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Footnotes: Kirkstall church

1. See M. Thurlby, ‘Some design aspects of Kirkstall Abbey’, in Yorkshire Monasticism: Archaeology, Art and Architecture, ed. L. Hoey (Leeds, 1995), pp. 62-72.


2. Henry granted the community 1/2 mark from his farm at Clitheroe each year to pay for this light, The Coucher Book of the Cistercian Abbey of Kirkstall, ed. W. T. Lancaster and W. P. Baildon, Thoresby Socity VIII (Leeds, 1904), p. 55, no. LXXI.

3. ‘The Foundation of Kirkstall Abbey’, ed. and tr. E. Clark, Publications Thoresby Society IV (Leeds, 1895), p. 183.


4. W. H. St John Hope and J. Bilson, Architectural Description of Kirkstall Abbey (Leeds, 1907), p. 13.


5. Memorials of the Abbey of St Mary of Fountains I, ed. J. R. Walbran (Durham, 1863), no. xliii, pp. 205-6.


6. Canivez, Statutes I, 1134: 7; 1154: 24. The late thirteenth-century Beaulieu Account Book states that relatives of the community and other women who could not be refused without scandal should receive bread from the ‘furno’, beer from the cellarer and pittances from the sub-cellarer (although the guestmaster accounted for this in his audit), see The Account Book of Beaulieu Abbey, ed S. F. Hockey (Camden Soc., 4th ser. 16; 1975). This suggests that these women were provided for outside the precinct – or perhaps even in the outer court. Provisions were not to be given to prostitutes or local women save in exceptional times, Ecclesiastica Officia, 120: 18, 19 (p. 334).

7. Canivez, Statutes I, 1157: 10, 58.

8. Memorials of Fountains I, no. xliii, pp. 205-6.

9. Annales Monasticii II, p. 337. Further examples of the General Chapter’s hostility include its reaction to Queen Ingelburga of France’s two-day sojourn at Pontigny in 1205, and reports that women had stayed at Quarr Abbey on the Isle of Wight for six days in 1205, Canivez, Statutes I, 1205: 10, 59.

10. It is not clear whether this was Henry I’s queen, Adelaide, or Stephen’s queen, Matilda.

11. Gesta Abbatum Monasterii Sancti Albani, ed. H. T. Riley, 3 vols. (London, 1867-9), I, p. 79; this was adjacent to the guesthall erected at this time for the honourable reception of noble guests, which was probably situated to the west of the cloister, at right angles to the abbot’s chambers. Note that in 1264 Nicholas de Cauntlow’s wife gave birth at the Cluniac Priory of Lenton, see J. R. Moorman, Church Life in England in the Thirteenth-Century (Cambridge, 1945), p. 355.


Kirkstall Abbey Bibliography