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Actes and Monuments of the Church.

your hand what although the vaile hanged before moises face yet at Christes death it fell downe.  

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See Matthew 27: 51.

The stones will speake if these should holde ther peace  

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Luke 19: 40.

therfore harden not your hartes against the veritye.

For ferefully shall the Lorde apeare in the day of vengance to the troubled in cōscience. No excuse shall there be of ignorās but euery fatt shal stand on his own bottom. Therfore haue remorse to your conscience fear him that may kill both body and soule.

Beware of innocent bloode shedinge take hede of iustice ignorantly ministred: work discretly as the scripture doth commaunde loke to it, ye make not the truth to be forsaken.

We besech God to saue ovr king, king Henry the eight that he be not led into temptaciō. So be it.

This yere also it was ordeined and decreed and solemly proclamed by the kinges maiesty and his counsell that the English procession should be vsed thorow out all England accordinge as it was set forth by his saide counsell, and none other to be vsed thorough out the whole realme.

In this yere also the cruelty of the papistes was such, by meanes of the act of. vi. articles, that they troubled and vexed many very sore, forcinge them to recant and abiure. Amonge the which nomber the good mā doctor Crome  

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This is one of a number of favourable references to Edward Crome that only appeared in the 1563 edition. For discussion of Foxe's silent removal of positive references to Crome from the second edition of the Acts and Monuments see Susan Wabuda, 'Equivocation and Recantation during the English Reformation: The "Subtle Shadows" of Dr. Edward Crome', Journal of Ecclesiastical History 44 (1983), pp. 238-41.

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after diuers and sondry assaultes hadde with them, was also forced thereunto  
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Edward Crome was forced to recant in 1546, not 1545.

, who afterward againe, became a faithfull minister in the church of christ, and hath so continewed þe rest of his time to his great commendatiō and praise.

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MarginaliaPetrus Sapiens a frēch man burned at Tolouse.Also one Peter Sapience a french man of the country of Rheins, a yonge man of. xxx. yeres of age a Carmelit professed and a deuin of the vniuersity of paris, for his learned and godly sermons, was by the dominicane friers of Tolouse and other false Doctors burned in this yeare of our Lorde. 1545. MarginaliaEx vetusto quodam ipse gimate manu scripto

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¶ The trouble and persecutions which were at Callis at the preaching and teachinge of God his holy Gospell there by Adam Damlip with his deth and martirdome.

IN the. xxx. yere of kinge Henry the eighte,  

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In order to provide a link with the preceding narrative (on the three martyrs at Windsor in 1543), Foxe is beginning this account out of chronological order. Foxe is beginning, in 1543 (not 1544), with Damplip's execution.

MarginaliaWilliam Steuēs. one William Steuens an honest man, and one which ernestly fauored Godes worde found without the gates of Callis, one Gorge Bucker, otherwise na- MarginaliaAdam Dālip. Adam Damlip,  
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Persecution in Calais

Calais was the last English outpost left from the Hundred Year's War. It was governed by the King's Deputy, directly answerable to the King. Since 1533, this had been Arthur, Viscount Lisle, whose religious inclinations were conservative and who sponsored, to the best of his ability, conservative clerics and officials in Calais. Spiritual jurisdiction, however, was held by Thomas Cranmer, the evangelical archbishop of Canterbury, who used his patronage to place evangelical preachers in livings in the town. Moreover, Cranmer's commissary for Calais, John Butler, was aggressively evangelical. Supporting Cranmer, was Thomas Cromwell, the vice-gerent for Spiritual affairs and, effectively, Henry VIII's chief minister. The tensions that developed from this division of authority and confessional allegiance were exacerbated by the conservative efforts in the years 1538-43, to oust Cromwell and Cranmer from power and the energetic responses of both minister and prelate to these threats. (On the situation in Calais see A. J. Slavin, 'Cromwell, Cranmer and Lord Lisle, a study in the politics of reform', Albion 9 [1977], pp. 316-36; Philip Ward, 'The politics of religion: Thomas Cromwell and the Reformation in Calais, 1534-40', Journal of Religious Religious History 17 [1992-3], pp. 152-71 and The Lisle Letters, ed. Muriel St. Clair Byrne, 6 vols. [Chicago, 1981]). Also of significance was Henry's open enmity towards Reginald Pole, his kinsman and, since 1535, the major spokesman against the king. Henry's wrath and paranoia towards Pole would be exploited by both conservatives and evangelicals.

