About this Project
This project forms the first phase of a larger project to publish the James Madison Carpenter Collection in a scholarly edition and to produce a biography of Carpenter. The raw materials of Series I of the Collection have also been digitised as images by the Library of Congress as part of the Save Our Sounds: America's Recorded Sound Heritage Project. It is planned to produce a revised and expanded edition of the online catalogue with the capacity to link directly to the relevant images from the Collection when the appropriate permissions for the online publication of the Collection have been obtained.
There are currently three versions of the catalogue, version 1.0 (2003), version 1.1 (2006) and version 1.2 (2008). The changes in each version are described in About the Catalogue.
Version 1.0 of the catalogue has been made possible by funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board, with additional support from the School of English, the National Centre for English Cultural Tradition, the Humanities Research Institute, and the Humanities Research Fund, University of Sheffield.
The additions found in versions 1.1 and 1.2 of the catalogue have been funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Board (Name Authority File) and the British Academy (cylinder and disc entries).
This catalogue of the James Madison Carpenter Collection has been prepared using XML (eXtensible Markup Language), a platform-independent standard for data exchange supported by the W3C . More specifically, this project uses the Encoded Archival Description (EAD) Document Type Definition (DTD), version 1.0 developed by the Society of American Archivists. EAD comprises a set of tags or data labels and rules for their use in encoding documents which assist researchers in locating archival materials. For further information on EAD see the EAD homepage at the Library of Congress.
Thus the information contained in this catalogue has been entered as simple text enclosed in tags or labels. For example, a title might look like this:
<title>Bonny Barbara Allen</title>
As in the example, tag names are enclosed in the less-than and greater-than characters. The DTD specifies rules for which tags can appear in particular places in the document, and other details. In practical terms this has meant that six cataloguers working in Sheffield, Aberdeen, Manchester and London (UK) and Minneapolis (USA) have been able to collaborate on this project, exchanging data over the Internet. Most of the team members have used XMetaL, XML-authoring software developed by Softquad which has subsequently been taken over by Corel. In particular this team’s efforts have utilised macros written to facilitate the speedy and accurate data entry of over 12,000 items. Questions about the encoding process may be addressed to the team member responsible for technical implementation, Robert Young Walser.
In addition to the data encoded using EAD, the team has developed additional XML data files, a Name Authority File to facilitate control of the various personal name spellings and to serve as a repository for information gathered about contributors to the Carpenter Collection. A further Placename Authority File has been created to allow cross-references between place-names and boundaries in use during Carpenter’s time in Britain and to identify localities through the use of Ordnance Survey coordinates.
The search facility on this site has been developed by Jamie McLaughlin at the Humanities Research Institute at the University of Sheffield using eXist, open-source XML software.
University of Sheffield
University of Aberdeen
We gratefully acknowledge the help of the following individuals and organisations:
With regard to the revised Name Authority File in version 1.1 of the catalogue, we also gratefully acknowledge the help of the following individuals and organizations:
©2003 - 2008 The University of Sheffield