CONS.CP.1826/5
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Reference:CONS.CP.1826/5
Repository:Borthwick Institute GB 193


Court:Consistory
Case:Tithe (Turnips, Potatoes, Cows, Lambs, Wool, Chickens, Eggs, Apples, Pears, Plums)
Details:36 Pieces; Has deposition; Has libel; Has sentence
Outcome:Sent on Appeal
Date: 2/12/1823 — 1829


People & Places
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Participant:Robert   Ellis [Ellis]
Role:appellate
Details:male; Clerk (Reverend)
Employment:Vicar of Burton Leonard
Location:Burton Leonard (YorkshireWestRiding)
Place(s):Burton Leonard (Burton Leonard) : ecclesiastical parish
Notes:Case moved from Dean and Chapter's court by reason of visitation



Participant:William   Kay [Kay]
Role:appellant
Details:male
Employment:Farmer
Location:Burton Leonard (YorkshireWestRiding)
Place(s):Burton Leonard (Burton Leonard) : ecclesiastical parish



Participant:George   Lawton [Lawton]
Role:prosecution proctor
Details:male
Employment:Notary Public
Location:York (York) : city



Participant:Thomas   Dew [Dewse]
Role:defence proctor
Details:male
Employment:Proctor
Location:York (York) : city



Participant:William   Mills [Mills]
Role:witness
Details:male; Gentleman
Location:York (York) : city



Participant:John   Charge [Charge]
Role:witness
Details:male; 35; Clerk (Reverend)
Employment:Rector of Copgrove
Location:Copgrove (YorkshireWestRiding)
Place(s):Copgrove (Copgrove) : ecclesiastical parish
Burton Leonard (YorkshireWestRiding)
Burton Leonard (Burton Leonard) : ecclesiastical parish



Participant:William   Barker [Barker]
Role:witness
Details:male; 30; Clerk (Reverend)
Employment:Curate of Burton Leonard
Location:Burton Leonard (YorkshireWestRiding)
Place(s):Burton Leonard (Burton Leonard) : ecclesiastical parish
Kirke Stayneley (Kirke Stayneley) : ecclesiastical parish
Cannot identify.



Participant:Thomas   Brown [Brown]
Role:witness
Details:male; 42
Employment:Blacksmith
Location:Copgrove (YorkshireWestRiding)
Place(s):Copgrove (Copgrove) : ecclesiastical parish



Participant:Kezia   Brown [Brown]
Role:witness
Details:female; 78; Widow
Location:Copgrove (YorkshireWestRiding)
Place(s):Copgrove (Copgrove) : ecclesiastical parish



Participant:Thomas   Barker [Barker]
Role:witness
Details:male; 40; Churchwarden of Burton Leonard
Employment:Farmer
Location:Burton Leonard (YorkshireWestRiding)
Place(s):Burton Leonard (Burton Leonard) : ecclesiastical parish



Participant:John   Pennington [Pennington]
Role:witness
Details:male; 59
Employment:Farmer
Location:Burton Leonard (YorkshireWestRiding)
Place(s):Burton Leonard (Burton Leonard) : ecclesiastical parish
Bishop Thornton (YorkshireWestRiding)
Bishop Thornton (Bishop Thornton) : undefined



Participant:Thomas   Nicholson [Nicholson]
Role:witness
Details:male; 40
Employment:Farmer
Location:Burton Leonard (YorkshireWestRiding)
Place(s):Burton Leonard (Burton Leonard) : ecclesiastical parish



Participant:John   Watson [Watson]
Role:witness
Details:male; 82
Employment:Farmer
Location:Burton Leonard (YorkshireWestRiding)
Place(s):Burton Leonard (Burton Leonard) : ecclesiastical parish



Participant:Richard   Thackeray [Thackray]
Role:witness
Details:male; 63
Employment:Farmer
Location:Burton Leonard (YorkshireWestRiding)
Place(s):Burton Leonard (Burton Leonard) : ecclesiastical parish



Participant:John   Read [Read]
Role:witness
Details:male; 60
Employment:Shoemaker
Location:Burton Leonard (YorkshireWestRiding)
Place(s):Burton Leonard (Burton Leonard) : ecclesiastical parish



Participant:Dorothy   Plummer [Plummer]
Role:witness
Details:female; 66; Spinster
Location:Burton Leonard (YorkshireWestRiding)
Place(s):Burton Leonard (Burton Leonard) : ecclesiastical parish