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Foxe's sources for the complicated, intertwined, narratives which follow were varied. The story of William Callaway and Dr. London first appeared in the Rerum, as did the account of the execution of Germain Gardiner (Rerum, pp. 143-4). The first came from Edward Hall, The union of two noble and illustre famelies of Lancastre and Yorke (London, 1550) STC 12734a, fo. 257r, the second probably was related to Foxe by John Bale. Both of these stories were repeated in all editions of the A&M. In the 1563 edition, Foxe added accounts of Adam Damplip (from unknown informants), Thomas Broke's speech against the Six Articles, accounts of the 1539 persecution of heresy in Calais, which came from informants, and accounts of the 1540 persecution of heresy in Calais, also obtained from informants, almost certainly including Thomas Broke's wife, who supplied the detailed narrative of her husband's ordeals. The 1563 edition also contained an account of an earlier heretic, William Button, who was forced to do penance in Calais sometime before 1532; Foxe states that this account was derived from informants in the town. And Foxe also added the recantations of John Athee and John Heywood, which he obtained from Bishop Bonner's register (Guildhall MS 9531/12, fos. 61r and 254v).

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In the second edition, Foxe eliminated much of the material he had printed in the 1563 edition, including Thomas Broke's oration against the Six Articles, much of the interrogations of Broke and the recantation of John Heywood. But he also added material on Adam Damplip's 1541 arrest, imprisonment and death, obtained, as Foxe declares from John Marbeck. Foxe also added material on the persecution of William Smith and also on the 1540 persecution in Calais, which was obtained, as Foxe notes, from informants in Calais, including some of those who had been persecuted. They were also the source for the account Foxe added on the persecution of an unnamed labourer and a man named Dodd. There was no change to any of this material in subsequent editions, except that John Heywood's recantation was restored in the 1583 edition.

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Thomas S. Freeman

which taried theyre onely in hope to get passage ouer, into England. And by conference of talke, the said Steuens vnderstoode, that the man was both lerned and alsovery wel affected: And moreouer that he had before time of blind zeale for conscience and religion sake, bene bent altogether to papistry, but euen at that present time he was come so far homeward, & retourned from Rome, MarginaliaRome the mother and sinke of sin. where he supposed to haue founde all godlines, and sincere religion, but in the stede therof found (as he comfessed) such blasphemy of God, contempt of Christes true religion, locens of life and abundāce of all abhominations and filthines (as the mother or sink of sinne) that it abhorred his hart and conscience any lōger to tary there, albeit he was requested by CardinalPole (a man of noble birth, but yet an Arch enemy vnto God, and to Christes true religion yea altogether geuen to papistry, ambiciō and hipocrisy) to continew there, and to reade. iii. times in the weke a lector in his house, for the which he offred him great enterteinmēt which he vtterly refused, fearinge least hee shoulde with the wicked haue perished, in that wicked place, if he had lōge taried ther. MarginaliaCardinall Poole. Which Cardinall Poole vpon his refusall gaue vnto him in reward at his departure towardes his charges a french croun, wtout doubt very dearlye bought for it cost the godly giltles man his life at the laste through the deuelish subtiltye and malice which the papistes bare againste him for his preachinge of the true word of god sincerly and truly,MarginaliaA french croun derly bought. as hereafter in more conuenient place shal more at large be shewed. But I will retourne to William Steuens. Who hartely intreted the said Adam Damlip to stay there at Callis and to preach a day or. 2 and therwith to do the people  
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This verbose denunciation of the papacy was omitted after the first edition of the A&M.

to vnderstande what he had founde by his peinefull traueling to Rome, wherby they, which thorough grosse ignorance and vayne superstition had not all together put out of theyre hartes that Antychrist of Rome, that auncient enemy of God and all Godly religon: the pope might the rather detest and abhorre his filthy false doctrin whereof this godly and lerned man was a seing. Witnes the said Adam gladly concented vnto the rquest of the saide Steuens so as he might be licenced by such as were in autority Whervpon the said Steuens at the opining of the gates brought him vnto the lorde Lisle the kinges deputy of the toun and marchis of Callis, vnto whome he declared thorowghly what conference and talke had bene betwene adam Damlip and him. Which knowen the saide lorde deputy instantly desired the sayde Damlip to stai ther & to preach. iii. or. iiii. days or more at his pleasure, sainge that he should haue both his licence and the commissaries also (which then was sir Ihon Butler)  
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Lord Lisle was Lord Deputy of Calais, the governor of the city and representative of Henry VIII. John Butler was Thomas Cranmer's commissary for Calais and represented the archbishop.

so to do. Where, after he had preched. iii. or iiii. times he was so well liked both for his lerninge, his vtterance and the truth of his doctrine, that not only the souldiers and commoners, but al

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