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Women as guests - Notes

1. Twelfth-century Institutes of the General Chapter, in Narrative and Legislative Texts from Early Citeaux, ed. C. Waddell (Citeaux, 1999), pp. 459-460.
2. J.M. Canivez, Statuta Capitulorum Generalium Ordinis ab anno 1116 ad anno 1786 8 vols (Louvain, 1933-41) I, 1134: 7 (p. 14); 1154: 24 (p. 58).
3. The Account Book of Beaulieu Abbey, ed S. F. Hockey (Camden Soc., 4th ser. 16; 1975).
4. Ecclesiastica Officia, 120: 18, 19 (p. 334).
5. Canivez, Statutes I, 1157: 10 (p. 61), 1157: 58 (p. 67).
6. Annales Monasticii ed. H. R. Luard (8 vols., London, 1864-9) II, p. 337. Further examples of the General Chapter’s hostility include their reaction to Queen Ingelburga of France’s two-day sojourn at Pontigny in 1205, and reports that women had stayed at Quarr Abbey on the Isle of Wight for six days in 1205, Canivez, Statutes I, 1205: 10 (pp. 308-9), 1205: 59 (p. 319).
7. Canivez, Statutes II, 1250: 23 (p. 350).
8. Twelfth-Century Statutes from the General Chapter, ed. C. Waddell (Brecht, 2002), 1201: 36 (p. 494).
9. It is not clear whether this was Henry I’s queen, Adelaide, or Stephen’s queen, Matilda.
10. Gesta Abbatum Monasterii Sancti Albani ed. H. T. Riley, 3 vols. (London, 1867-9), I, p. 79; this was adjacent to the guesthall erected at this time for the honourable reception of noble guests, which was probably situated to the west of the cloister, at right angles to the abbot’s chambers. Note that in 1264 Nicholas de Cauntlow’s wife gave birth at the Cluniac Priory of Lenton, see J. R. Moorman, Church Life in England in the Thirteenth-Century (Cambridge, 1945), p. 355.
11. Chronica Monasterii de Melsa I ed. E. A. Bond (RS, 1868-88) III, pp. 35-36.
12. Memorials of Fountains I, no. xliii, pp. 205-6.
13. Harper-Bill, ‘Visitation of Hailes’, p. 111.