after the death of Mary. 1570, p. 2301, 1576, p. 1993, 1583, p. 2101.

1508 [1484]

Queene Mary. The persecution life and story of M. Iohn Rogers martyr.
MarginaliaAnno 1554. February.¶ Here beginneth the eleuenth Booke, wherein is discoursed the bloudy murthering of Gods Saintes, with the particular Processes and Names of such good Martyrs, both Men and Women, as in this tyme of Queene Mary, were put to death.
The Story, Life and Martyrdome of Maister IOHN ROGERS.  
Commentary   *   Close
The Martyrdom of John Rogers

All of the material on Rogers's early life up to his imprisonment in Newgate was already printed in the Rerum (pp. 266-67). The Rerum also contains Rogers's account of his examinations (pp. 268-79). All of this material would be reprinted in every edition of the Acts and Monuments.

In the first edition of the Acts and Monuments, Foxe added the sentence condemning Rogers, taken from official records as well as Rogers's relation of what he would have saidat his examination if it had been permitted. There was also an additional account of Bonner refusing to allow Rogers to visit his wife before he was executed and a 'prophecy' that Rogers made to John Day. (Foxe reports that Day was the source for this). And, in the appendix to the first edition, Foxe printed an anecdote, which he must have heard while the 1563 edition was being printed, of Rogers's opposition, in Edward VI's reign, to clerical vestments.

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In the second edition of the Acts and Monuments, Foxe deleted most of Rogers's account of what he would have written, only producing a short extract from it. He also replaced his earlier account of Rogers's execution with a more detailed one, which was probably obtained from a member of Rogers's family, possibly the martyr's son Daniel. Foxe also added an account of Daniel Rogers discovering his father's writings; this was very probably obtained from the same source. And Foxe moved the anecdote of Rogers's opposition to vestments from the appendix and integrated it into his account of Rogers.

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In the third edition of the Acts and Monuments, Foxe simply reprinted the account of Rogers from the second edition without alteration. In the fourth edition, Foxe reprintedthe account from the second edition, also adding Roger's account of what he would have said at his examination, which had not been printed since the first edition.

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MarginaliaFebruary 4.  

Commentary on the Glosses   *   Close
The Martyrdom of Rogers

As with the sections that precede it, this one is strong on narrative, and many of the glosses reflect this (e.g., 'M. Rogers Chaplayne to the Marchaunt aduenturers at Antwerpe'; 'M. Rogers brought to the Gospell by M. W. Tindale, & M. Couerdale'; 'M. Rogers goeth to Wittenberge'; 'M. Rogers returneth from Saxonie into England in K. Edwards tyme'). In a departure from the usual practices in the 1563 edition, the names of speakers are placed in the margin during the portions of the text concerned with Rogers' examinations. The later editions insert the names into the text, reflecting their need to make space available for other forms of comment. The 1563 layout here is further evidence that Foxe had not yet fully worked out a set of conventions governing his annotations at this stage: 1563 was more experimental and irregular than later editions (but see the beginning of Book X for evidence which points another way).

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Several changes after 1563 show Foxe sharpening his attacks on the papists in later years. For example, the gloss 'The catholike church' is replaced by the polemically more powerful 'No head of the Catholicke Church, but Christ' from 1570; other examples are 'The papistes ar loth to abide trial' and 'A fayre pretense to excuse your ignorance'; 'Catholike what yt signifieth' and 'The Popes church proued not to be Catholicke'; 'Mariage of priestes' and 'Lawfulnes of priestes mariage'. These examples suggest that Foxe's more comprehensive and careful annotating from 1570 onwards in part grew out of a desire to make the most of the opportunities it afforded for making polemic points. One example shows an interesting shift in tone after 1563: the more vindictive and demotic 'Here my Lorde lacked but an onion to make the teares com oute' comment of 1563 became 'These murderers pretend a sorrow of hart and yet they will not cease from murdering', which makes the same point, but more directly. Thus, Foxe after 1563 seems to have allowed more space for attacking the opposition, but did so in a more careful manner.

