The college of St. Bernards was founded
by the Cistercian Order in 1437. It was the initiative of Archbishop
intended as a college for Cistercian monks within the University
of Oxford.(1) The college
was not presided over by an abbot, but a provisor.
In 1482 the Cistercian General
that every monastery
with twelve monks should send one member to the Oxford college,
and that every monastery with twenty-six monks should send two.
Monasteries of only two or three monks were to join up with
other small communities
and combine forces to send one scholar on the group's behalf.(2) St.
College may well have escaped closure for at least a few years
after the Dissolution, although it is
to have been suppressed c. 1542.(3) During
the reign of Mary I the buildings were reorganised to form St.
College which still functions as part of the University of Oxford.(4)