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Usus Conversorum

The Usus Conversorum, was drawn up by Stephen Harding, probably in the early 1120s, and was used until the early thirteenth century as a reference work to establish uniformity of practice, Waddell, Usages, pp. 20-1. It is a thorough document and provides us with a clear insight to the daily life of the Cistercian lay-brothers, as it should have been practiced. The Usages has recently been edited and translated by Chrysologus Waddell, Cistercian Lay Brothers: Twelfth-century Usages with Related Texts (Brecht, 2000).