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His attacks are often (following Rogers) procedural ('Steph Gardiner refused to haue the truth to be tryed by learning'; 'Gardiner wil compel to that, which he cānot teach to be true'; 'M. Rogers could not be heard to speake'; 'Confused talke without order'; 'M. Rogers imprisoned against all law and right'; 'M. Rogers punished before any law was broken'), and they also point out the cruelty ('The Pope a destroyer of maryage and maynteyner of whoredome'; 'M. Rogers could not be suffered of Boner to speake to his wife before his burning'), ignorance ('A fayre pretense to excuse your ignorance') and vice ('The Bishop of Winchester iudgeth M. Rogers, by his owne disease') of the persecutors, while also joining Rogers in capitalising on the past opinions and allegiances of the persecutors ('The Bishops contrary to theyr former doinges and wrytinges'; 'The Byshops neyther will stand by theyr assertion, nor yet will suffer other men so to doe'). The last of these glosses neatly combines an attack on the hypocrisy of the bishops who will not hold to their old opinion with criticism of their cruelty for persecuting Rogers for doing precisely that.

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Providing contrast to the failings of the papists, the glosses emphasise Rogers' pious concern for his family ('M. Rogers carefull prayer for his wife and children'), his generosity ('Prouision by M. Rogers for the prisoners') and his steadfastness ('M. Rogers refuseth his pardon'). Two pairs of glosses contrast protestant virtue and papist vice ('M. Gosnold laboured for M. Rogers' and 'Great mercy of Winchest. no lesse then the Foxe hath to the chickenes, or the Wolfe to suck the bloud of Lambes'; 'The godly spirite of M. Rogers' and 'Marke here the spirite of this prelate'). A series of glosses concerned with Rogers' prophecies appears at the end of the section: 'M. Rogers seemeth to prophesie here of England, and that truely' notes that Rogers 'seemeth' to predict the defeat of the papists, and this gloss is followed by others predicting the return of the exiles and the gospel, and concerning Rogers' attitude to the ministry and 'Priestes cappes'. The 'seemeth' perhaps functions as a device to remind the attentive reader that the threat of antichrist is never entirely subdued. This is especially significant given the glosses which follow on the provision of preachers and caps: these glosses would have been read in the shadow of the fear of antichrist. In line with established practice, 1583 has 'read afore' where 1570 and 1576 give accurate references.

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MarginaliaThe lyfe & story of M. Iohn Rogers.THE fourth daye of February, suffered the constant Martyr of God. M. Iohn Rogers, concernynge whose life, examinations, and suffring, here followeth in order set forth. And first touching his lyfe and bringing vp. Iohn Rogers brought vp in the Vniuersitie of Cambridge, where hee profitably trauelled in good learning, at the length was chosen and called by the Merchants Aduenturers, to be their Chaplaine at Antwerpe MarginaliaM. Rogers Chaplayne to the Marchaunt aduenturers at Brabant, whome he serued to their good contentation many yeares. It chaunced him there to fal in company with that worthy seruant and Martyr of God, William Tindall, and with Miles Couerdale (which both for the hatred they bare to the popish superstition and idolatry, and loue to true religion, had forsaken their natiue country.) MarginaliaM. Rogers brought to the Gospell by M. W. Tindale, & M. Couerdale.In conferring with them the scriptures, he came to great knowledge in the Gospell of God; in so much that he cast of the heauy yoke of Popery, perceiuyng it to be impure and filthy Idolatry, and ioyned himselfe with them two in that paynefull & most profitable labour of translating the Bible MarginaliaOf M. Rogers doing in this translation read afore.into the Englishe tongue, which is intituled: The translation of Thomas Mathew.  
Commentary   *   Close

On the identification of John Rogers as Thomas Matthew, see Mozley (1953), pp. 131 and 136-41.

He knowing by the scriptures, that vnlawful vows may lawfully be broken, and that Matrimony is both honest and honourable amongest all men, ioyned hymselfe in lawfull matrimonye, and so went to MarginaliaM. Rogers goeth to Wittenberge.Wittemberge in Saxony, where he with much sobernes of liuyng did not onely greatly encrease in all good and godly learnyng: but also so much profited in the knowledge of the Dutch tong,  
Commentary   *   Close

I.e., German

that the charge of a congregation was orderly committed to his cure.  
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On this period of Rogers's life, see Mozley (1953), pp. 131-34.

Cattley Pratt   *   Close
Cattley/Pratt, VI, 592, fn 1

"Dutch" here means German, being derived from Deutsch, the German word for German. The Latin edition (Bas. 1559, p. 266) here says: Profectus illico Vuittebergam adeo in Germanica discendâ linguâ celeres fecit progressus," &c.