Participant:Anne   Hall [Hall]
Role:witness
Details:female; 76; Wife of Joseph Hall
Location:Burton Leonard (YorkshireWestRiding)
Place(s):Burton Leonard (Burton Leonard) : ecclesiastical parish



Associated Places
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Location:Burton Leonard (YorkshireWestRiding)
Place(s):Burton Leonard (Burton Leonard) : ecclesiastical parish
Location:Aldborough (YorkshireWestRiding)
Place(s):Aldborough (Aldborough) : undefined
Location:Burton Leonard (YorkshireWestRiding)
Place(s):Tithe Lath Garth (Tythe Lath Garth) : fieldname
Andus Garth (Andus Garth) : fieldname
Burton Leonard (Leonard Burton) : township
North End Lane (North End Lane) : street name
Halbert Field (Halbert Field) : fieldname
Location:York (York) : undefined
Location:Yorkshire

Place(s): Thornton (Thoreton) : undefined
Location:Burton Leonard (YorkshireWestRiding)
Place(s):The Shaw (The Shawe, The Shaw Field) : fieldname
Town Field (Towne Field) : fieldname
Barke Hill (Barke Hill) : fieldname
Little Barke Hill (Little Barke Hill) : fieldname
Mootham (Mootham) : fieldname
Hester Croft (Hestercroft) : fieldname
Oxgangs (Oxgangs) : fieldname
Breare Hills (Breare Hills) : fieldname
Chapel Field (Chappelle Field, Chapel Field) : fieldname
Blaylands (Blaylands) : fieldname
High Ryalls (High Ryalls, High Rials) : fieldname
Wilsties (Wilsties) : fieldname
Short Sandberres (Short Sandberres) : fieldname
Near Barekilns Pasture (Near Barekilns Pasture) : fieldname
Moor Lane (Moor Lane) : street name
Far Bare Kilns Meadow (Far Barekilns Meadow, Far Bare Kilns Meadow) : fieldname
Westerlong Lands (Westerlong Lands) : fieldname
Shaws (Shaws) : fieldname
Moor Close (Moor Close) : fieldname
Blancholmes (Blencholmes) : fieldname
Middlestyes (Middlestyes) : fieldname
Stonepits (Stonepits) : fieldname
Red Hills (Red Hills) : fieldname
Dody Hole (Dody Hole) : fieldname
Beckfield (Beckfield) : fieldname
East Brierhills (East Brierhills) : fieldname
Priest's Croft (Priest's Croft) : fieldname
Hess Crofts (Hess Crofts) : fieldname
Foograins (Foograins) : fieldname
Low Garth (Low Garth) : fieldname
Well Close (Well Close) : fieldname
Odus Garth Meadow (Odus Garth Meadow) : fieldname
Saddler's Garth (Sadler's Garth) : fieldname
Bare Kilns Pasture (Bare Kilns Pasture) : fieldname
Location:Chester (Chester) : city
Location:Bolton Le Moors (Lancashire)
Place(s):Bolton Le Moors (Bolton Le Moors) : undefined
Location:Manchester (Lancashire)
Place(s):Mosley Arms Inn (Mosley Arms Inn) : habitation
Location:Flint (Flint) : town
Cannot identify
Location:Lancashire

Place(s): Croft (Croft) : undefined
Described as 'near Warrington'.
Location:Manchester (Lancashire)
Place(s):Manchester (Manchester) : undefined
Abstract

Ellis alleged that Kay owed him tithes for various crops and livestock cultivated within the parish of Burton Leonard, stating that he was entitled to these as vicar. He further argued that Kay owed him money due to him from the customs of the parish. He exhibited a number of historic documents (including Parliamentary and Ecclesiastical surveys) to support his claim. Ellis also brought a number of witnesses who supported his allegations by discussing the practice of tithe gathering in the parish. Ellis had claimed that his rights to the tithes in dispute were grounded both in custom and in the endowment of the parish. Kay countered this by exhibiting entries from Acta Capitularia and the Domesday Book. Ellis denied Kay’s arguments. Kay exhibited further documents to prove his allegation, including acts from the Consistory Court of Richmond and an entry from the ‘Gastrell Notitia’ in the Episcopal registry of Chester. Kay brought witnesses who supported his allegations by stating that they had never paid tithes in the parish, and that certain payments to the vicar were done on a voluntary basis. The court found for Ellis and the case was sent on appeal.

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