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In which ministery, he diligently and faithfully serued many yeares, vntill such tyme as it pleased God by þe faithfull trauell of his chosen and deare seruant king Edward the sixt, vtterly to banish all Popery forth of England, & to receuie in true Religion, settyng Gods Gospell at liberty. He then beyng orderly called, hauyng both a conscience and a ready good will to helpe forward the worke of the Lord in his natiue country, MarginaliaM. Rogers returneth from Saxonie into England in K. Edwards tyme.left such honest and certaine conditions as he had in Saxony, and came into England to preach the Gospel, without certaintie of any condition. In which office, after he had a space diligently and faithfully trauailed, Nicholas Ridley then bishop of London, gaue him a MarginaliaM. Rogers reader and Prebendary in Paules.Prebende in the Cathedrall Church of Paules, and the Deane and the Chapter chose hym to be the Reader of the Diuinitie lesson there,  

Commentary   *   Close

Curiously, Foxe has not mentioned that Rogers was the vicar of St Sepulchre, a wealthy and important London living.

wherein he diligently trauailed, vntill such tyme as Queene Mary obtaining the crowne, banished the Gospell and true religion, and brought in the Antichrist of Rome, with his Idolatry and superstition.

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After the Queene was come to the Tower of Londō,  

Cattley Pratt   *   Close
Cattley/Pratt, VI, 592, fn 2

Mary came up to London and arrived at the Tower, August 3d, 1553; see suprà, p. 388. - ED.

he beyng orderly called thereunto, made a godly and vehement Sermon at Paules Crosse, confirmyng suche true doctrine as he and other had there taught in K. Edwards

dayes, exhortyng the people constantly to remayne in the same, and to beware of all pestilent Popery, Idolatry, and superstition.  

Cattley Pratt   *   Close
Cattley/Pratt, VI, 592, fn 3

This ... Sermon was preached by Rogers, on Sunday, August 6th; see suprà, p. 390. - ED.

The Councel beyng then ouermatched with popish and bloudy bishops, MarginaliaM. Rogers called to accompt for his Sermon at Paules Crosse.called hym to accompt for his Sermon: To whom he made a stout, wittie, & godly answer, and yet in such sort handled himself, that at that time he was clearely dismissed. But after that, Proclamation  
Cattley Pratt   *   Close
Cattley/Pratt, VI, 592, fn 4

This proclamation is given {earlier in the text}, dated August 18th; but {elsewhere in the text} it is said to have been issued August 21st. See Machyn's Diary, p. 42. - ED.

was set foorth by the Queene to prohibite true preachyng, MarginaliaM. Rogers agayne called before the Counsell, and commaunded to keepe his house.he was called agayne before the Counsel, (for the bishops thirsted after his bloud.) The Counsell quarelled wyth hym concerning his doctrine, and in conclusion commanded hym as prisoner to keepe his owne house,  
Cattley Pratt   *   Close
Cattley/Pratt, VI, 592, fn 5

It seems from Haynes's State Papers of Lord Burghley, p. 170 (quoted by Wordsworth, Eccl. Biogr. ii. p. 304), that Rogers was confined before the proclamation; for the minute of the Privy Council in Haynes says, - "August 16th, John Rogers, alias Matthewe, a seditiouse preacher, ordered by the lords of the counsaill to kepe himself as prisoner at his howse at Powles, without conference of any personne, other than such as are daylie with him in householde, until suche time as he hath contrarie commaundment."

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and so hee did: although by flying he might easily haue escaped their cruell handes, and many thyngs there were, which myght haue mooued hym thereunto. He did see the recouery of religion in England for that present, desperate: he knew he could not want a liuyng in Germany, and he coulde not forget his wyfe and x. children, and to seeke means to succour them. But all these things set apart, after he was called to answer in Christes cause, he would not depart, but stoutly stood in defence of the same, and for the triall of that truth, was content to hazard his lyfe.

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Thus he remayned in hys owne house as prisoner a long tyme,  

Commentary   *   Close

Rogers was transferred to Newgate on 27 January 1554.

Cattley Pratt   *   Close
Cattley/Pratt, VI, 592, fn 6

The Latin edition, p. 267, adds here that his dwelling was very near the bishop of London's; and that the proverb was realized, xxx. According to Foxe, suprà, 393, he was confined to his house August 16th, 1553. - ED.

till at the length through the vncharitable procurement of Boner Bishop of London, who could not abyde such honest neighbours to dwell by him,  
Commentary   *   Close

In the Rerum, Foxe explains that Rogers's house was near to Bonner'sLondon palace (Rerum, p. 267).

he was remooued from his owne house, to the prison called MarginaliaM. Rogers sent to Newgate.Newgate, where he was lodged among theeues and murtherers, for a great space:  
Cattley Pratt   *   Close
Cattley/Pratt, VI, 593, fn 1

Rogers was committed to Newgate, Saturday, Jan. 27th, 1554, as Foxe states {earlier in the text}. So that he was more than a year in prison: the Latin edition, p. 267, says, "menses complures." - ED.

during which tyme, what businesse he had with the aduersaries of Christ, all is not knowen, neither yet any certaintie of his examinations, further thē he hymselfe did leaue in writyng, which God would not to be lost, but to remayne for a perpetuall testimony in the cause of Gods truth, as here followeth recorded and testified by his owne writyng.

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Cattley Pratt   *   Close
Cattley/Pratt, VI, Addenda: ref page 593

There is a copy of this Process against Rogers ... in the Emmanuel MSS. 2.2.16, No. 7, which supports Foxe; his first Edition calls this "The Confession and Answer, &c.," and so does the Emm. MS.

¶ The Examination and aunswere of Iohn Rogers made to the L. Chancellor,  
Cattley Pratt   *   Close
Cattley/Pratt, VI, 593, fn 2

Stephen Gardiner. - ED.

and to the rest of the Counsell,  
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I.e., the Privy Council.

the 22. of Ianuary, Anno. 1555.  
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BL, Lansdowne 389, fos. 187v-199r is a complete copy of Roger's examinations (including the answers he has not allowed to give). For a printed copy of this document, together with a detailed, albeit hypercritical, comparison of the manuscript with Foxe's version of it, see Chester, pp. 293-337, cf. Chester's overall assessment of Foxe's editing on pp. 151-54, 158 and 208-10. ECL 261, fos. 20r-44r is a partial copy of this material.

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Cattley Pratt   *   Close
Cattley/Pratt, VI, 593, fn 3

See Harleian MSS, Number 421, art. 20. - ED.

The Lord Chauncellour.

MarginaliaExamination & aunswere of M. Iohn Rogers.FIrst the L. Chancellour said vnto me thus. Sir, ye haue heard of the state of the realme in which it staudeth now.

Rogers. No my Lord, I haue bene kept in close prison, and except there haue bene some generall thyng sayd at the table whē I was at dinner or supper, I haue heard nothing, and there haue I heard nothing whereupon any speciall thing might be grounded.

L. Chan. Then sayd the L. Chancellor: Generall thynges, generall things, mockingly? Ye haue heard of my L. Cardinals commyng, and that the Parliament hath receyued his blessing, not one resisting vnto it, but one man which did speake against it. Such an vnitie, and such a myracle hath not bene seene. And all they, of which there are eyght score in one house,  

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I.e., the House of Commons.

Cattley Pratt   *   Close
Cattley/Pratt, VI, Appendix: ref page 593, line 24

{Cattley/Pratt alters 'sayd' to 'save' in the text.} It stands "said one" in all the editions of Foxe; but in the "Errata" to the edition of 1563 we are told that "said" is an error for "save." Who this noble-minded individual was, we learn from the following passage of Strype: "Nov. 28th (1554), the Parliament by an instrument declared their sorrow for their apostasy, and prayed the king and queen to intercede with the cardinal to obtain his absolution; and they all kneeled down and received it. Yet one, Sir Ralph Bagnal, refused to consent to this submission, and said, 'He was sworn to the contrary to King Henry VIII, which was a worthy prince, and laboured 25 years before he could abolish him: and to say I will agree to it, I will not.' And many more were of the same mind, but none had the confidence to speak but he." (Strype's Memor. iii. p. 204.)

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one that was by (whose name I know not) haue with one assent and * Marginalia* Ful sore against theyr wills if they could otherwise haue chosen.consent, receyued pardon of their offences, for the schisme that we haue had in England, in refusing the holy father of Rome to be hed of the Catholike Church. How say ye, are yet content to vnite and knit your selfe to the fayth of the catholike church with vs in the state in which it is now in England? Wyll ye do that?

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